By P Gosselin on 15. May 2021
By P Gosselin on 14. May 2021
and Pierre Gosselin
The April, 2021, mean temperature data collected by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) has been tabulated and are ready to be added to our monthly plots.
Today we look at the April mean temperature trends for stations which the JMA has sufficient data and which are located in northern countries. Global warming is thought to be first visible at the far northern and Arctic regions.
Alaska’s not warming
The JMA has enough data for plotting April mean temperature at 12 stations in Alaska since 1988. Here’s the latest plot.
Data source: JMA.
In total, 6 of 12 stations in Alaska (April) have no warming over the past 33 years. As a whole it cannot be argued that there’s been significant warming across Alaska in April.
Canada sees little April warming since 1987
In Canada, 6 of 9 stations for which the JMA has sufficient data have seen no warming since 1987:
Data source: JMA.
Finally we look at Sweden, home of global warming alarmist teenager, Greta Thunberg, who claims warming is an existential threat to mankind and that the planet is rapidly heating up. But here’s the latest April plot:
Someone might want to tell Greta that 4 of 6 stations in Sweden have seen NO WARMING in April since 1999.
Globe colder than when Greta was born (2003)
Even more significant, the globe has cooled considerably, by 0.75°C since the El Nino peak in 2016.
Version 6.0 global average lower tropospheric temperature (LT) anomaly for April, 2021 was -0.05°C, down from the March, 2021 value of -0.01°C.
Source: Dr. Roy Spencer
It’s indeed a bit ironic that the globe today is COLDER than when Greta was born, in January, 2003. As Dr. Spencer’s chart shows, global temperature anomaly was near +0.10°C. Last month it was 0.15°C colder (-0.05°C).
was born, Jan 3, 2003!
Some countries have been rushing implement measures that they think will curb warming. Maybe the rush is all about the lack of warming and that this is becoming further evident.
By Kenneth Richard on 13. May 2021
Fossilized evidence of temperate rainforests only hundreds of kilometers from Antarctica’s South Pole (82°S) has been uncovered. It suggests the warmest mean month was 18.5°C about 90 million years ago. Today the warmest mean month for this location is about -20°C.
Image Source: EarthSky (press release for Klages et al., 2020)
Despite rapidly rising CO2 concentrations, the Antarctic continent as a whole hasn’t warmed in the last 70 years (Singh and Polvani, 2020).
Image Source: Singh and Polvani, 2020
Scientists have determined that, for Central Antarctica, there is an increasingly negative greenhouse effect as CO2 concentrations rise (Schmithüsen et al., 2015). This means that the more humans emit CO2 by burning fossil fuels, the colder Antarctic temperatures get. The Northern Hemisphere also has a “comparatively weak” near-zero CO2 greenhouse effect for the Arctic (Greenland). These near-zero to negative CO2 greenhouse effect conditions are opposite the (modeled) expectation that rising CO2 amplifies warming in polar climates.
Image Source: Schmithüsen et al., 2015
A fascinating but largely overlooked 2020 Nature study (Klages et al., 2020) reported Antarctica’s dinosaur-age climate was forested and about as warm as southern New Zealand’s today for the region just 500 miles (900 km) from the South Pole (82°S).
Image Source: Klages et al., 2020
The authors indicate low latitude sea surface temperatures “probably reached ~35°C” during the Turonian to Santonian stages roughly 94 to 84 million years ago (Ma), which is 10s of degrees Celsius warmer than present.
For 82°S, the site of this study, mean annual temperatures reached 13°C about 90 Ma. River and lake temperatures reached 20°C in summer and there was “dense vegetation across Antarctica with little or no ice sheet present” (press release). The warmest mean month’s temperature was as high as 18.5°C, which is about 38°C warmer than today’s at this location.
Other climate reconstructions indicate Antarctica’s mean annual temperatures ~2,500 km north of 82°C ranged from 15-21°C from 89-84 Ma. Consequently, with a substantially diminished Antarctic ice sheet, global sea levels are thought to have been about 170 meters higher than today’s during this period.
