Climate Scientist Karl Zeller Sums Up The ‘Discovery’ That Pressure, Not CO2, Determines Planets’ Temps

Share this...
Share on Facebook
Facebook
Tweet about this on Twitter
Twitter

In an interview at the Porto Climate Conference earlier this month, Dr. Karl Zeller provided a brief overview of the theory he and Dr. Ned Nikolov developed. The model uses empirical NASA data to quantify the surface temperature of “all the planets across our solar system” precisely and accurately by using two values only: (1) distance from the Sun and (2) atmospheric pressure. The gaseous composition of planetary atmospheres – including CO2 concentration – is immaterial to the calculations, as CO2 is “just like any other gas”.

Interviewer: You were saying that you and [Dr.] Ned Nikolov have a new theory.  Can you tell us just a bit about that?

KZ: “Well, we actually call it a discovery.  And what we did is we took NASA data and we applied the engineering principle of dimensional analysis – Buckingham pi theorem for you engineers. And to make a long story short, we’ve had an unbelievable fit to the NASA data, where we’ve had an exponential regression line (an empirical equation, so to speak) that explains the temperature of all the planets across our solar system – that actually includes the Earth.   We can actually use planets other than the Earth.”

“And we can calculate Earth’s temperature without knowing anything else about Earth [other than its atmospheric pressure value and distance from the Sun]. . . within a degree Centigrade.  The amazing thing about that is [1] the Earth[‘s atmosphere] is [21%] oxygen and [78%] nitrogen, [2] Venus is [96.5%] carbon dioxide, [3] Mars is [95%] carbon dioxide, [4] Triton is [>99%] nitrogen, [5] Titan is [98.4%] nitrogen and [1.6%] methane . . .”

Interviewer: So you’re saying that actually carbon dioxide is not the driver [of planetary temperatures]?

KZ: “Carbon dioxide is just like any other gas.  Just like the ideal gas law, Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, Gay-Lussac’s law.  Carbon dioxide isn’t any different than any other gas in those laws.  And we’ve discovered that there’s a continuum across our solar system of the way atmosphere’s work: it’s strictly a function – the warmth that we experienceis due to two things: [1] distance from the Sun (which means how much solar energy we get), and [2] the amount of atmosphere we have, the atmospheric pressure that we experience here on the surface.”

Interviewer: And how was that [discovery] received?  Did you have the IPCC call you up and say “Wow, this is fantastic!”?

KZ: “We had to change our names to get the first paper [Volokin and Rellez, 2014] published.  It was returned [after the first attempt] because they knew who we were.  And the second time we published it we were required to pull it after they found out we had . . . [smiling] we spelled our names backwards.  It [spelling our names backwards] worked the first time, and it worked the second time [after we resubmitted it], but it was put on the internet before it was hard-copied.  A ‘climate denier’* from WattsUpWithThat [Willis Eschenbach] turned us in.  And so we experienced that, not only the so-called normal people, ‘warmists’, maybe . . . and a lot of ‘climate deniers’ do not like our work.  A lot of ‘climate deniers’ hold out for a little bit of a role with carbon dioxide.”

Interviewer: So in fact you’re saying there’s no opportunity for scientific inquiry anymore.

KZ: “Sure seems that way.  We’ve actually extended it now.  We’ve actually used some of the same principles to explain some of the past climate measurements that we’ve made here on Earth.  Same thing – pressure is the driver.  Pressure and the Sun.”

*The term “climate denier” is offensive no matter who it is applied to (i.e., Willis Eschenbach should not be referred to as such), and is not endorsed here.


To review the full paper, see Nikolov and Zeller, 2017

Images from the N&Z presentation at the Rome Climate Conference (2017)
Share this...
Share on Facebook
Facebook
Tweet about this on Twitter
Twitter

161 responses to “Climate Scientist Karl Zeller Sums Up The ‘Discovery’ That Pressure, Not CO2, Determines Planets’ Temps”

  1. Brian G Valentine

    I don’t quite understand how this can be “adiabatic” compression, since heat is heat no matter where it comes from, and the surface heat has to be exchanged with the surroundings.

    I’m not sure what the symbols mean in the diagram with the pictures of the planets

    The bright, reflective clouds of Venus are composed of sulfuric acid droplets, and I have thought that the formation of these clouds from the highly exothermic reaction of water and SO3 (coming from the oxidation of SO2) must add considerable heat to the Venusian atmosphere.

  2. Brian G Valentine

    I realize what the symbols are.

  3. Robin Pittwood

    I remember reading a series of articles at The Hockeyschtick Blog by MS around 2013/2014 on the gravitional, thermal, kinetic energy, potential energy balance. Higher up MS followed on to some radaiant effects deriving a set of equations for the lapse rates changing direction and the the two pauses. The maths was pretty intense and I didn’t get it all by any stretch. However, his work left little room for any effect of carbon dioxide. I wonder if Ned or Karl know MS?

  4. Mikky

    Interesting phenomenology, maybe the authors should have left it at that and not attempted a theoretical explanation, which is likely to get the magic “debunked” tag.

    The lapse rate depends on the acceleration due to gravity, which does not appear in the theory presented.

  5. Gus

    It’s just the empirical confirmation of the barometric formula[1]. The assumption behind the formula is that the atmosphere is essentially an ideal gas. And it is. All the corrections for chemical compositions, radiative transfer, &c., are… SECOND ORDER. The barometric formula yields, as the authors find, the correct result for various planets with an accuracy of +/- 1 degree Celsius. Corrections due to the chemical composition and radiative transfer are less than 1 degree Celsius, practically unmeasurable. In the case of Earth, the varying albedo due to the varying cloud cover is probably the most important factor after the adiabatic auto-compression discussed in the paper.

    [1] https://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1508

    1. Brian G Valentine

      How can this be a confirmation of the barometric formula if there is no reference to gravity

      1. Rog Tallbloke

        Surface pressure, which is fundamental to their theory, is a function of gravity, atmospheric mass, and surface area.

        1. John Brown

          Why not link it to atmospheric mass?

    2. Yonason

      Nice reference. Thanks, Gus!

    3. Yonason

      UPDATE

      Here are two papers they cite that look they will be very useful.

      http://physics.oregonstate.edu/~giebultt/COURSES/ph441/pdf/43.pdf

      http://web.ist.utl.pt/berberan/data/136.pdf

      Thanks again, Gus.

  6. Bob Armstrong

    It was HockeySchtick’s analysis linked in a discussion on WUWT which first got thru to me that it was gravity , the other macroscopic force , which filled the chasm between Venus’s bottom of atmosphere temperature and it’s radiative equilibrium I discuss in http://climateconferences.heartland.org/robert-armstrong-iccc9-panel-18/ . In retrospect , it’s ridiculously obvious .

    A particle moving upward in a gravitational field slows down , ie: cools ; one moving downward speeds up , ie: heats . Given Newton’s gravitational law , all else can be calculated from that .

  7. Derg

    What does Karl know? He is clearly not the 97%

  8. spike55

    OT, but wasn’t snow meant to be “a thing of the past”

    https://realclimatescience.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/144482-1.jpg

    And yes, the gravity-thermal GHE has been known for a long time.

    Its scientifically correct, just not politically correct.

    Proven, Observable, Measurable

    CO2 GHE… unproven, not observable, never measured.

    1. SebastianH

      You’ve got that mixed up spike55. Your precious gravity thermal effect doesn’t exist. The observed gradient and it’s starting point at the surface of a planetary body is what happens when you apply regular physics. It’s not the cause for anything …

      1. spike55

        DENIAL of the gravity thermal effect won’t help your credibility, seb (which is 100% negative at the moment)

        Providing evidence of CO2 warming, if you were able to do it, might.

        So far .. EMPTY

        And please stop pretending that you understand any real physics.

        1. SebastianH

          There is no gravity thermal effect as you imagine it on planets like Earth. The temperature gradient is an effect that starts from the surface upwards and not a cause.

          Providing evidence of CO2 warming, if you were able to do it, might.

          Educate yourself, nobody can help you if you ignore everything that doesn’t fit your view of the world.

          And please stop pretending that you understand any real physics.

          Not pretending, mr. math illiterate. I minored in physics/astronomy and quantum information theory …

          1. spike55

            So, still ranting like a demented headless chook

            ZERO EVIDENCE from you seb, nothing to argue against

            DESPERATE distraction from providing evidence of CO2 warming..

            Let’s watch seb-troll AVOID answering YET AGAIN 🙂

            Q1. In what way has the climate changed in the last 40 years, that can be scientifically attributable to human CO2 ?

            Q2. Do you have ANY EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE at all that humans have changed the global climate in ANYWAY WHATSOEVER?

            “Not pretending,”

            No, your ignorance of physics is no way a pretence, it is the ONLY thing real about you.
            Obviously very much a minor.

          2. SebastianH

            You are good at trolling and that’s it … well done!

          3. Ross Handsaker

            “The temperature gradient is an effect that starts from the surface upwards….”.
            Seb, it has been pointed out to you before that this statement is incorrect. In ventilation shafts in mines the lapse rate due to auto-compression continues below the surface. This warming effect is we’ll recognised in the mining industry.

          4. SebastianH

            Seb, it has been pointed out to you before that this statement is incorrect. In ventilation shafts in mines the lapse rate due to auto-compression continues below the surface.

            No, it doesn’t. As should be evident by observed mostly static temperatures in mine shafts wether it is freezing at the surface or 30°C on a hot summer day.

            The gradient observed there is not a continuation of the lapse rate.

            This warming effect is we’ll recognised in the mining industry.

