New Study: 3500 Years Ago Shorelines Were 6 Kilometers Further Inland Than Today Around Thailand

New Study: 3500 Years Ago Shorelines Were 6 Kilometers Further Inland Than Today Around Thailand

Relative sea level change over the Holocene documents a much warmer past than today.

Because it was so much warmer during the Early to Middle Holocene (~8000 to ~4000 years ago), there was significantly less water locked up on land (Greenland, Antarctica) in the form of ice sheets and glaciers. Instead, this water occupied ocean basins, explaining the meters-higher-than-present relative sea levels (RSL).
Indeed, the reason sea levels were 2-3 m higher than today (and the shoreline tens of kilometers further inland relative to today) along the Persian Gulf ~6000 years ago was “almost wholly the consequence of the water-load term” (Lambeck, 1996).
Now another new study (Ballian et al, 2024) reveals sea levels were 2-5 m higher than present 4000-7000 years ago in the tropics (Thailand) before they gradually fell to present levels over the last millennia. These higher sea levels are evidenced by beach ridges dated to 3500 years at 4 m elevations found 6 km inland from current shorelines.
Image Source: Ballian et al, 2024

A similar study for this region was published a few years ago (Oliver and Terry, 2019) revealing oyster fossil remains are encrusted into shoreline rock meters above the current water level, providing evidence sea surface temperatures were 2.6°C warmer than today and sea levels were “between 3.8 m ±0.1 m and 2.5 ±0.1 m above present day” along the coasts of Thailand during the Mid-Holocene.

Image Source: Oliver and Terry, 2019

Green Movement Is Failing…Now They’re Trying To Force Citizens To Love Them

Like an abusive husband, who beats his wife to make her love him

Image: Freepik 

Today, especially in Germany, the socialist-green movement is failing miserably and plummeting in the polls – to record low levels. Desperate, socialist-green governments in Europe are now resorting to heavy-handed tactics to force citizens to “like” them again.

Growing censorship, opposition bans

For example, the EU has just enacted the Digital Services Act (Regulation (EU), which is a regulation regarding “illegal content, transparent advertising, and disinformation”.

Meanwhile, Germany is pushing to enact a draconian Democracy Security Act, designed to seriously curb online speech and obliterate opposition.

Will backfire

As well-intentioned as these new laws may sound, they are all designed to distract for the huge problems the green movement is causing and to stifle opposition and free speech. It’s an abusive relationship that’s never going to work.

Like a husband who beats his wife, the beatings will probably just get worse the more he gets rejected by her. That’s how things are getting in Germany. Industry is headed to the intensive care unit and the green movement is failing. Some examples follow:

Electric vehicles being rejected

Blackout News here reports how German software giant SAP “no longer wants to use Tesla electric cars as company cars in future.” and is “removing the electric car manufacturer from its list of suppliers”.

Car rental companies Sixt and Hertz also no longer want Tesla, announcing “they would be significantly reducing the proportion of electric vehicles in their large fleets.”

Cuts at German Ford plant

In another article, Blackout News reports that Ford is cutting 3500 of 4500 jobs at its Saarloius, Germany plant, citing a “restructuring program.” Deindustrialization is accelerating in Germany.

Production slowdown at Opel

German car manufacturer Opel has announced reduced work-hours at its Eisenach plant “due to low demand” as a “direct response to falling demand for the Opel Grandland SUV, which is offered in variants including an innovative plug-in hybrid.”

e-vehicle market forecast to fall 14% in 2024!

Finally Blackout News reports that the German government’s target of selling 15 million vehicles by 2030 is “completely utopian”, citing experts who are in fact forecasting a 14% decline in the electric car market by 2024.”

New Study: Climate Models Get Water Vapor Wildly Wrong – A ‘Major Gap In Our Understanding’

“Here, we have demonstrated a major discrepancy between observation-based and climate model-based historical trends in near-surface atmospheric water vapor in arid and semi-ari regions.” – Simpson et al., 2024

A new study published in PNAS has demonstrated, once again, that climate models fail to simulate what happens in the real world with regard to fundamental climate change variables like water vapor. This is a devastating finding, as water vapor is the most significant greenhouse gas due to its alleged “feedback” capacity, accelerating warming well beyond what CO2 is said to be capable of alone.