Oddly, Klages et al. contend CO2 is a driver of Antarctica’s climate in their study. They assert higher CO2 concentrations (i.e., 1,000 ppm) actually lead to substantial warming, not cooling. Apparently these scientists are not aware that rising CO2 concentrations have been determined to elicit a negative greenhouse effect (a cooling influence) for central Antarctica (Schmithüsen et al., 2015).
Or perhaps the fundamental science isn’t settled.
By P Gosselin on 12. May 2021
On April 29th, Germany’s Constitutional Court ruled that the country’s 2019 Climate Protection Act is in part unconstitutional and the judges ordered the legislature to draw up clearer reduction targets for greenhouse gas emissions for the period after 2030, and to do so by the end of next year.
The judges ruled that the 2019 Act is too lax and that it thus denies the younger generations a humane future!
The complaint was originally filed by a group of nine mostly young people, who were supported by several environmental associations, including Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND) and Fridays for Future. They criticized the 2019 law, saying it did not go far enough to limit climate change. and thus it violated their fundamental right to a humane future. Surprisingly, the Court ruled in their favor.
And not surprisingly, environmental groups and climate activists cheered the German Constitutional Court’s ruling.
Meanwhile, there’s been lots of backlash coming from the other direction since. Some are calling the Constitutional Court’s ruling unconstitutional. For example, Jan Grossarth wrote an excellent article German news daily WELT on May 5, 2021, titled “The Doomsday Judges of Karlsruhe”.
At the European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE), Dr. Günter Keil commented on WELT’s article by Grossarth who concluded the that the Court’s ruling is “a devastating verdict” with a frightening objective: “The re-education of the population to a supposedly climate-friendly lifestyle” and with it “coercive measures required to achieve this”.
Court ignored intense scientific dispute
EIKE’s Dr. Keil also criticized that the Federal Constitutional Court used as a basis only a single “opinion of the German Council of Experts on the Environment (SRU). Nothing else.”
The Court ignored that the science behind climate change is still very much in dispute.
Ignored there is no consensus
Here Keil mentions, for example, the great number of scientists who refute the idea there’s a climate emergency and that young people face an inhumane future. For example:
- The World Climate Declaration by 700 scientists and experts titled “There is no Climate Emergency’ of October 18, 2019.
- The “Global Anthropogenic Warming Petition” by more than 90 Italian scientists of July 19, 2019.
- The petition of Prof. Richard Lindzen and 300 eminent persons of February 27, 2017 to President Trump that led to the denunciation of the Paris Climate Agreement.
- The Heiligenroth Climate Manifesto of September 15, 2007 with 342 signatures.
- The petition from “Scientists from around the world” to the EU administration – from 300 independent climate scientists and professionals.
- The letter from 200 scientists of August 12, 2009 to UN Secretary General Ban-Ki-Moon.
“The Federal Constitutional Court itself inadvertently criticized its own ignorance of the well-known massive scientific criticism of the CO2 theory with its sentence in its ruling: ‘If there is scientific uncertainty about environmentally relevant causal relationships, the Constitutional Law Article 20a imposes a special duty of extra care on the legislature.’ This court apparently feels it does not need to observe that due diligence,” Keil comments at EIKE.
There is unmistakable evidence of ongoing massive criticism of the doomsday theory, which makes it very clear: There is no consensus on this issue – only hard confrontation. And even a consensus would not be enough: Proof would still be lacking – and that by experiment repeatable by third parties. This very contentious debate )necessary and usual in science) now has a rather long history and its harshness so obvious that actually nobody can act clueless about it.
However, the court ignored all critical statements from the international scientific community and chose only the assessments of the SRU as the basis for its judgment. An incomprehensible, but also very significant omission. It is undoubtedly a deliberately wrong judgment, which is capable of causing immense damage to the country and especially to the future generations addressed. Now the Federal Constitutional Court would actually have to take care of the constitutional protection.
What would now be necessary is the dismissal of all court members. Preferably with the face-saving Japanese method of getting rid of failures in higher positions by appointing them – while continuing to pay them good salaries – as breakfast directors in subordinate authorities.”