            Just a wild guess, the mining industry does know exactly what causes that warming effect and that it’s not the lapse rate starting somewhere in the atmosphere going downwards 😉

          5. Yonason

            @SebH

            “Just a wild guess, the mining industry does know exactly what causes that warming effect and that it’s not the lapse rate starting somewhere in the atmosphere going downwards”

            Sorry, SebH. Would you care to make another “wild guess?”

            See Chapter 8 (P.7). Mine Ventilation Thermodynamics, here…
            https://www.mvsengineering.com/files/Subsurface-Book/MVS-SVE_Chapter08.pdf

            “This result [equation 8.9] is usually rounded off and quoted as a dry bulb temperature adiabatic lapse rate of 1 °C per 100 m depth. The increase in temperature is a result of potential energy being converted to internal energy as the air falls through the shaft. The effect is also referred to as autocompression.

            Any normal person would be so embarrassed by making such an idiotic mistake, so easy to look up, that he would slink away in shame. What am I bet the the troll doubles down on his nonsense and tries to tell us the mining expert is wrong?

          6. SebastianH

            Sorry, SebH. Would you care to make another “wild guess?”

            With pleasure. I am guessing you think that ventilation of a mine shaft and what happens to air on its way downwards is the natural temperature gradient in a mine shaft. Did I guess correctly?

            May I ask you to take an educated guess why it is warm at the bottom of a deep mine shaft and why ventilation is used to cool it down? May I further ask you why the temperature in a ventilated shaft very much depends on the airflow (e.g. speed of air)?

            Do you really think it is warm at the bottom of a deep mine shaft because of gravity compressing the air down there?

          7. spike55

            “Do you really think it is warm at the bottom of a deep mine shaft because of gravity compressing the air down there?”

            Do you really think it doesn’t play a large part?? WOW !!

            Seb shows his ignorance yet again

            Why query PROVEN FACTS, seb

            Are you DENYING physics and RREAL measurements yet again.. or just being DELIBERATELY IGNORANT

          8. spike55

            “What am I bet the the troll doubles down on his nonsense and tries to tell us the mining expert is wrong?”

            You pinged it. 😉 Very predictable, he is.

            One can ALWAYS trust that seb will double down on his nonsense, then double-down again, then double-down again..

            With his displays of ignorance increasing at an exponential rate.

      2. spike55

        WRONG AGAIN, seb.. due to your complete lack of understanding of physics.

        The pressure DOES NOT start at the surface, it is created by the gravity force of gasses above it.

        The pressure gradient allows for the formation of the temperature gradient.

  9. Svend Ferdinandsen

    I wonder how the Earth and its atmosphere would be without any GHG’s.
    The atmosphere can only be heated or cooled by conduction with ground and convection, and the Earth can only loose heat by direct radiation into space.
    Could a heavy inversion develop that stops most circulation?

    I followed also the series in The Hockeyschtick, but found it a bit esoteric and interresting.

    1. SebastianH

      The surface would radiate away all incoming radiation at the same magnitude directly to space. It would be much much cooler. The atmosphere above would roughly match the surface temperature by conduction. There would probably not be a tropopause. Without the possibility to cool at the top of the atmosphere, it would probably become mostly isotherm with exception of the near surface layers.

      1. spike55

        WRONG.

        Convection and conduction would still rule, as they do in our lower atmosphere.

        Again, noted that you rely on hypothetical unprovables rather than any REAL LIFE observations.

        1. SebastianH

          Convection and conduction would still rule, as they do in our lower atmosphere.

          And how do you imagine that to be working? Conduction and convection transport “heat” (it would be much much cooler than today) from the surface into the atmosphere and where does it go from there? To space by convection? Back to the surface at night? 😉

          1. spike55

            Seb thinks other molecules don’t radiate..

            WOW. ! SO DUMB. !!

            You have ZERO idea how this hypo-pathetical nonsense of yours would work.

            GET BACK TO REALITY.. for once in your mindless existence. !!

          2. SebastianH

            Do I need to remind you of the conditions that Svend Ferdinandsen set? Do you ever read and try to understand what you are replying to?

            Dumb indeed.

            But let’s go with it. How would it work, spike55? Give us a glimpse into your mind!

          3. spike55

            So you admit that all molecules do emit radiation

            .. Well done

            I’ll leave you to deal with UNREAL, UNPROVABLE hypotheses.

            They are YOUR life choice. !!

  10. Dan Pangburn

    Between glacial and interglacial, temperatures differed by much more than 1K but the parameters they considered have not changed.

  11. SebastianH

    Crazy thought: their discovery works because gravity allows for exactly the existing atmospheres to exist at the amount of solar radiation reaching the planet or moon at the observed temperatures. Or in other words: they figured out how the ideal gas law works and now think the resulting pressure is the cause instead of the effect.

    Or: they think identical bicycle tires will end up at different temperatures when filled with varying amount of air. It should be clear to every thinking mind, that this is impossible.

    1. spike55

      “they figured out how the ideal gas law works “

      We are all waiting for you to get that far, seb

      But your grasp of physics has proven to be a tenuous as a Lunar atmosphere.

      You don’t even seem to have the faintest grasp of kinetic energy within gases.

      Quite BIZARRE for someone to be so ignorant.

      1. SebastianH

        Are you sitting on that battery powered balsa wood chair again, spike55? 😉

        1. spike55

          Poor seb, DESPERATE to remain WILFULLY and DELIBERATELY IGNORANT.

          He knows that a little bit of knowledge would destroy what’s left of his mindless fairy-tale beliefs.

    2. spike55

      “Crazy thought:”

      You should use that heading on all your posts..

      .. although, just your name is sufficient now.

      “gravity allows for exactly the existing atmospheres to exist at the amount of solar radiation reaching the planet or moon at the observed temperatures”

      What you seem to be saying, seb.. is that gravity, and the solar energy received, set the atmosphere and thus the basic surface temperature.

      WELL DONE. ! 🙂

      Take another faceplant !! 🙂

      1. SebastianH

        What you seem to be saying, seb.. is that gravity, and the solar energy received, set the atmosphere and thus the basic surface temperature.

        You’ve made to half the track and then decided to give up and declare yourself the winner of the race … put in the effort and run all the way to end. You’ll understand this eventually 😉

        There is not one thing setting the other. It all plays together and the pressure is the result because the temperature is set by incoming solar radiation and the gases the atmospheres exist of.

        If you warm a container of air and observe the pressure increasing you wouldn’t attribute the temperature increase to the increasing pressure, wouldn’t you?

        1. spike55

          Seb has shown little understanding of the pressure temperature relationship

          Has made up his own interpretation of the concepts involved and is mightily confused by his limited grasp of physics.

          It has been shown that the actual gases constituent in the atmosphere make very little difference, CO2 actually increasing the lapse rate by a tiny amount, thus COOLING.

    3. spike55

      “they think identical bicycle tires will end up at different temperatures when filled with varying amount of air.

      The air in the tyre exerts a force, therefore energy is required to maintain that pressure in the tyres, seb

      Do you know where that energy comes from, little mind ?

      What forces the air in a tyre to remain under pressure?

      (or will you pretend that once compressed, the air exerts no force? You know, like that idiocy the other day when you said an object as rest (on a chair, iirc) had no forces acting on it. that was FUNNY ;-))

      Come on, with a small amount of rational thought you may just be able to figure it out. 😉

      1. SebastianH

        The air in the tyre exerts a force, therefore energy is required to maintain that pressure in the tyres, seb

        Nope. Do you think the tire is drawing energy from its surroundings to hold air inside?

        (or will you pretend that once compressed, the air exerts no force? You know, like that idiocy the other day when you said an object as rest (on a chair, iirc) had no forces acting on it. that was FUNNY ;-))

        You can store energy in the form of compressed air, but you don’t need energy to hold the air at a certain pressure level. This should be evident by the non existing power sources at every pressure vessel in existence …

        And yes, objects at rest obviously have no forces acting on them that need to be countered by something that consumes energy. The one-time compression when you sit down on an object/chair is not an ongoing thing that warms up the chair a certain amount forever.

        What you are proposing is a perpetuum mobile …

        1. spike55

          “This should be evident by the non existing power sources at every pressure vessel in existence …”

          WOW, seb shows he doesn’t understand pressure vessels

          What happens if you pump that tyre up too far, seb?

          Why do they make high pressure vessels out of thick steel, seb.

          Do you agree that compressed air in a tank exerts a force of the inside of the vessel?

          What force resists that force, seb ?

          When you sit on a chair, there is ALWAYS a mass x gravity force acting on the chair, right seb?

          So there MUST be a counter force, right?

          Where does that force come from ? magic????

          Why aren’t all chairs made out of balsa wood, seb?

          If you were suspended stationary 20m above the ground on a rope, would you want that rope to be thick rope or a piece of thin string?

          After all, according to you, you are not exerting any force on the rope, so it wouldn’t matter what sort of rope was holding you up there, right ?

          And of course, so long as it is stationary, you can hold a 1 tonne weight above your head, right. 😉

          No energy required at all. 😉

        2. John Brown

          SebH still need understand difference Force and Energy.

          Objects at rest have still force acting on them. One of them is Gravity.

          He want dismiss gravity or not? He use wrong terminology. Never one will listen to him.

          1. SebastianH

            SebH still need understand difference Force and Energy.

            Objects at rest have still force acting on them. One of them is Gravity.

            Does he? I cite myself:“And yes, objects at rest obviously have no forces acting on them that need to be countered by something that consumes energy.”

            A book at the top of a table doesn’t move (simply speaking), therefore there aren’t any forces performing work. Nobody needs to spend energy to keep the book from falling down. Keeping the book at that position with a small drone and the table not existing requires energy.