The authors do not understate the significance of this climate modeling failure.

“This represents a major gap in our understanding and in climate model fidelity that must be understood and fixed as soon as possible in order to provide reliable hydroclimate projections for arid/semi-arid regions in the coming decades.”

Per state-of-the-art climate models, specific humidity (SH) should increase as a consequence of CO2-induced global warming. But 40 years of observations (1980-) show no increasing SH trend over arid/semi-arid regions.

Per state-of-the-art climate models, relative humidity (RH) should decline slightly as a consequence of CO2-induced global warming. But 40 years of observations (1980-) show not a slight declining trend, but a declining trend that is “about an order of magnitude more than the models on average.” In other words, the climate models are wrong by a factor of 10.

Image Source: Simpson et al., 2024

A few years ago another study documented how wildly wrong 102 state-of-the-art climate models have been with regard to a 60-year temperature trends (1958-2017) over tropical regions.

The models say the tropical warming rate should have been nearly 3 times larger than the observations show – “0.389 ± 0.173°C per decade (models) and 0.142 ± 0.115°C per decade (observed)” – due to the assumed feedback response to CO2 forcing over warm regions. Instead, there is a “clear and significant tendency on the part of the models to overstate warming.”

These authors also do not understate the significance of this modeling failure. Climate models are not even realistic.

“Instead, we observe a discrepancy across all runs of all models, taking the form of a warming bias at a sufficiently strong rate as to reject the hypothesis that the models are realistic.”

“[T]he major hypothesis in contemporary climate models, namely, the theoretically based negative lapse rate feedback response to increasing greenhouse gases in the tropical atmosphere, is incorrect.”

There may be no other branch of physical science with model-observation discrepancies (failures) this profound, this fundamental.

Image Source: McKitrick and Christy, 2018

Largescale Solar Parks Just Can’t Withstand The Harsh Elements of Nature

Planners and governments keep denying vulnerability. 

Europe is still considering massive solar energy plants along sun-rich North Africa in order to produce hydrogen gas that could be piped over the European mainland, despite having concluded 10 years ago that such projects wouldn’t pay off.

In the latest push, Federal Minister for Economic Affairs Robert Habeck (Greens) visited Algeria earlier this month. The focus was on a “southern H2 corridor”, according to the Frankfurter Rundschau here.

The move highlights how desperate Germany has become in terms of energy supply.

Not only is the North African region politically unstable, but it is plagued by extremely harsh climatic conditions and sand storms. Green energy dogmatists have a habit of unrealistically thinking green energy systems are robust and low maintenance. In fact, they are very vulnerable to weather events, as they cannot be protected by a statically sound roof.

Largescale solar parks are pie-in-the-sky

Check out the fate of this 1 billion dollar Nevada project:

Though it appears to be operating today, the costs have been extremely high.

And recall how back in June, 2023, hailstorms in Nebraska smashed a 14,000-panel 4.375 MW ac solar facility to pieces. thus underscoring the fragility of solar power generation systems:

You’d think planners would have learned by now.

Germany Moving to Authoritarianism “Those Who Mock State, Must Have To Deal With Powerful State”

Germany’s online here reports on the totalitarianism spreading across Germany

This week, high ranking ministers of Germany’s socialist/green government, with its proposed “Democracy Security Act”,  announced plans to crack down on dissent and free speech in Germany.

Image: Phoenix, cropped here

“The German federal government is moving to ban what we want to say, the secret service wants to control what we think. They say it so openly so that we are afraid. What has happened this week is historic,” reports here.

Legal speech would be punishable

German Family Minister Lisa Paus (Greens) said that with the new “Democracy Security Act”, they would also pursue even online hate speech that falls “below the threshold of criminal liability”. That means that even if the “hate” speech does not meet the criminal standard, the German police forces could still come knocking on your door!