German judges now have taken it upon themselves to rule on science and to form future policy. They need go back to interpreting and upholding the existing laws.
Fridays For Israel-Free Future! Climate Activists “Spread Anti-Israel-Propaganda”…Greta Silent “On Hail Of Rockets”
By P Gosselin on 11. May 2021
Emerging leftist hate…international climate activist group Fridays for Future joins Greta Thunberg in spreading anti-Israel sentiments.
Germany’s most popular daily, among many others, Bild here reports that after climate Greta Thunberg icon shared an anti-Israel message from Canadian Israel boycotter Naomi Klein (51) to her 5 million followers, Fridays for Future also has joined in.
— Greta Thunberg (@GretaThunberg) May 10, 2021
The anti-Israel activist Klein accuses Israel of “one war crime after another.”
Klein is a follower of the BDS campaign (Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions), which is considered anti-Semitic by numerous Jewish organizations and other critics. The German Bundestag even condemned the BDS campaign in 2019 by a large majority.
Thunberg silent on Hamas rain of rockets
But that doesn’t seem to sway Thunberg, who has come out showing no concerns over the safety of Israelis as hundreds of rockets fired by Hamas rained down on them.
“Not a word on the rocket-error climate gets mentioned by Greta,” Bild wrote. “Greta Thunberg (18) joins the Middle East debate – and refuses to show solidarity with Israeli civilians in a hail of rockets!”
FFF joins in on anti-Israel propaganda
Now also the climate activist organization “Fridays For Future“ has joined Greta – spreading anti-Israeli propaganda by Paliroots.
Fridays for Israeli-Feee Future?
“The representatives of the international ‘Fridays for Future’ organization shared a series of Instagram content, all of which referred to Palestinian propaganda portals inciting hatred against Israel,” Bild reports. ‘The ‘Palestinian Youth Movement’ page features a map declaring the entire territory of Israel to be Palestine – denying the Jewish state’s right to exist: ‘This is Palestinian land.'”
Germany’s Fridays for Future organization remained mostly silent on the anti-Semitic outbursts from its sister organization, failing to condemn the hostile rhetoric.
German Islamism expert Ahmad Mansour (44) has accused FFF of sympathizing “with the underdog here out of naivety” and adds this demonstrates “how quickly this one-sided view could reproduce anti-Semitic images.”
By Kenneth Richard on 10. May 2021
It was previously thought the northern limit for Southern Hemisphere sea ice was 55°S. But recent declines in surface air temperatures in southernmost South America have led to sea ice formation creeping 80 to 100 kilometers further north than previous estimates. Since 2000, sea ice has been extending well into 54°S.
The southernmost tip of South America has experienced rapid cooling in the last several centuries. In “the most recent decades” the climate has deteriorated to the coldest sea surface temperatures of the last 10,000 years (Bertrand et al., 2017).
Image Source: Bertrand et al., 2017
Not only has the sea ice around Antarctica been advancing in recent decades in tandem with Southern Ocean cooling (Fan et al., 2014), but the entire Southern Hemisphere’s sea ice extent has been creeping northwards since the 1970s (Comiso et al., 2017).
Image Source: Comiso et al., 2017
A new study (Salame et al., 2021) reports Southern Hemisphere sea ice has been creeping so far northwards since 2000 it now extends well into the 54°S southern Chilean fjords, perhaps 80 to 100 km further north than the NSIDC’s previous extension limit estimates (55°S).
The daily mean air temperatures in South America’s southernmost fjords fell below 0°C during 74% of the four months from June to September in 2015. Similar extended cold periods occurred throughout the 2000-2017 temperature record for this region.
These sustained sub-zero °C temperatures are considered the main reason sea ice has been forming during recent decades in all 13 of the Cordillera Darwin fjords analyzed.
Image Source: Salame et al., 2021
By P Gosselin on 9. May 2021
Regular NoTricksZone contributor Kenneth Richard tweeted about an inconvenient 2013 Live Science showing that the Medieval Warm Period was as warm or even warmer than today in the area of Juneau, Alaska.