            Any highschool student should be able to understand the difference, spike55 apparently doesn’t.

          2. spike55

            “therefore there aren’t any forces performing work.”

            OMG , the ignorance is palpable

            What counteracts the gravity force, seb?

            Tell me you don’t need to use energy when holding a 200kg mass stationary above your head.

            Tell us that holding a car still on a steep slope without its brake on, doesn’t require any energy.. please go and try 🙂

            Tell us that holding a 60lb longbow fully drawn doesn’t require energy.

            We can all have another massive laugh.

            And your drone analogy shows just how incredibly ignorant you really are on the subject.

            Both the table and the drone require exactly the SAME FORCE to hold the book against gravity.

            I doubt you have the mental capacity to even slightly comprehend the basic physics of that FACT.

          3. John Brown

            SebH now bringing in work.

            A book on table has at least to forces acting on it. Gravity and reaction force.

            In equilibrium there is not exchange of energy, but this no mean no energy involved. Energy measured in Newton (unit of force) times distance. This also work performed.

            Energy cannot be created or consumed as SebH suggests.
            He still using wrong layman terminology.

          4. SebastianH

            Tell me you don’t need to use energy when holding a 200kg mass stationary above your head.

            Tell us that holding a car still on a steep slope without its brake on, doesn’t require any energy.. please go and try 🙂

            Tell us that holding a 60lb longbow fully drawn doesn’t require energy.

            It is amazing how you reply to an accusation that you don’t understand the difference … you go out of your way to demonstrate that you really don’t. Bravo 😉

            Let’s take that first one of your examples. Can you tell the difference between me holding a mass of arbitrary weight 2 m above ground level and keeping that mass 2 m above ground by putting it on a 2m high table? Can you?

            Do you think someone is “holding up” the atmosphere and therefore need to spend energy to keep it that way?

            Both the table and the drone require exactly the SAME FORCE to hold the book against gravity.

            You are getting closer … now go one step further, does the table spend energy to keep that book at the stationary position? Or in other words, does it matter how long that book is resting on the table?

            John Brown:

            Energy cannot be created or consumed as SebH suggests.
            He still using wrong layman terminology.

            Layman terminology is what people understand. Or are you saying I should reply to spike55’s examples by saying that no energy is required because it never gets “consumed” or “spent”? 😉

          5. spike55

            Poor seb, STILL denying basic laws of physics.

            You poor NIL-educated twit.

            “Can you tell the difference between me holding a mass of arbitrary weight 2 m above ground level and keeping that mass 2 m above ground by putting it on a 2m high table? Can you?”

            Do you actually DENY that the same force is needed to hold the book up, be it by desk or drone or person.

            WOW. !!!!! seb’s FANTASY FIZZICS, yet again.

            How come you have a TOTAL LACK OF ANY COMPREHENSION of structures or materials ????

            “Tell us that holding a 60lb longbow fully drawn doesn’t require energy?”

            And seb uses his headless-chook routine distraction to avoid answering, yet again.

            So hilarious.

            Come on seb.. make us LAUGH even more.

            ANSWER THE QUESTION

          6. SebastianH

            Do you actually DENY that the same force is needed to hold the book up, be it by desk or drone or person.

            Please just answer the question. The same force is needed, but what is the difference between those two situations? Can you answer that or are they both the same to you? Does it make a difference for the table to hold that weight for an hour or many days?

            And seb uses his headless-chook routine distraction to avoid answering, yet again.

            Says the one who distracted himself out of answering once again … I am getting tired of this nonsense with you, troll.

          7. John Brown

            SebH asks:

            “Do you think someone is “holding up” the atmosphere and therefore need to spend energy to keep it that way?”

            The answer is yes, without energy input the atmosphere would “collapse” or rather liquefy. The different molecules in the air (and there is not wet or dry molecules) all have a mass, this mass is affected by gravity. Gas molecules are lose items, they are held up by their own movement and kinetic energy and by collisions with other molecules.
            Still they act like the weight over your head and if your muscles fail or if the kinetic energy drops below the required value (matter of vector velocities) the molecule will move towards the center of the Earth.
            Since energy is not created or used up energy will transform. A mass moving towards the gravitational center will lose potential energy but will gain kinetic energy. This might be visible as an increase in temperature. This is also the reason why the atmosphere acts like an energy storage and also the reason why gravity is thought to be a setting point of the temperature.
            As a matter of fact gravity is the determining factor for the lapse rate as a falling molecule will increase its kinetic energy accordingly to the gravitational acceleration, which btw is not a constant.

            SebH you are coming here with laymans terms, serious misinterpretations of simple physics, you are being presented with a mass of scientific literature, studies and peer reviewed work and yet you think laymans talk and understanding can counter a scientific work or brings you in the position to even judge right or wrong of the work being presented?

            You need to step away from your pride, or whatever it is, and have a look how idiotic it must look from the outside. For me it looks like a caveman saying he can explain an electronics board without ever having to solder something or knowing what a solder is.

            If you want to be taken serious you should stop replying to Spike. Half of what you say to him might not even be what you wanted to say, but yet you regurgitate countless nonphysical interpretations similar to “consuming energy” “Wet air molecule” “there is not force acting on a resting item” and so forth.
            Think about it!

            To get back to the topic:

            “Do you think someone is “holding up” the atmosphere and therefore need to spend energy to keep it that way?”

            Yes!

            Again learn the difference between Force and Energy and PLEASE check the boundary conditions if you ever come up with a physical example. Air in particular is ill compared with a book resting on a table or you sitting on a chair.
            Wrong discussion that is! Different conditions.
            Regards
            John Brown

          8. Yonason

            @John Brown

            You request of SebH that he: “PLEASE check the boundary conditions if you ever come up with a physical example.

            I have yet to see any indication that he knows what “boundary conditions” are, or why they are important. Maybe he’s just good at keeping a secret, but more likely he just doesn’t know.

            Since we’re talking about climate here, mostly, if SebH wants to learn a few of the basics, he could start with this fellow’s intro to a few fundamental facts about the atmosphere.
            https://cosmolearning.org/video-lectures/atmospheric-pressure/

            His other physics videos are kind of fun, too, if only just to see how he organizes and presents the material.

          9. spike55

            “Do you actually DENY that the same force is needed to hold the book up, be it by desk or drone or person.

            and seb goes into manic EVASION mode yet again

            so predictable.

            He can see he has painted himself into a corner, so is cackling like crazy trying to distract from the FACT that no matter what holds that book up against the gravity induced force, that force MUST be the same.

            Still hasn’t figure that the book requires a force acting against gravity no matter where it is.

            Still DENIES that it takes energy to hold a 200kg weight stationary above his head.

            Put that 200kg weight on a table, THE SAME FORCE MUST BE APPLIED to hold that 200kg against gravity.

            Where does that force come from, seb-troll ????

            What if that table is made of balsa wood, seb-troll ?

            —-

            “Tell us that holding a 60lb longbow fully drawn doesn’t require energy?””

            Seb-troll distracts from answering this one as well. everything is stationary, so no energy needed to hold it.. right, seb-troll 😉

            cue more seb-troll fantasy fizzics

            This is hilarious watching seb-troll arrogantly strutting around like the headless chook he is.

            Totally mindless and totally incapable of learning or even wanting to learn.

          10. spike55

            seb says its takes no energy to hold a weight against gravity

            ROFLMAO !!

            Watch as this little guy lifts, then holds a small weight 😉

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9JXKvzH0r_U

            Easy peasy.. right seb.. you nil-educated goose !!

            What would happen if you put that weight he just lifted on, say, this table

            https://www.bcf.com.au/dw/image/v2/BBRV_PRD/on/demandware.static/-/Sites-srg-internal-master-catalog/default/dw44c8dcb9/images/344201/BCF_344201_hi-res.jpg

            come on let’s see if you can figure it out 😉

          11. spike55

            “Air in particular is ill compared with a book resting on a table or you sitting on a chair.”

            Well not really….

            Both require a force to counter the gravity induced weight-force.. just like air in, say, the bottom 10m of the atmosphere, must exert an upward force to counter the weight-force of the air above it.

            Basic physics does not change from solid to gas

            The table on which the book, or the 200kg weight, is placed, MUST exert an equal and opposite force to the weight-force of the item.

            Where does the table get that force from?

            What happens if the table is unable to exert an exact counter to the weight-force ?

            Same when someone sits in a chair, stationary..
            The chair MUST exert an equal but opposite force to your weight-force.

            Where does the chair get that force from?

            What happens if the chair is unable to counter the weight-force of your body?

          12. Yonason

            @spike55 27. September 2018 at 10:51 PM

            LOL – I’d like to see Lochev “curl” that weight. 😉

            Notice that he didn’t “press” it. He “lifted” it by a series of swift moves to maneuver it to where his locked limbs could hold it up, although even then for only a few seconds. No way he could do that with muscles alone. Aside, one’s legs are generally a lot stronger than ones arms.

            ==================================

            OK, now about the video I linked to with Professor Julius Sumner Miller. I very much encourage SebH to watch it and pay particular attention to just how much force the atmosphere is exerting on it’s surroundings (15 lb per square inch), and the effects it can have on them, as he illustrates by evacuating a series of objects.

          13. spike55

            “as he illustrates by evacuating a series of objects.”

            Seb’s head needs to be careful !!

            Lucky there is plenty of hot air and green sludge inside it.

            Take a plastic bottle, fill it with hot water, empty it, and screw the lid on tight.

            Nah, no pressure at all. 😉

          14. SebastianH

            Wow, John Brown can write like a normal person. I would not have thought that from our previous interactions.