Mocking the state will be punishable

Meanwhile Germany’s Minister of the Internal Security, Nancy Faeser, Socialist party, said that citizens must no longer be allowed to even mock the government, once a cornerstone of democracy and free speech.

She told at a press conference: “Now we urgently need the Democracy Security Act, that’s what I’m calling for. We have to strengthen the civil institutions with their work against extremism. In my view, the German Parliament must pass this act. Those who mock the state must have to deal with a powerful state.”

Head of the Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Thomas Haldenwang, added he would unleash the power of his office against statements that are not even punishable. “Yes, that’s right, it has no relevance under criminal law, but it is still a threat to the welfare of the state.” and words that could endanger the welfare of the state.

Government overreach

“It is not you who should still decide how you meant your own words, but the Office for the Protection of the Constitution. It’s no longer about what we say, it’s suddenly about what Thomas Haldenwang wants to have heard, reports “From now on, Thomas Haldenwang wants to decide which words are “endangering the welfare of the state.”

The “Democracy Security Act” aims to clamp down on – among other things – disinformation and hate speech in the Internet.

Critics say, however, say the act goes to far and would violate Germany’s Constitution, and so is in itself a threat to democracy. Others say the act is more about forbidding government opposition, dubbing it the Government Protection Act.

New Study: Denmark Coast Has Been Expanding Seaward At A Rate Of +1.4 Meters Per Year Since 1900

Scientists have found evidence that the coastal land area grew (prograded) by 120 meters from 1900 to 1985 at a study site in central Denmark. 

Per a new study, relative sea levels (RSL) in central Denmark were “~4.5 m higher than present between c. 6.6 and 5.9 ka ago.” After this highstand, RSL declined towards the present.

The 20th century rates of coastal expansion and retreating seas were similar to the declining RSL and progradation rates reached in the Middle Holocene.

Image Source: Riis et al., 2024

Raw Deal: Germany’s Minister Of Agriculture Proposes Tax On Meat

Under the bottom line, the green movement is all about taxing people and restricting their choices. The rich, of course, will go unaffected. 

According to online Bild here, Germany’s Federal Agriculture Minister, Cem Özdemir, (Green Party) has recently proposed a consumption tax on meat. He calls this tax “animal welfare cents”.

Özdemir sent a framework paper to the coalition government where he recommends a consumer tax on meat.

“The main aim is to generate tax revenue for agricultural and food policy projects. Özdemir sees this step as an opportunity to financially support important projects in the field of sustainable agriculture,” reports Blackout News here. “In particular, meat, meat products, edible offal and processed products containing a certain proportion of these products are to be taxed.”

Food inflation was at double digit rates over much of the past 2 years, and a meat tax will only further exacerbate the inflationary spiral. Germany’s policy on energy has made energy there among the most expensive in the world, and has led to a series of price increases through the entire supply chain.

“A few cents per kilo” 

The planned amount of the meat tax remains unknown, but the talk has been of a modest amount in the range of “a few cents per kilo.”

Özdemir “wants it to do long-term good for agriculture and the environment” and he “views the levy as an important investment in the future,” reports Blackout News.

Audi production moving to China, Mexico

On another note, Blackout News also reports on how German luxury carmaker Audi is now planning to move production out of Germany and over to China and Mexico.

“Audi is planning to reduce its production capacity in Europe. The German car manufacturer intends to produce the Q8 e-tron model in Mexico and China.”

“The decision will have a major impact on the plant in Brussels. The Group currently produces the Q8 e-tron exclusively there. According to information from company circles, the company is considering relocating production of this model from Belgium to Mexico and China.”

New Study Finds Global Cities Have Warmed Due To Rising Solar Surface Forcing Since 1986

The globe’s cities are warming primarily due to declining albedo, not CO2 radiative forcing.

According to a comprehensive new study published in Remote Sensing of Environment, CO2 fertilization has led to an enhanced greening trend in 72.6% of cities across the world since 1985, accelerating to 89.2% since 2001.