Activist scientists than declared they had to get rid of the embarrassing Medieval Warm Period and so had it replaced by Michael Mann’s notoriously flawed “hockey stick chart” in the 2001 third assessment report. They claimed the 1990 chart was indicative of only the North Atlantic region, and not the globe.
Today, though, we know that there are hundreds of papers out there confirming Medieval Warm Period was indeed global, and not just a local phenomenon.
Trees under Alaska glacier
Kenneth’s tweet features a 2013 Live Science article on how an ancient forest had been exposed “for the first time in more than 1,000 years.” by the thawing of Alaska’s Mendenhall Glacier near Juneau.
Firstly, Alaska is not located in the North Atlantic, but the North Pacific, so warmer conditions did in fact exist beyond the North Atlantic 1,000 years ago.
Climate propaganda exposed again
If that weren’t embarrassing enough, Live Science also claimed that the locals near Juneau were worrying about rising sea levels because the glaciers have been melting. Yet, as Kenneth demonstrates, “sea level rise” is the last thing that the folks near Juneau need to be concerned about. As the chart shows, relative sea level near Juneau has been dropping rapidly. Crazy what some media report.
Globally, coastal sea level rise as measured by tide gauges is coming in only at 1.7 mm/ year – only about half the the rate of that measured by satellite altimetry and equal to that of the 20th century.
By P Gosselin on 8. May 2021
At Die kalte Sonne, Prof. Fritz Vahrenholt – one of the founders of Germany’s modern environmental movement – presents his monthly summary, which includes a look at global temperature and how the models are doing.
Prof. Dr. Fritz Vahrenholt, Source: GWPF.
“The global mean temperature deviation of satellite-based measurements from the mean of the 1991 – 2020 period was -0.05 degrees Celsius in April 2021. Nevertheless, German courts have ruled that something has got to be done about the warming planet!
Global temperature curve in April 2021
The cool La Niña situation over the recent months is still having an effect. According to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), there is an 80% probability that La Niña will end between May and July. However, the agency expects a new La Niña to begin again in the fall.
The average temperature increase has been 0.14 degrees Celsius per decade. The model calculations, on which the IPCC’s recommendations are based, come up with a temperature increase that is twice as high for the same period (see chart below, source: R. Spencer 2021).
This striking deviation from the real temperature development is politically significant, because model forecasts are the basis for far-reaching decisions, such as constitutional court rulings.”
Fantastic Findings: German Study Shows Added CO2 Has Led To 14% More Vegetation Over Past 100 Years!
By P Gosselin on 7. May 2021
Almost everyone with even just a fraction of a science education knows Co2 is fertilizer to vegetation and that the added 100 or so ppm in our atmosphere over the past decades have been beneficial to plant growth and thus led to more greening of the continents.
Yet, some alarmists still sniff at this fact, or deny it.
More trees (+7%) and vegetation (+14%)
In the 34th climate video, Die kalte Sonne here reports on a recent German study by Merbach et al that looks at the question of just how beneficial the added CO2 has been to plant growth globally.
The authors’ findings: Over the past 100 years, there has been increased global vegetation growth.
“The global vegetation cover increased approximately 11- 14%, of which 70% can be attributed to the increased CO2 in the atmosphere,” reports Die kalte Sonne on the findings.
Another result: “Since 1982, the inventory of trees has increased more than 7%”.
Crop yields will rise by up to 15% by 2050
The news gets even better, the scientists show. Food production is expected to surge due to the increased amounts of CO2:
Chart source: Cropped here.
As the diagram above shows, crops such as soy bean (Soja), wheat (Weizen), rice (Reis) and corn (Mais) will surge as CO2 concentration rises to 550 ppm by 2050, thus lending a huge hand in feeding the planet’s growing population, which could reach 10 billion by mid century.
Germany: more than 30% higher crop yields since 1990
Another example cited is Germany: “From 1990 to 2015 in Germany, crop yields for wheat, barley, corn and potatoes rose more than 30%, which the researchers attribute in part to the higher CO2 concentrations,” Die kalte Sonne reports.