            “Do you think someone is “holding up” the atmosphere and therefore need to spend energy to keep it that way?”

            The answer is yes, without energy input the atmosphere would “collapse” or rather liquefy.

            That is rather different from what spike55 is claiming though. He thinks the ground needs energy (or force, he seems to use that interchangeably) to hold up the atmosphere above. And the next layer of air must hold up the air above it and so on. He asserts this requires energy for the act of holding something up (similar to the book/table thing), not to keep it from liquefying.

            This might be a language barrier thing, but I doubt it after many conversations with spike55. He truely thinks – at least that is how I understand it – that putting a book on a table causes the table to warm and stay at that higher temperature level because it requires energy to hold that book up. He uses a similar theme when it comes to El Ninos causing all the warming. Like an ocean-to-atmosphere release could permanently warm the atmosphere.

            Since energy is not created or used up energy will transform. A mass moving towards the gravitational center will lose potential energy but will gain kinetic energy. This might be visible as an increase in temperature.

            That is how it works, but Earth is not a closes system. Any temperature increase resulting from mass moving closer to the center also increases the longwave radiation towards space. And like a bicycle tire the initial warmth is eventually lost.

            Since Earth’s atmosphere is not experiencing an ongoing compression, this is not what warms the lower atmosphere / surface above what can be expected from an atmosphere-less planet Earth.

            If you want to be taken serious you should stop replying to Spike.

            I probably should stop replying to him for other reasons, but not to stop “looking idiotic”. Well, except if it makes me “look idiotic” to reply to a troll like him.

            Half of what you say to him might not even be what you wanted to say,

            True, English is not my primary language.

            but yet you regurgitate countless nonphysical interpretations similar to “consuming energy”

            Oh come on, this term is regularly used by everyone. Please express your feelings towards this term next time Kenneth comes up with an article telling us that primary “energy consumption” is still increasing faster than renewables.

            “Wet air molecule”

            I wrote “dry air molecule” and it taken from the Wikipedia page about the Density of Air from which I thought you’ve gotten the idea to write this (in your usual non-normal voice):
            “Evaporation no cause denser air. It cause more mass maybe but not denser air. Water vapour supposed to be less dense than air.”

            “there is not force acting on a resting item” and so forth.

            I didn’t write this. Please don’t abbreviate quotes and present them out of context. Kenneth would call you dishonest for doing something like this …

            @spike55:

            so predictable.

            Indeed … you’ve gone full troll again and evaded everything I asked you. I am told it would be idiotic to reply to you, but I can’t resist.

            Still hasn’t figure that the book requires a force acting against gravity no matter where it is.

            You are mistaken. I know which forces are acting in those scenarios. I am objecting nonsense like this:
            “The air in the tyre exerts a force, therefore energy is required to maintain that pressure in the tyres, seb”

            If you just would answer the question of whether or not it requires more energy for a table to hold up something against gravity for 2 hours than for 1 hour. That would be nice.

            @Yonason:

            I very much encourage SebH to watch it and pay particular attention to just how much force the atmosphere is exerting on it’s surroundings (15 lb per square inch), and the effects it can have on them, as he illustrates by evacuating a series of objects.

            Do you honestly think that the force of the atmosphere pushing on things causes a temperature increase above what can be expected from the incoming radiation from the Sun? Do you think this behaves like an inflated bicycle tire where the warmth from compressing the air can’t escape to anywhere?

          15. Yonason

            @SebastianH 28. September 2018 at 9:48 AM

            The amount and constituents of the atmosphere, it’s energy content, and the gravitational field of the planet are what primarily determine air pressure and temperature for a given height above the earth. If energy isn’t added or lost, then a temperature gradient will be present as a consequence of the pressure gradient that is always there.

            =============================

            See here…
            http://apollo.lsc.vsc.edu/classes/met130/notes/chapter6/adiab_warm.html

            consider a sinking parcel of air –>>

            As the parcel sinks, it will adiabatically compress and warm

            adiabatic – a process where the parcel temperature changes due to an expansion or compression, no heat is added or taken away from the parcel

            the parcel compresses since it is moving into a region of higher pressure

            due to the parcel compression, the air molecules gain internal energy

            hence, the mean temperature of the parcel increases

            =============================

            “Do you honestly think that the force of the atmosphere pushing on things causes a temperature increase above what can be expected from the incoming radiation from the Sun?” -SebH

            It’s colder on mountain tops, and warmer in valleys. When the air is still and dry, and both are receiving exactly the same amount of sunlight, then yes, it is the pressure that causes the temperature difference, and the slope of the curve of temp vs height is called the “lapse rate.”

            And, yes, the further you go down in a mine, the greater the pressure, so there will be an increase in temperature resulting from the increase in pressure as you descend into the mine. There will most likely be other factors involved, but if you want to properly calculate all of them, you cannot ignore the effect of pressure on temperature. And remember, there is no sunlight in a mine.

            NOTE – if large quantities of heat were being transferred from earth to atmosphere or vice versa, there couldn’t be any adiabatic lapse rate. But there is. That is one piece of evidence against the greenhouse theory, IMO.

          16. spike55

            What a load of manically imbecilic anti-physics, nonsense from seb

            ” that putting a book on a table causes the table to warm and stay at that higher temperature level because it requires energy to hold that book up”

            ROFLMAO, you REALLY have just shown you haven’t got the vaguest CLUE.

            Do you DENY that holding the book stationary
            requires exactly the same force whether its on the table or attached to a drone.

            REALLY ???????

            Are you that incredibly DUMB !!!

            “Since Earth’s atmosphere is not experiencing an ongoing compression”

            The Earth’s atmosphere is ALWAYS undergoing continued compression.

            Its called GRAVITY, you mindless twerp.. !!

            That force is ALWAYS THERE, and it has to be ALWAYS countered with an equal and opposite force.

            Do you DENY that the air in the tyre is always exerting a force that keeps the tyre inflated?

            Do you DENY that the book, or a 200lb weight ALWAYS exerts a gravity force.

            DO you DENY that it takes energy to hold a 200lb weight stationary above your head, and that no matter what is holding that 200lb weight stationary , it will still be exerting the same downward force, that MUST be countered with same equal and opposite reaction force

            This is the basis of ALL PHYSICS, all structural analysis…seb..

            Why are you DENYING the most basic laws of physics, seb

            Your understanding of basic physics comes from a way out BIZZARO FANTASY WORLD.!!

            And then you say in reply to “Still hasn’t figure that the book requires a force acting against gravity no matter where it is.”

            You are mistaken..

            Really ??? a book, or 200lb sitting on a table doesn’t exert a force on the table.. REALLY????

            And thus must have an equal and opposite acting against it. !!

            WOW, just WOW.. !!!

            We REALLY are getting an in-depth view into you complete and abject IGNORANCE of the REALITY of the world around you, and your complete and utter lack of comprehension of any sort of physics whatsoever. !!!

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zrWoG8IckyE

          17. spike55

            “Does holding a 60lb longbow fully drawn require energy?” YES or NO

            “Does holding a 200lb weight above your head require energy?” YES or NO

            “”Does a 200lb weight, held stationary, still exert exactly the same downward force, no matter what is holding it“ YES or NO

            Come on seb.. get passed your egotistical arrogance, and give a straight yes or no answer to each of the above.

            No ranting,

            No carrying-on like a headless chook.

            Simple questions.. simple answers. YES or NO.

            I dare you 😉

          18. SebastianH

            a temperature gradient will be present as a consequence of the pressure gradient that is always there.

            This isn’t about the existence of a temperature gradient. Also there can be no gradient if there is no convection working against the gases being warmed below and cooling at the top.

            yes, it is the pressure that causes the temperature difference, and the slope of the curve of temp vs height is called the “lapse rate.”

            How is that a reply to my question? Or are you trying to say that the temperature is set somewhere at the top of the atmosphere and however deep/high the surface is below, that’s the temperature the surface will end up with?

            And, yes, the further you go down in a mine, the greater the pressure, so there will be an increase in temperature resulting from the increase in pressure as you descend into the mine.

            The temperature gradient in rock is much higher than that of air. The temperature of air is set by the surrounding rock. Convection does it’s thing to work against the air being warmed at the bottom, thus you get the usual lapse rate.

            NOTE – if large quantities of heat were being transferred from earth to atmosphere or vice versa, there couldn’t be any adiabatic lapse rate. But there is. That is one piece of evidence against the greenhouse theory, IMO.

            I advice you to think about this gem of your imagination (“IMO”) and go to the physics department of your local university/college and ask them how stuff works.

          19. SebastianH

            Spike55, I have the feeling you are not really reading what people write. Please do that and then think about what you just replied here … it can’t be the language barrier … and as John Brown said, don’t confuse forces with energy and/or heat.

            Answer this question please:
            Does it requires more energy for a table to hold up something against gravity for 2 hours than for 1 hour?

            “Does holding a 60lb longbow fully drawn require energy?” YES or NO

            No.

            “Does holding a 200lb weight above your head require energy?” YES or NO

            No.

            “”Does a 200lb weight, held stationary, still exert exactly the same downward force, no matter what is holding it“ YES or NO

            Yes.

            Feel free to ask why the answer of the first two of your questions is no. I answered them previously, but I am sure you’ve forgotten it. It has to do with the difference between a drone holding something stationary and the same object sitting on a table stationary. You’ll get there eventually …

            So, now answer my question please? No evation, no insults, no ranting? Can you do that?

          20. spike55

            WOW, 2 NO answers

            Truly BIZARRE !!!

            You have just proved that you really do live in a total and complete FANTASY land, and that your knowledge of physics is basically nil, or actually on the far negative side of reality. !