Per the authors, this greening trend is the key factor lowering the albedo reflecting incoming solar radiation in urban areas, amounting to a +2.76 W/m² increase in solar radiation reaching the surface from 1986-2020.

In contrast, the clear-sky-only trend from CO2 surface forcing only amounts to 0.2 W/m² per decade (22 ppm), or 0.02 W/m² per year, in the 21st century. (This trend only represents the forcing from CO2 in an imaginary world where no clouds exist.)

Thus, the positive radiative imbalance from the declining trend in albedo explains urban warming far better than an enhanced greenhouse effect from a clear-sky-only CO2 radiative forcing.

Image Source: Wu et al., 2024

Commentary: “The Tone Against Alleged ‘Climate Change Deniers’ Is Becoming Harsher”

Press release:
Denunciation of alleged “climate deniers” encourages disinterest in environmental protection

Advisory center: “Arrogant instruction and education destroys the motivation to participate!”
Hat-tip: Klimanachrichten

The tone against alleged “climate change deniers” is becoming harsher. Some television programs are now trying to change viewers’ mindsets by using language to educate them – and to convince all skeptics and doubters of the threat posed by the change in temperatures, now referred to as global warming.

This top-down, patronizing form of education does a disservice to the actual goal – namely to encourage a more conscious lifestyle and participation in community change. This view is shared by Dennis Riehle (Constance), head of the consultancy for sustainable development and change management, who explains: “I myself have always emphasized that I am very committed to environmental protection and sustainability. But not because of hysterical climate activism, whose supporters are primarily concerned with self-profiling – and who intend to impose their radical minority opinion on the majority of society in order to drive forward a change in the representative system towards oligarchic structures.

In a nutshell, you could say that the ‘Last Generation’ – spoiled by overprotection and prosperity – is trying to realize its prepubescent desire for attention through infantile and meaningless protests. But the community cannot take the blame for a laissez-faire upbringing.

Technology – not paternalism

There is no doubt that we have lived beyond our means in the industrial age and exploited nature. Putting this damage into perspective and getting used to new circumstances seems to me to be our main task, which we can accomplish with innovation and confidence in research and technology, but certainly not with paternalism and prohibitions. We should be concerned with acclimatization and convergence rather than fighting against a development whose multifactorial causes we still know all too little about.

Accordingly, investing vast sums in the desperate attempt to influence evolution seems rather absurd. Rather, prevention and adaptability are needed, because we as humans are by no means helpless. It is worth continuing with approaches such as water management and geoengineering,” explains the 38-year-old psychological consultant and coach from Lake Constance.

“Considerable deficits in objectivity”

“I cannot recognize a significant connection between the CO2 hypothesis and global warming – which I do not deny in principle, but which I place in a much larger temporal frame of reference than the now rather tendentious science. I see considerable deficits in objectivity, especially with regard to the inductive inference techniques used by the IPCC, among others, which on the one hand arrive at a trend statement from the stringing together of individual observations and computer modeling, the reliability of which must be questioned quite clearly in view of empirical reflection, but on the other hand also focus solely on the last 100 years and thus reduce the extent of the planet’s gigantic history to a snapshot. There is a lack of common sense and logic.

Ignored factors

And, of course, other factors have so far been completely ignored – from hydrogen and methane to solar activity and the interactions between natural anomalies. The exclusive focus on man-made carbon dioxide emissions was therefore not open-ended – which is why an essential principle of serious scientific work has already been violated here.

Ultimately, the current narratives are only suitable for manipulating civilization in order to get it to think and act in an ideologically desired way – and to bring a transformation to its knees that not only lacks pragmatic foresight and economic and social compatibility, but also puts populations worldwide in a destructive state of panic and uncertainty,” concludes the consultant for sustainable development and opportunity management.

Further information can be found at and

The Effect Of CO2 Increases On Ocean Temperatures Is Too Small To Measurably Detect

The shallowest sea surface temperature measurement limit is 10,000 times deeper than the extent of CO2’s radiative influence.

When sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are measured, the depth range of the measurement typically extends from 10 cm to 10 m, or 100 mm to 10,000 mm (Merchant et al., 2019).

Image Source: Merchant et al., 2019

This measurement limitation is an insurmountable problem for those who wish to link increases in SSTs to increases in anthropogenic CO2 emissions.

Why? Because CO2’s radiative influence can only extend to ocean depths of 0.01 mm, or 1/100ths of a millimeter (Wong and Minnett, 2018).

CO2’s total impact on ocean temperatures cannot therefore be detected, as the shallowest SST measurements are 100 mm – 10,000 times deeper than the range limit for CO2’s radiative impact.

Image Source: Wong and Minnett, 2018

The physical impossibility of obtaining a detectable (and thus measurable) CO2 signal is not the only problem in attributing SST warming to anthropogenic CO2 emissions.

At a single site, SSTs can vary by as much as ±1-3°C, depending on depth. The water temperature at 1,000 mm (1 meter) may be 2°C warmer than at 10,000 mm (10 meters), depending on factors such as the time of day the measurement was taken, or if it was a cloudy versus sunny day (Kennedy, 2014). Pulling a wooden bucket out of the water from a ship deck – which is how SSTs were routinely measured until the late 20th century – can yield multiple degrees differences if the water in the bucket was hauled onto the ship at 7 a.m. rather than 3 p.m.

Image Source: Kennedy, 2014

To accurately assess the SST for the locations where sailors pulled buckets out of the water, then, would require “regular measurements of near-surface waters at a range of depths” (Kennedy, 2014). These data are surely not available in the historical SST records.

Consequently, the “random and systematic error uncertainty” in every single buckets-derived SST measurement is about 1 to 1.5°C. With water covering 71% of the Earth’s surface, this error and uncertainty magnitude fully disqualifies any claim that instrumental data accurately reflect the global average surface temperature.

Image Source: Kennedy, 2014

Green Energies Shattering German Economy…Industrial Production Falls 7th Consecutive Month


That’s how much Germany’s industrial production fell in December, 2023. It’s the seventh-straight month of decline as the country’s energy woes mount.

One reason is reported by the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) reports today :”Germany’s Industrial Production Falls For Seventh-Straight Month” in December 2023, far worse than expected.

To underscore the seriousness, 2023’s industrial production result is a whopping 10% below pre-pandemic levels.

One of the major drivers behind the demise is arguably the country’s disastrous energy policy, which has entailed shutting down cheap and steady conventional sources such as nuclear and natural gas and increasingly relying on unstable wind and solar energy. Energy prices have soared over the past years, thus driving inflation.

Things aren’t expected to improve much any time soon as the country is currently being plagued by strikes by train drivers, airport and airline personnel, who are fighting for higher wages that have been eroded away by high inflation. Energy supplies remain unstable and are expected to stay high.

Farmers are angry and have been demonstrating for weeks, often blocking transportation routes.

If there’s any light at the end of the tunnel, it’s a very faint one and the tunnel may be very long.

Currently many companies are announcing plans to move operations to business- friendlier locations.

2023 Scientific Papers Cast Doubt On ‘Consensus’ In Climate Science

In 2023, hundreds of scientific papers were published that cast doubt on the position that anthropogenic CO2 emissions function as the climate’s fundamental control knob…or that otherwise serve to question the efficacy of climate models or the related “consensus” positions commonly endorsed by policymakers and mainstream media sources.

There are significant limitations and uncertainties inherent in our understanding of climate and climate changes.

For the last 9 years we have been compiling annual lists of scientific papers that support these four main skeptical positions — categorized here as N(1) – N(4) — which question the climate alarm popularized in today’s headlines.

N(1) Natural mechanisms play well more than a negligible role (as claimed by the IPCC) in the net changes in the climate system, which includes temperature variations, precipitation patterns, weather events, etc., and the influence of increased CO2 concentrations on climatic changes are less pronounced than currently imagined.