“The authors hope that the CO2-related crop yield increase will secure the food and feedstuffs production and contribute to feeding the world’s growing population.”
The study appeared in the Journal of Land Management, Food and Environment at the end of 2020.
By Kenneth Richard on 6. May 2021
It’s considered canonical that global-scale atmospheric levels of CO2 from thousands of years ago can be precisely discerned just by examining air bubbles in ancient snow and ice from Antarctica. But an examination of the CO2 levels in modern snow and ice shows there are gigantic discrepancies between the measurements of CO2 in ice versus the atmosphere.
We know from 20th century observations that the snow that falls on the surface of polar climates can, within decades, be entombed far below the surface as compact glacial ice. For example, a plane that landed on the surface snow of the Greenland ice sheet in 1942 was recovered with more than 100 meters of ice accumulation piled atop it (AVweb, 2018).
Image Source: AVweb, 2018
Since 1973, Barrow, Alaska has been one of the few sites on Earth where global atmospheric CO2 has been systematically monitored. In the last 50 years, CO2 has risen from about 325 ppm to today’s 415 ppm.
But the CO2 measurements in the Barrow snow (16 meters above the surface) show CO2 ranges from 800 to 2100 ppm (Coyne and Kelley, 1974) at this site. The CO2 levels in Barrow snow can even fluctuate by as much as 900 ppm in a span of 2 hours. Neither one of these conditions are compatible with what happens with atmospheric CO2 concentrations.
Image Source: Coyne and Kelley, 1974
Atmospheric CH4 (methane) concentrations are said to average 1.8 ppm today, more than double (0.7 ppm) what they were in the last century. In the High Arctic, however, CH4 levels reach 600 ppm and CO2 can be as high as 3,800 ppm in the surface snow, fluctuating by 100s of ppm within distances of centimeters (Pirk et al., 2016).
Image Source: Pirk et al., 2016
Seasonal snowpack exposed to meadow soil has CO2 concentrations fluctuating between 8,400 and 10,000 ppm from one year to the next in Colorado (Liptzin et al., 2009). CO2 ranges from 600 to 1,800 ppm in Wyoming, changing by 200 ppm at the same location within a matter of days (Massman and Frank, 2006).
Image Source: Liptzin et al., 2009
Image Source: Massman and Frank, 2006
At varied depths, Greenland ice has CO2 ranging from 357 to 641 at 20 meters and 243 to 436 ppm at 70 meters (Schwander et al., 1993).
Image Source: Schwander et al., 1993
In other Greenland ice samples, differences in melt layer contributions allows CO2 to fluctuate between 300 and 684 ppm within a 0.39 m ice core, with the mean concentration 660 ppm (Stauffer et al., 1985).
Image Source: Stauffer et al., 1985
CO2 in glacier ice from Norway has concentrations “three times those of air in the upper ice” (~850 to 1,100 ppm), with variations dependent on the sample locations (Coachman et al., 1958).
Image Source: Coachman et al., 1958
The “bubbles in Greenland icebergs” has CO2 readings of 1,500 to 2,100 ppm at some of the 25 assessed locations, then dipping to below 300 ppm at other sites (Scholander et al., 1961).
Image Source: Scholander et al., 1961
Glaciers in the Alps have atmospherically identical gas concentrations for N2, O2, and Ar (78%, 21%, and 09%, respectively), but the CO2 levels in alpine glacier ice is “approximately 50 times as great as in air” (Weiss et al., 1972). In fact, the CO2 concentrations ranged up to 18,200 and 70,100 ppm in some samples.
Image Source: Weiss et al., 1972
Antarctica is said to be the source of the most reliable and accurate ice core evidence for paleo CO2 measurements. And while the N2, O2, and Ar gas percentages are atmospherically consistent, the CO2 concentrations range from 840 to 2,900 ppm in modern Antarctic glaciers and icebergs (Matsuo and Miyake, 1966).
Worse, scientists report “the CO2 content in Greenland glacier ice is significantly higher (from 1.0 to 16.3%) than in Antarctic ice.” To clarify, that’s 10,000 to 163,000 ppm for CO2 measurements from Greenland ice.