            Are you really that incapable of comprehending anything that is going on around you ??

            I admit, even I am stunned at your idiocy.

            Didn’t you see that clip of the weightlifter trying to hold the weights.. the energy he had to use to apply the force to hold them against gravity even for a few seconds.. Do you think he could have held it forever.. ??? no energy being used.. WOW !!!.

            Is REALITY really that far away from your mind??

            UNBELIEVABLE !!!!!

            I take it you have never used a longbow. If you had, you could not possibly give a NO answer. The force you have to apply just to hold it is considerable. Do you really DENY that you have to apply a large force through your fingers to hold the bow.

            Your answers really are on the far far side of BIZARRE !!!

            Totally detached from REALITY !!

            Totally detached from all known physics.

            No wonder everyone is LAUGHING at you.. you are CRAZY !!!

            You got the third one correct.. was that an accident ?????

            Then go and say there is a difference in the force applied by the book on the table as for being held by the drone.

            No seb, there is absolutely no difference between the force require for the book to stay on the table as for being held by a drone..

            To even think so is the height of absolute DENIAL of basic physics.

            And seb, there is a force acting downwards from atmospheric mass, therefore, at any point there must be a force acting upwards to counter that mass.

            Do you DENY this fact? Is your understanding of physics REALLY that empty?

            Applying a force uses energy, do you DENY this fact?

            If there was no energy involved in gravitational forces, hydro-electricity would not work. Aircraft could fly without engines.

            You really are devoid of all comprehension of ANYTHING, aren’t you seb. !!!

          21. SebastianH

            Oh Spikes, Just answer the damn question instead of manuevering yourself deeper into that pit …

          22. spike55

            Which one of your particularly ignorant questions do you want answered.?

            The one where you DENY the laws of physics by DENYING that a body at rest must have andequal and opposite forces acting on it..

            .. and since the book or 200lb weight has the force of gravity acting on it whether it is held above your head or stilling o a table, there must be an equal and opposite reaction force in no matter where the book or 200lb weight is?

            The where you DENY that when the book or 200lb weight is sitting on the table, the table MUST be exerting an equal and opposite force to counteract the gravity force of the item ?

            That DENIAL of physics question?

            You got the first two question I asked TOTALLY WRONG last time. SO FUNNY !!

            So what is your question.. try really hard NOT to make it one that highlights your IGNORANCE of basic physics. 😉

            Dig deeper and deep, little seb-troll.. the only direction you know how. !

          23. Yonason

            “…there can be no gradient if there is no convection working against the gases being warmed below and cooling at the top.” – SebH

            Clear as mud, as usual from SebH.

            Here’s an excellent presentation by someone who knows what he’s talking about.
            https://youtu.be/ObnWb7yspxA

            Time permitting, I’ll try to expand on this soon-ish. I’ll just comment that the “convection” that’s referred to in some explanations of the lapse rate is the movement of the parcel of air either up or down, depending on it’s density. It’s not a separate factor, or whatever SebH is referring to when he writes…

            “Convection does it’s thing to work against the air being warmed at the bottom, thus you get the usual lapse rate.”

            The air warmed at the surface rises, and that rising is by definition “convection”, since it is air movement. As the air parcel rises, it’s pressure decreases, as does it’s temperature. Convection is not a competing process. It is merely the definition of the movement of the air parcel. It would also apply to a parcel at high altitude that was more dense than the surrounding air, and was descending. Just a definition. That’s all.

            Of course, if there were a wind that disturbed the air parcel, that would also be convection, but not the one referring to it’s adiabatic rise or descent. That would interfere, but that’s not what we’re talking about here.

            What is clear is that SebH has no clue what he’s writing about, or, if he does, he’s completely incapable of articulating it. Maybe the language barrier? …maybe not.

  12. Ron Clutz

    Their paper published in July 2017 is straight-forward and unequivocal. I repeat here the conclusions:

    The planetary temperature model consisting of Equations (4a), (10b), (11) has several fundamental theoretical implications, i.e.,

    • The ‘greenhouse effect’ is not a radiative phenomenon driven by the atmospheric infrared optical depth as presently believed, but a pressure-induced thermal enhancement analogous to adiabatic heating and independent of atmospheric composition;

    • The down-welling LW radiation is not a global driver of surface warming as hypothesized for over 100 years but a product of the near-surface air temperature controlled by solar heating and atmospheric pressure;

    • The albedo of planetary bodies with tangible atmospheres is not an independent driver of climate but an intrinsic property (a byproduct) of the climate system itself. This does not mean that the cloud albedo cannot be influenced by external forcing such as solar wind or galactic cosmic rays. However, the magnitude of such influences is expected to be small due to the stabilizing effect of negative feedbacks operating within the system. This novel understanding explains the observed remarkable stability of planetary albedos;

    • The equilibrium surface temperature of a planet is bound to remain stable (i.e., within ± 1 K) as long as the atmospheric mass and the TOA mean solar irradiance are stationary. Hence, Earth’s climate system is well buffered against sudden changes and has no tipping points;
    • The proposed net positive feedback between surface temperature and the atmospheric infrared opacity controlled by water vapor appears to be a model artifact resulting from a mathematical decoupling of the radiative-convective heat transfer rather than a physical reality.
    My synopsis is at
    https://rclutz.wordpress.com/2017/07/11/planetary-warming-back-to-basics/

    1. Mike Haseler

      Even if they were right, no reasonable person could be unequivocal after merely trawling around for an equation that just happened to fit the points – after they cherry picked the points to make them fit.

      They didn’t disprove that the conventional theory is wrong – indeed they haven’t even checked what the conventional theory would give when applied to the planets. So they are incapable of saying anything about the conventional theory as they don’t know what the conventional theory would give.

      – all they proved is that they could get a random equation to fit that happened to have as one of the adjustments: pressure.

      1. John Brown

        Agree with Mike here!

      2. spike55

        The conventional “conjecture”, gives whatever the AGW priests want it to give.

        It is so badly and non-scientifically defined as to be totally meaningless.

      3. Ron Clutz

        Many people think CO2 affects the atmospheric temperature profile, and climate models presume it, but effects from CO2 have yet to be detected in observations. For example, weather balloon records should show it, but they do not.

        “Atmospheric profiles in North America during the period 2010-2011, obtained from archived radiosonde measurements, were analysed in terms of changes in molar density (D) with pressure (P). This revealed a pronounced phase change at the tropopause. The air above the tropopause (i.e., in the tropopause/stratosphere) adopted a “heavy phase”, distinct from the conventional “light phase” found in the troposphere. This heavy phase was also found in the lower troposphere for cold, Arctic winter radiosondes.”

        “Reasonable fits for the complete barometric temperature profiles of all the considered radiosondes could be obtained by just accounting for these phase changes and for changes in humidity. This suggests that the well-known changes in temperature lapse rates associated with the tropopause/stratosphere regions are related to the phase change, and not “ozone heating”, which had been the previous explanation.”

        “Possible correlations between solar ultraviolet variability and climate change have previously been explained in terms of changes in ozone heating influencing stratospheric weather. These explanations may have to be revisited, but the correlations may still be valid, e.g., if it transpires that solar variability influences the formation of the heavy phase, or if the changes in incoming ultraviolet radiation are redistributed throughout the atmosphere, after absorption in the stratosphere.”

        “The fits for the barometric temperature profiles did not require any consideration of the composition of atmospheric trace gases, such as carbon dioxide, oxone or methane. This contradicts the predictions of current atmospheric models, which assume the temperature profiles are strongly influenced by greenhouse gas concentrations. This suggests that the greenhouse effect plays a much smaller role in barometric temperature profiles than previously assumed.”

        http://oprj.net/articles/atmospheric-science/19

  13. John Shotsky

    It’s nice to see that someone else has discovered what I’ve been saying for two decades. I hope they get the credit they deserve.

    1. SebastianH

      They get being laughed at by everyone for years now … and rightfully so.

      1. spike55

        Poor seb-troll.. giggling like a little girl again..

        at least not *sigh*ing this time, that really was pathetic.

        Gravity thermal effect is measured, observed, calculated, validated.

        NONE of these things apply to the CO2 warming fallacy.

        No measurements, no observations, no calculations that have any reality, and certainly NO validation through evidence.

        No evidence of atmospheric CO2 warming anything anywhere, seb-troll

        Its a JOKE and you know it.

        Heck you can’t even a provide a rational, coherent scientific explanation or provide one tiny bit of empirical proof.

        You can’t even say how CO2 has affected the global climate in the last 40 years except by un-backed anti-science conjecture and ranting.

        We are waiting.. still. !!

        And please, something more than just chanting baseless AGW mantra. Everyone is well and truly over that load of garbage.

        1. SebastianH

          Gravity thermal effect is measured, observed, calculated, validated.

          Nope.

          No measurements, no observations, no calculations that have any reality, and certainly NO validation through evidence.

          Pigeon chess …

          Its a JOKE and you know it.

          I know that you are a joke, does that count?

          You can’t even say how CO2 has affected the global climate in the last 40 years except by un-backed anti-science conjecture and ranting.

          Sure I can, and I replied to your question multiple times now. You can even find this out for yourself without a science nanny if you just looked at the what scientists found out instead of staying in your weird anti-science reality bubble 😉

          The mantra chanting guy here is definetely not me, master troll.

          1. spike55

            Poor seb, he knows he can’t produce one bit of evidence for atmospheric CO2 warming anything.

            His headless chook distraction technique is tried and true.

            And very hilarious.

            Gravity thermal effect is measured, observed, calculated, validated.

            YEP, it sure has, every day.

            NONE of these things apply to the CO2 warming fallacy.