N(2) The warming/sea levels/glacier and sea ice retreat/precipitation extremes…experienced during the modern era are neither unprecedented or remarkable, nor do they fall outside the range of natural variability.

N(3) The computer climate models are neither reliable or consistently accurate, the uncertainty and error ranges are irreducible, and projections of future climate states (i.e., an intensification of the hydrological cycle) are not supported by observations and/or are little more than speculation.

N(4) Current emissions-mitigation policies, especially related to the advocacy for renewables, are often ineffective and even harmful to the environment, whereas elevated CO2 and a warmer climate provide unheralded benefits to the biosphere (i.e., a greener planet and enhanced crop yields, lower mortality with warming).

In sharp contrast to the above, the corresponding “consensus” positions that these papers do not support are:

A(1) Close to or over 100% (110%) of the warming since 1950 has been caused by increases in anthropogenic CO2 emissions, leaving natural attribution at something close to 0%. “The best estimate of the warming due to anthropogenic forcings (ANT) is the orange bar (noting the 1𝛔 uncertainties). Reading off the graph, it is 0.7±0.2ºC (5-95%) with the observed warming 0.65±0.06 (5-95%). The attribution then follows as having a mean of ~110%, with a 5-95% range of 80–130%. This easily justifies the IPCC claims of having a mean near 100%, and a very low likelihood of the attribution being less than 50% (p < 0.0001!).”

A(2) Modern warming, glacier and sea ice recession, sea level rise, drought and hurricane intensities…are all occurring at unprecedentedly high and rapid rates, and the effects are globally synchronous (not just regional)…and thus dangerous consequences to the global biosphere and human civilizations loom in the near future as a consequence of anthropogenic influences.

A(3) The climate models are reliable and accurate, and the scientific understanding of the effects of both natural forcing factors (solar activity, clouds, water vapor, etc.) and CO2 concentration changes on climate is “settled enough”, which means that “the time for debate has ended”.

A(4) The proposed solutions to mitigate the dangerous consequences described in N(4) – namely, wind and solar expansion – are safe, effective, and environmentally-friendly.

To reiterate, these 2023 papers support the N(1)-N(4) positions, and they undermine or at least do not support the “consensus” A(1)-A(4) positions.  These papers do not do more than that.   In other words, it is too ambitious to claim these papers prove that anthropogenic global warming (AGW) positions are invalid, or that AGW claims have now been debunked”.

Below is the link to the list of scientific papers published in 2023, as well as a few sample papers.

Skeptic Papers 2023

Matskovsky et al., 2023

Shaviv et al., 2023

The CR/climate relationship is the only one capable of explaining the magnitude of the observed solar-climate interactions. … The apparent effect that the CRs have on cloud cover automatically explains the size of all the observed solar-related climate variations. … The seven ice-age epochs…over the past billion years have taken place when the CR flux was higher, as the theory predicts. … Decreases in CO2 concentration and the increase in solar luminosity mostly cancel each other out.

Koutsoyiannis and Vournas, 2023

An enhancement of the greenhouse effect, due to increasing CO2 concentration, through the years would be seen as a gradual displacement of the points from left to right with the progression of time. However, the alignment of the points of the different data sets does not show a gradual displacement from left to right. This means that the effect of the direct CO2 emission at the surface is smaller than the side effects…causing the variability in Figure 2, and thus it is impossible to discern. … Quantification of the greenhouse effect is a routine procedure in the framework of hydrological calculations of evaporation. According to the standard practice, this is made considering the water vapour in the atmosphere, without any reference to the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2), which, however, in the last century has escalated from 300 to about 420 ppm. As the formulae used for the greenhouse effect quantification were introduced 50-90 years ago, we examine whether these are still representative or not, based on eight sets of observations, distributed in time across a century. We conclude that the observed increase of the atmospheric CO2 concentration has not altered, in a discernible manner, the greenhouse effect, which remains dominated by the quantity of water vapour in the atmosphere, and that the original formulae used in hydrological practice remain valid. Hence, there is no need for adaptation due to increased CO2 concentration.

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