Image Source: Matsuo and Miyake, 1966
Another assessment comparing gas concentrations in Antarctic versus Greenland ice also unearthed massive discrepancies. Again, while N2, O2, and Ar percentages were atmospherically identical in both Greenland and Antarctic ice, CO2 was substantially different, with “the Camp Century value (0.35 percent) [3,500 ppm] being greater than that of the station Byrd (0.13 percent)” [1,300 ppm] (Demas, 1977).
Thousands of years old (Holocene) ice cores had CO2 values rising to levels of 5,500, 5,900, 6,700 ppm, and 7,400 ppm at Camp Century (Greenland).
Image Source: Delmas, 1977
All these wildly disparate CO2 readings from modern and ancient ice at locations throughout the globe beg this question:
If the modern concentrations of CO2 measured in ice do not even remotely resemble the atmospheric concentrations of CO2, why is it assumed that thousands of years old ice accurately represents thousands of years old atmospheric CO2 concentrations?
By P Gosselin on 5. May 2021
To find out what the global snowfall trend has been, the hotshot data analyst diligently downloaded all available monthly NASA images from 1980 to 2020 (inclusive), such as the one shown below, and then converted the pixel colors back to data using the provided scale.
Image source: Zoe Phin.
It seems NASA does not make this data directly available, or at least makes it almost impossible to find, and so for Zoe it was the only way for her to extract the dataset.
“As far as I know, you will not see this anywhere else,” she notes at her site.
Global snowfall rises 3% since 1980
After crunching all the data, here’s the global snowfall trend that emerges:
Snowfall in decigrams/m2/s. Chart: Zoe Phin
Lo and behold, “snowfall has increased by nearly 3 percent over the last four decades,” she concludes. Globally it went from 0.2773 to 0.2854 decigrams/m2/s, which is +2.90% more.
More snow in the south, less in the north
Zoe also broke it down into the northern and southern hemispheres. First we look at the northern hemisphere:
Australia Transport Authority Says “No” To Tesla Battery-Powered Truck…Too Big Due To Gigantic Batteries?
By P Gosselin on 4. May 2021
By AR Göhring (EIKE)
Did you know that TESLA also manufactures an e-truck? But Australia now refused to approve the “Semi”.
We recently reported on the Nikola company’s hydrogen truck. Engineers and other experts have doubts about the concept because the extremely volatile gas requires significantly more complicated technology and a whole new infrastructure that doesn’t even begin to exist. What that means for transportation costs is easy to calculate.
Australia says “no”
We have already looked at similarly entertaining concepts such as solar roofs or high-voltage overhead lines over highways. But it gets even better: While it has long been known that electrical energy is best used for lighting and computing, it is not best used for wheel traction and heating, because efficiency goes down and costs go up (which is why the EU has abolished powerful home vacuum cleaners, for example).
Vehicle too big – likely because of the large batteries
Nevertheless, Elon Musk and his company Tesla manufactures not only luxury cars, but now semi-trucks. The model, which is not exactly shapely, is probably quite lavish in size due to its gigantic batteries, which is why the Australian traffic authority has refused to grant it an approval. The theoretical performance data suggest a large battery: 480 to 800 km range.
Photo by Korbitr – https://imgur.com/a/INiuj, public domain image, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67201963
The Semi is slightly wider than the maximum permitted 2.50 meters. But rather than comply, Tesla demanded a change in Australian rules:
The Commission will be aware that given Australia’s small size in comparison to global markets, inconsistencies like this between Australian regulations and larger markets will delay or preclude vehicles coming to local markets. Currently, Australia will likely miss out on the first generation of electric heavy vehicles such as the Tesla Semi because of this.”
“Not very trustworthy” claims by Tesla
So pressure with the economic argument?
The Semi is said to have 20% lower operating costs than a comparable diesel – a claim that is not very trustworthy unless you factor in lavish subsidies. And it is not emission-free either, since the electricity comes from coal or nuclear power plants (and certainly not from the numerous Australian solar and wind power plants).
Read more here.