            No measurements, no observations, no calculations that have any reality, and certainly NO validation through evidence.

            NOPE, NONE.. produce that evidence if you think you have any.

            I replied to your question multiple times now.

            ROFLMAO… Now you are flat out LYING !!!

            You have NEVER replied to my questions except with meaningless yapping unsupported by any science, or any empirical evidence.

            Show us where you have replied with real evidence.. or stop being DISHONEST.

            try again , seb-troll.

            But answer with actual EVIDENCE not mindless cackling.

            Q1. In what way has the climate changed in the last 40 years, that can be scientifically attributable to human CO2 ?

            Q2. Do you have ANY EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE at all that humans have changed the global climate in ANYWAY WHATSOEVER?

          2. spike55

            “without a science nanny if you just looked at the what scientists found out instead”

            In your case, its science “ninny”. !!

            Where are these links to empirical evidence of what “scientists” found ?

            Totally absent so far.. its as though they are just a fantasy figment of your brain-hosed AGW gullibility

            I’m guessing you will continue to avoid producing any actual links to real empirical science. 😉

  14. RickWill

    This is simply proof that planet atmospheres behave as ideal gasses.

    It is quite clear that the mass of the atmosphere is not a constant nor is its specific heat. Both factors will alter the surface temperature in accordance with the ideal gas law.

    Most people understand that if ocean surface temperature increases then the atmospheric water vapour increases. Clearly that increases the atmospheric mass slightly and, more importantly, the specific heat of the atmosphere increases. According to the ideal gas law both factors are consistent with increased surface temperature. The atmospheric mass and thermal properties are not constant.

    The fact that the atmosphere behaves as an ideal gas leads to an interesting conclusion. In order for the surface temperature to rise there needs to be a change in atmospheric mass and/or specific heat. An increase in mass would be discernible as an increase in surface pressure. An increase in specific heat would need a change in the composition of the atmosphere. Neither of these factors have been observed. In fact the mass of water vapour in the atmosphere has declined so far this century.

    The climate models demonstrate a steadily increasing mass of atmospheric water vapour as required to satisfy the ideal gas law. The actual data does not show any increase over the last 18 years.

    1. SebastianH

      The fact that the atmosphere behaves as an ideal gas leads to an interesting conclusion. In order for the surface temperature to rise there needs to be a change in atmospheric mass and/or specific heat.

      What? You just need a big source of energy and start heating the gas. No need to change the mass of specific heat. It’s an ideal gas, remember?

      1. spike55

        “You just need a big source of energy”

        Ahh… you mean the SUN. !

        Well done. 🙂

        Why is it that the only time you are correct it is by ACCIDENT, seb-troll?.

        Then you ruin it by not knowing much anything about specific heat.

        Chemistry was a minor minor was it, in junior high ?

        1. SebastianH

          Ahh… you mean the SUN. !

          No.

          Why is it that the only time you are correct it is by ACCIDENT, seb-troll?.

          Why is it that you misunderstand everything on purpose in an attempt to get a response from your opponents. Are you so desperately grasping for attention that you need to resort to that strategy?

          1. spike55

            The sun is the ONLY big source of energy.

            Apart from gravity and the sun, what other big source of energy did you have in mind ???

            Why is it you are incapable of making a coherent comment??

            and then you make another feeble puerile attempt at putting your attention-seeking onto others.

            What is your purpose here, seb.

            .. because apart from wasting everybody’s time and space, you have been a massive FAILURE.

            .. and your troll-hole has continued to get a lot deeper as you dig further and further into your mental abyss.

          2. SebastianH

            The sun is the ONLY big source of energy.

            Apart from gravity and the sun, what other big source of energy did you have in mind ???

            Have you even read what I was replying to above?

            For the rest of your reply, I give you a big longish *siiiiiigh* … troll. Do you really think this is working? Well, you are getting my attention. Does that make you feel better?

          3. spike55

            So.. you have ZERO purpose… just your mindless trolling

            but we all know that.

            What is this “other” source of energy seb,

            Sun, gravity.. come on.. ANSWER THE QUESTION.

  15. Brian G Valentine

    I’m not so sure about this one, the “barometric formula” has a logical derivation starting from a Boltzmann statistical distribution, this does not. “Dimensional analysis” might point to some underlying physical relation (or at least suggest some important dimensionless parameters), but there is no reason that it has to.

    I don’t buy the “atmospheric Greenhouse effect” either, because there is no consistent way to define a “planetary temperature” – not from a radiation standpoint, anyway. As Gerlich and Tscheuschner have pointed out, there is no consistent method of defining a spatially averaged “mean temperature” using a relation that applies to black or gray body radiation. If that can’t be defined, neither can the “greenhouse effect.”

    1. cementafriend

      Clearly, you are not an engineer. i suggest that you go to a good library and read many of the chapters of the Chemical Engineering Handbook. Start with Chapter 3 on Mathematics where you will find something on Dimensional analysis (also taken in the section on statistics) You might then take in chapter 4 on Thermodynamics and chapter 5 on Heat and mass transfer. Please note the dimensionless numbers (from dimensional analysis) used in heat and mass transfer. Have you heard of the Nusselt Number, the Prandtl, the Schmidt Number (which Dr Gavin Schmidt of NASA knows nothing) etc
      Seb of course has no clue about these things. He has no understanding of measurements and the errors of measurement. Empirical questions can be valid over a range of measurements. Dimensional analysis can give a valid relation between variables and be useful for design over the range of measurement.

      1. Brian G Valentine

        so I guess i regret being a phd engineer and being told this

        The Schmidt number, the Reynolds number, the Prantdt number, .. come from dimensionalizing balances of mass transfer, linear momentum, convection heat transfer, …, respectively and ordering of the terms in these

        The given analysis comes from analysis of data and not first principles of conservation of anything. Think before you write

      2. John Brown

        Why Cementa being rude? No reason calling Brian clearly no engineer? Maybe he is engineer!
        Here problem is that using statistic is problem, same problem as compare weather with climate. If can explain lowest and highest temperature on one earth loacation, then better knowledge about thermodynamics than if try explain average for all surface.
        If can predict weather very good more sense than try predict climate.

        John ask, if determining factor for temperature is pressure, how comes temperature cold in Arctic? Same pressure? Almost same?
        Determining factor still is sun! Even Seb knows!
        Energy input determines temperature, cloud cover determines energy input. Many variables.

        Cold air more dense, would be higher pressure?

        If no energy input, air getting more and more dense. when too cold freezes or get liquid. Only energy input keeps it gaseous.

        CO2 active radiation, will receive energy from heat radiation directly. This alows CO2 mixing in atmosphere. same water vapour.

        This is why find C02 higher up in atmosphere still, it is more heavy so everyone thinks it should be only bottom. But it mixing due to radiation.

    2. SebastianH

      As Gerlich and Tscheuschner have pointed out […]

      They have been refuted so many times now, we stopped counting. Their law of thermodynamics arguments is nonsense and whatever they say about the greenhouse effect is nonsense as well.

      @cementafriend:

      Seb of course has no clue about these things.

      Right … as opposed to you?

      Dimensional analysis can give a valid relation between variables and be useful for design over the range of measurement.

      So when you see the equation e=mc² the Nikolov/Zeller way of doing such an analysis is to conclude that the speed of light is determined by mass and energy? Or – taking F=ma – that mass is determined by force and acceleration.

      Is that what “the pros” come up with when doing dimensional analysis? 😉

      1. Brian G Valentine

        Sebastian, their “thermodynamic” arguments have been misunderstood but refuted by no one.

        Here is a s simplified version of their thermodynamic argument: According to the Greenhouse idea, the upper atmosphere must cool, and the lower atmosphere warm, in response to this effect. There is no way to distinguish this from heat moving from a cold reservoir to a warm reservoir without expending work, in violation to a well known principle of thermodynamics.

        Solar energy cannot be considered a “heat engine” that performs the equivalent of work in this case – for that would be describing the transfer of heat by simultaneously heating the warm and cool reservoirs and expecting heat to move from the cooler to the warmer reservoir. The heat must move, at least by conduction, from the lower to the upper atmosphere

        Now don’t point to any “references” for a refutation, let’s hear YOUR OWN

        1. SebastianH

          Sebastian, their “thermodynamic” arguments have been misunderstood but refuted by no one.

          How could anyone refute that pressure and temperature are connected? It’s about the interpretation that this means temperature is the result of the pressure and energy input in this case … that’s been refuted!

          Here is a s simplified version of their thermodynamic argument: According to the Greenhouse idea, the upper atmosphere must cool, and the lower atmosphere warm, in response to this effect. There is no way to distinguish this from heat moving from a cold reservoir to a warm reservoir without expending work, in violation to a well known principle of thermodynamics.

          Just no! There is no violation, there is no heat flowing from cold to warm. Why do pseudoskeptics always imagine that this is what the greenhouse effect is supposed to do?

          expecting heat to move from the cooler to the warmer reservoir

          Nothing of that sort is happening! Is that how you imagine the greenhouse effect to be working?

          Put a 100 W light bulb into empty space. It will radiate away 100 W into the void and depending on its size have a certain surface temperature. Surround it by a sphere and you’ll observe the sphere will warm up until it radiates away 100 W towards the void, too. The surface of the light buld will also need to warm as that sphere is also radiating towards the light bulb requiring a higher output to stay at radiating a net 100 W towards the sphere.

          The cooler sphere is not heating the warmer light bulb and thus violating the laws of thermodynamics. It’s basic physics though and if you don’t understand this concept or argue that the greenhouse effect would violate the laws of thermodynamics then frankly, you are a disinformer.

          1. Brian G Valentine

            This sounds like a Willis E argument.

            Sebastian, you are referring to the conservation of energy, not “heat flowing from cold to hot”

            A 100 W incandescent light bulb radiates at a temp of about 3000 K (at rated voltage of the bulb), the glass surface of the bulb might be about 373 K when the surroundings dissipate the heat, a reflector surrounding the bulb is not going to increase the radiation temp above 3000 K but the glass surface will get hotter because it cannot dissipate the heat

            Quit using the Internet Sebastian you are using electricity from coal and causing global warming

          2. spike55

            pressure gradient, temperature gradient

            measurable, observed, on EVERY planet.

            CO2 warming.. nothing, nada, a NON-entity.

            And yet another mindless irrelevant FAILED analogy.

            So funny.

            The Earth is NOT surrounded by a sphere, seb

            get out of clown-cuckoo-land and

            GET BACK TO REALITY !!!

            is it even possible for you do that ??????

  16. Mike Haseler

    They use the same curve fitting technique, cherry picking of data and bogus inference as the alarmists use between “temperature” and CO2.

    1. SebastianH

      Nope, there is actually a physical mechanism involved “between temperature and CO2”. And they (N&Z) are not really using curve fitting, they simply show that the pressure at the surface of an atmosphere is what you’d expect from the average temperature and gravity for various planetary bodies. They wrongly conclude that it’s the pressure that sets the temperature though … just as you can’t vary the mass of an object by applying different forces while keeping the acceleration constant.

      1. spike55

        there is actually a physical mechanism involved between temperature and CO2””

        NO there is not

        There is absolutely no empirical evidence of that.

        Stop making up fantasies.

        1. SebastianH

          Just for clarification, what mechanism exactly are you disputing here? You surely know how the rest of us “fantasizes” this to be working, right? Care to give us a glimpse into the level of your understanding?

          1. spike55

            What “mechanism ” are you putting forward.??

            You have been unable to put forward a scientifically viable in the whole time you have wasted here.

            You have been totally unable to put forward any evidence that enhancing atmospheric CO2 causes any warming, or produce a rational scientifically proven mechanism for CO2 causing warming

            We have been waiting a LONG. LONG time..

            Waiting, waiting

            cue another mindless evasion/distraction from seb.

          2. spike55

            And no, I have no idea what your anti-science FANTASY “mechanisms” might be.

            Bizarre, warped and other-worldly, and not based remotely on reality or any empirical evidence..

            .. that is FOR SURE.

            You have shown that evidence is NOT something you are capable of producing.

        2. Yonason

          NEVER A STRAIGHT ANSWER

          Funny, isn’t it, spike, how the troll wants you to explain the mechanism that doesn’t exist, while he perpetually persists in refusing to explain what he thinks it is. Slippery little worm, ain’t he!

          1. SebastianH

            NEVER A STRAIGHT ANSWER

            Yep, he never answers anything people ask him. Yet he demands everyone to play the science nanny for him. Sad, to put it in his Trumpian way to express himself …

            Funny, isn’t it, spike, how the troll wants you to explain the mechanism that doesn’t exist, while he perpetually persists in refusing to explain what he thinks it is.

            Why should I explain to you how the mechanisms work, when everything is readily available? I want to know if you understand these mechanisms that you guys are arguing against. You must have some idea, otherwise how could you even begin to argue against it?

            To say it with the words of Aristotle:
            “It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.”

            So entertain that thought and show us how educated you are!

          2. spike55

            Seb’s TDS to the fore.. Oh dear, serious mental issues.

            “Why should I explain to you how the mechanisms work, when everything is readily available?”

            We are STILL waiting for a rational , provable scientific explanation of your FANTASY mechanism.

            You seem TOTALLY INCAPABLE of supplying one.

            “It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.”

            Then you are obviously LACK an educated mind.. just brain-hosed sludge.

            The only entertaining you are capable of is the slap-stick hilarity of your constant headless chook evasions and distractions from answering two simple questions….

            Q1. In what way has the climate changed in the last 40 years, that can be scientifically attributable to human CO2 ?

            Q2. Do you have ANY EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE at all that humans have changed the global climate in ANYWAY WHATSOEVER?

  17. Jim

    Interesting argument.
    As usual, they argue, that air pressure, gravity, and the star effect tempreture on the Earth. Such heracy. Almost sounds as if they found a 50’s textbook on science. Such unproven facts. Oh, then how does this extrapolate to wind, and weather patterns? Oops, corolis forces. Durn. How does this refer to the star, durn, variable star again. Unproven the UN says it’s value is a constant, never varies. But other stars do, ours is special, it’s face never changes.
    Oh yeah the tire experiment, after pumping up the tire, check the tempreture, then wait a while, check the tire again for pressure and tempreture. I’ll bet it changed thru heat loss. And varying the amount of air in does something also. So I wouldn’t ride the bike just yet.

  18. GFS: Frühwinter mit Schnee bereits Anfang Oktober 2018? – wobleibtdieglobaleerwaermung

    […] Climate Scientist Karl Zeller Sums Up The ‘Discovery’ That Pressure, Not CO2, Determines Planets… […]

  19. Kevin Terry

    Wow. Who would have thunk it. The pressure of a gas may actually indicate the gas temperature! I will have to dust off my 40 year old “refrigerant slide rule” now that the technology is back in vogue and the physics have been “discovered”.

  20. Stephen Wilde

    It is a rediscovery of old knowledge rather than a discovery of anything new.

    That said, I have not seen anyone produce a description of HOW it works in practice so I prepared just such a description some time ago:

    https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2017/06/15/stephen-wilde-how-conduction-and-convection-cause-a-greenhouse-effect-arising-from-atmospheric-mass/

    The reason why pressure is the key feature is that pressure determines the space between molecules and thus the ease with which conduction from surface to atmospheric mass can occur.

    More pressure leads to more conduction and thus a higher mass induced greenhouse effect.

    Imbalances introduced by radiative gases are neutralised by changes in conduction and convection.

    1. SebastianH

      More pressure leads to more conduction and thus a higher mass induced greenhouse effect.

      Imbalances introduced by radiative gases are neutralised by changes in conduction and convection.

      OMG … You are serious, aren’t you?

      1. spike55

        Well we know you ARE NOT serious, seb (except at your trolling.)

        As you are obviously TOTALLY INCAPABLE of understanding basic physics, perhaps you ought to stop your mindless trolling.

        Every word in that quoted statement is demonstrably TRUE.

        Conduction and convection govern the energy transfer in the lower atmosphere. Radiative absorption by radiative gases H2O, CO2 etc etc, last for a tiny fraction of second before they are thermalised to the rest of the atmosphere, and dealt with by that conduction and convection. Those radiative gases are just another conduit for energy transfer.

        And as shown by actual experiments, the radiative transfer of energy by CO2 is more rapid than by normal air.

        There is ZERO opportunity for warming by atmospheric CO2, which is why it has NEVER been observed or measured, and why you are INCAPABLE of producing such empirical data.

        Because it DOES NOT and CAN NOT EXIST.

        GET OVER IT, and accept REALITY for once in your purposeless troll-life

  21. Ron Clutz

    Many people think CO2 affects the atmospheric temperature profile, and climate models presume it, but effects from CO2 have yet to be detected in observations. For example, weather balloon records should show it, but they do not. This fact is an independent confirmation of the mass atmospheric thermal effect.

    “Atmospheric profiles in North America during the period 2010-2011, obtained from archived radiosonde measurements, were analysed in terms of changes in molar density (D) with pressure (P). This revealed a pronounced phase change at the tropopause. The air above the tropopause (i.e., in the tropopause/stratosphere) adopted a “heavy phase”, distinct from the conventional “light phase” found in the troposphere. This heavy phase was also found in the lower troposphere for cold, Arctic winter radiosondes.”

    “Reasonable fits for the complete barometric temperature profiles of all the considered radiosondes could be obtained by just accounting for these phase changes and for changes in humidity. This suggests that the well-known changes in temperature lapse rates associated with the tropopause/stratosphere regions are related to the phase change, and not “ozone heating”, which had been the previous explanation.”

    “Possible correlations between solar ultraviolet variability and climate change have previously been explained in terms of changes in ozone heating influencing stratospheric weather. These explanations may have to be revisited, but the correlations may still be valid, e.g., if it transpires that solar variability influences the formation of the heavy phase, or if the changes in incoming ultraviolet radiation are redistributed throughout the atmosphere, after absorption in the stratosphere.”

    “The fits for the barometric temperature profiles did not require any consideration of the composition of atmospheric trace gases, such as carbon dioxide, oxone or methane. This contradicts the predictions of current atmospheric models, which assume the temperature profiles are strongly influenced by greenhouse gas concentrations. This suggests that the greenhouse effect plays a much smaller role in barometric temperature profiles than previously assumed.”

    http://oprj.net/articles/atmospheric-science/19

  22. sunsettommy

    Tony Heller responded to this thread with this statement:

    “tonyheller says:
    September 25, 2018 at 1:14 pm
    It is astonishing to me that such an obvious and fundamental fact could have been ignored by climate scientists for so long.”

    https://realclimatescience.com/2018/09/north-pole-to-disappear-soon/#comment-144765

    1. spike55

      Sun,

      Its not politically correct, and absolutely DESTROYS the AGW agenda/scam.

      As we have seen many times,

      .. actual science CANNOT be allowed to intrude.

    2. SebastianH

      Well thank you relayer of messages and speaker in the third person. Let me tell you what the rest of the world finds astonishing: you guys falling for something like this … really. Read the comments. This even makes some people on your side come out and show that not everyone believes this nonsense (thank you), but the inner circle of course celebrates everything N&Z 🙂

      1. sunsettommy

        Sebastian,

        I haven’t bothered to read the N&Z hypothesis in depth at all since I am too busy debating warmist subhuman clods like you elsewhere. The abject ignorance and stupidity is especially vivid at a Political forum where they have an active ENVIRONMENT forum to debate in, amazingly they are nearly ALL leftists who are warmists there.

        Here is a recent example, a warmist comment and my reply:

        http://www.usmessageboard.com/threads/global-warming.709925/page-6#post-20849247

        http://www.usmessageboard.com/threads/global-warming.709925/page-6#post-20852429

        A few more after that where their counter replies are dead on arrival, then suddenly do what YOU do here, post dead stuff that becomes so ridiculous that people start laughing. They do that in thread after thread, then suddenly vanish when they realize they ran out of bullcrap to post anymore.

        Since I Know you to be a trolling proven resister of science reality, I can’t take YOU seriously anymore, because you are simply too stupid to notice that many are laughing at your obvious lies, fallacies, make up things and obvious lack of critical thinking.

        You lack awareness over the fact that many times, you get wiped out in debates, but unaware that it happened to you because YOU lack the needed critical thinking skills to notice it.

        Therefore don’t take my silence over what you write here as an endorsement that I agree with it, that is not what is going on, it is because you are too far gone to ever recover from terminal irrational thinking to bother responding to your laughable drivel anymore.

        I see that Spike and Kenneth are still vigorously responding to your drivel and putting up with your terminally dishonest replies, but eventually they will tire of your trolling and ban you.

        1. SebastianH

          I haven’t bothered to read the N&Z hypothesis in depth at all since I am too busy debating warmist subhuman clods like you elsewhere.

          Surprisingly “subhuman clod” doesn’t get moderated. Classy …

          Here is a recent example, a warmist comment and my reply:

          You are really full of yourself, aren’t you? The links don’t highlight any comment there so I assume you’ve got deleted for the vile behaviour of yours.

          They do that in thread after thread, then suddenly vanish when they realize they ran out of bullcrap to post anymore.

          People usually stay away from conversion with your kind because it is pointless. You don’t seem to realize that and interpret it as them giving up … #facepalm

          I can’t take YOU seriously anymore, because you are simply too stupid to notice that many are laughing at your obvious lies, fallacies, make up things and obvious lack of critical thinking.

          Nobody takes you seriously except your pseudoskeptic peers. I suppose people in that bubble can also laugh about stuff that others can’t. Get out of that bubble!

          I wonder how you survive in the real world. Do you have friends? Are you telling them about your weird opinion about how the world works? How are they reacting? Or is this an anonymous online only thing of yours?

          1. sunsettommy

            Sebastian,

            BOTH links works fine for me (others can check too) Even though you say you can’t see the comments, you make this statement out of the air anyway:

            “You are really full of yourself, aren’t you? The links don’t highlight any comment there so I assume you’ve got deleted for the vile behaviour of yours.”

            No they are still there and quite civil, here is the thread page:

            http://www.usmessageboard.com/threads/global-warming.709925/page-6#post-20849247

            comment #’s are: his 114, mine 117, someone else 118, mine 120 and more the last page.

            Moderators have no problem with me there, heck I get name called a lot, here is the latest one where I was Completely civil:

            Blackflag says:

            “Stop calling a man who attempts rape not a rapist. You piece of shit.”

            what he replied to:

            “DR. Ford NEVER claimed he raped her, stop calling him a rapist!”

            http://www.usmessageboard.com/threads/kavanaugh-ford-opinion-thread-merge-tuesday-sept-25th-2018.710826/page-10#post-20852679

            then expanded with a long completely civil comment using Dr. Fords own words from the letter, he suddenly vanish, no more replies to me.

            The rest of your replies are silly since YOU say you can’t see the comments, another assumption of yours goes wrong, plus the assumption that I am not taken seriously when I have one of the HIGHEST ratings on the board as a junior member, another assumption of yours going down in flames.

            “Sunsettommy
            Messages:1,845
            Ratings: 1645
            Points:80”

            The ratio of Ratings to message is unusually good

            You made FIVE assumptions without a shred of evidence to build on, then you end your comment with more evidence of your irrational thinking since you have NO evidence to draw from.

            I really wonder if YOU are that deficient in critical thinking, since most of your comment was based on NOTHING but assumption.

            Thank you for supporting my earlier comment about you. oh and one last thing, you complain about this:

            “Surprisingly “subhuman clod” doesn’t get moderated. Classy …”

            this from YOU who calls people DENIERS many times over many months, who have been caught red handed twisting quotes and more.

            You often have no class at all, but get approved over and over anyway, your complaint is hollow.

            This is my last reply to you here as this conversation is sliding well off topic.

            Cheers.

  23. 'Slayers' Confirmed: Pressure, Not CO2, Determines Planets' Temps | PSI Intl

    […] Read more at No Tricks Zone […]

  24. Pietje Mol

    It’s of course true this and very easy to see:

    Venus: 96% CO2, Very high pressure, close to sun: Hot
    Mars : 95% CO2, Very low pressure, far from sun : Cold

    Conclusion, it is not the % CO2 (composition) that makes those hot or cold, it is the pressura and the distance from the sun

  25. Bob Hoye

    About ten years ago I read a piece about adiabatic compression having a lot to do with the warmth at the Earth;s surface. It made sense to me.
    Having known about the temperature lapse rate of a about 3 F per 1,000 feet of elevation when ascending. That’s from when I joined the Varsity Outdoor Club in 1960.
    From time to time, I’ve seen it used to explain the high numbers recorded in Death Valley at some 300 feet below sea level.
    Recently saw a documentary on when the Straights of Gibralter closed preventing the flow from the Atlantic.
    Evaporation dropped the Mediterranean sea level to the floor at some 5,000 feet below sea level.
    The article included that with the lapse rate, temps would have got up to something like 170 F.
    Makes sense to me.

  26. Neogene Geo

    I have read NZ17 and found it entirely unconvincing. Radiative greenhouse theory is entirely capable of determining surface temperatures of all the rocky planets, without recourse to dimensional analysis to conclude that temperature has a pressure dependence ( duh…it’s called the ideal gas law).

    1. John Brown

      As the word “ideal” suggests its for idealized conditions.
      Are you suggesting the atmospheric conditions are ideal or not ideal?
      Which conditions have a non-ideal impact on the gas law?

      The radiative greenhouse theory is just that, a theory. Its also idealized, as it ignores to the full extend any other heat transfer options.
      As the name says its all about radiation.

      It therefore misses are the non-ideal conditions.

      Duh its called oversimplification.

  27. John Brown

    Kids! Whoever goes to university, please learn the difference and connection of Force and Energy. Also please understand what Work is.
    Make sure your physical models have a reference frame, and when you describe your model name the boundary conditions.
    Learn what a closed system is, what open system means and name the limits you impose on the system.
    Also make sure you know the four main states of matter.

    There is a constant compression and expansion in the Earth atmosphere.
    Gravity sets the lapse rate.

    Neither table and book nor a tire describe the atmospheric system near enough to draw a conclusion from it.

    If not here, where would one use the proper scientific terms?

    It has been long and it is painful to watch this further.

    SebH please take your own advise and go to the university of your choice and ask some real good questions.

    Why leave this to others?

    1. SebastianH

      Because everyone here is utterly confused about the things you just listed. I suppose you read what spike55 replied 🙂

      I mostly agree with the rest you wrote

      1. John Brown

        SebH not know constructive discussion.

        He needs include himself in confused or at least unable to properly communicate what he means and more so inline with the accepted basic physics.

        “I mostly agree with the rest you wrote”

        … gives John nothing to go on.

        Bye!

  28. James McGinn

    Climatology has certain traditions that it adopted from its parent discipline, meteorology. One of those traditions is that their theoretical aspects are based on conversation and not empiricism. Or, I guess we could say, the connection to empiricism is suggestive and not literal.
    In empirical sciences the experimental evidence comes first and the narrative follows. In conversational sciences the narrative comes first and its significance is interpreted by “experts.” No empiricism necessarily follows. And any empiricism that is externally applied is summarily dismissed if it disagrees with the “expert” opinion.
    In short, with conversational sciences like meteorology and climatology, truth is determined by consensus and authority.
    The public is naïve, gullible, and generally unaware that climatological conclusions, like global warming, are based on conversation and not empiricism.
    Exposing climatology as empirically inept won’t solve the problem since the conversational tradition is rooted in meteorology and not climatology.

    Read this for more:
    The ‘Missing Link’ of Meteorology’s Theory of Storms
    https://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=16329

  29. Jack Dale
    1. spike55

      No, Roy expressed his own opinion. A lot of what he says is based on conjecture.

      The IR meter at 45 thing for a start is just measuring the temperature of more of the warmer lower atmosphere, basic geometry. It is proof only of the temperature gradient.

      If pointed horizontally, it would read even higher, because it reads from lower in the thermal gradient.

      Net radiative heat transfer is always from warmer to cooler.

      There is no net heat transfer without there being a thermal difference.

      Gravity based pressure gradient creates that thermal difference.

      Therefore, radiative heat transfer is a product of the gravity induced thermal gradient, and it does not modify that thermal gradient.

      The only thing that modifies that thermal gradient is H2O with its latent heat capacity and changes of state.

      CO2 has essentially zero effect on the thermal gradient (adding CO2 increases the gradient by a tiny amount.. ie cooling) therefore has no possible warming effect on the atmosphere or anything else.

      A warming effect from atmospheric CO2 has never been observed or measured.

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. More information at our Data Privacy Policy

Close