Several New Papers Indicate Sea Levels Were 1 – 3 Meters Higher Than Today A Few Thousand Years Ago

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Both during the last interglacial (~120,000 years ago) and from roughly 2000 to 7000 years ago, relative sea levels were from 6-10 meters to 1-3 meters higher than they are today, respectively.

For a list of over 100 other scientific papers indicating sea levels across the world were multiple meters higher when Earth’s CO2 concentrations were about 150 ppm lower than they are today (~260 ppm), see our database here.

The Mid-Holocene, 2000-7000 years ago

Lopez-Belzunce et al., 2020 (Mediterranean)

“Regarding the stabilization of the RSL [relative sea level], our data show it to be 1.20 m above the present-day level at 3000 cal yr BP and 1 m higher at 2000 cal yr BP.”

Burley et al., 2020  (Polynesia)

“At the time of first Lapita arrival at Nukuleka, sea levels were 1.2–1.4 m higher than present (Dickinson 2007).”

Lopes et al., 2020 (Brazil)

“The late Pleistocene-middle Holocene post-glacial marine transgression (PMT) that started around 18 ka b2k in response to the melting of ice caps and glaciers, together with increased precipitation, would have led to another lake highstand (Figure 3A). Sea-level curves obtained from several sites along the Brazilian coast show that a mean sea level (m.s.l.) equal to the present one was reached at ~7 ka b2k, and continued to rise until reaching up to +5 meters between 6 and 5 ka b2k (Martin et al., 2003; Angulo et al., 2006). In the CPRS the PMT formed the Barrier IV, and the estimates based on geologic and fossil records indicate that it reached amplitude of about 2-3 meters above the present m.s.l. (Barboza and Tomazelli, 2003; Caron, 2007; Lima et al., 2013; Dillenburg et al., 2017).”
“The altitude of the terrace T3 above the fossils of Toxodon found in situ indicates this was cut by the Holocene sea-level highstand that reached a maximum altitude of 3 meters [above present] between 6 and 5.1 ka b2k. At that time Mirim Lake was invaded by the Atlantic Ocean through Taim and São Gonçalo channel, becoming a large paleo-lagoon with conditions suitable for its occupation by marine organisms, including sharks, rays, teleost fishes and whales. The coastal waters were warmer than today, as indicated by the presence of fossils of the shark Carcharhinus leucas, common in tropical areas.”

Image Source: Lopes et al., 2020

Brocx and Semeniuk, 2020 (Western Australia)

“The Holocene stratigraphy in the Walpole–Nornalup Inlet Estuary shows that mean sea level was 1 m higher than present some 2900–1200 years BP (Semeniuk et al., 2011).”

Helfensdorfer, 2020 (Australia)

“This study presents a well-constrained model of the geomorphic evolution of the lower Murray River and Murray estuary with a specific focus on the response of the system to the Holocene sea-level highstand. Hydrodynamic modelling of the lower Murray River and Murray estuary was conducted to evaluate the primary drivers of palaeo-environmental change during the Holocene and constrain the plausible response of the Murray estuary to the +2 m higher-than-present sea level of the Holocene sea-level highstand.”

Martin et al., 2020 (Western Australia)

Sea level high stands (~2 m higher than present) occurred at ~7 and 4 ka (Gouramanis et al., 2012) that likely caused seawater intrusion events into the aquifer”

The Last Interglacial (LIG), ~120,000 years ago

Muh et al., 2020  (Bahamas, Bermuda)

“Corals with closed-system histories collected from patch reefs on NPI have ages of 128-118 ka and ooids/peloids from beach ridges have closed-system ages of 128-116 ka. Elevations of patch reefs indicate a LIG paleo-sea level of at least ∼7 m to ∼9 m above present. Beach ridge sediments indicate paleo-sea levels of ∼5 m to ∼14 m (assuming subsidence, ∼7 m to ∼16 m) above present during the LIG. …. Results of this study show that at the end of the LIG paleo-sea levels could have been as high as 11-13 m above present (at localities close to North American ice sheets) to as little as 5-8 m above present (at localities distant from North American ice sheets).”

Helm et al., 2020  (South Africa)

“Around 126 ka, sea levels were 6.6-8 m higher than present levels on the Cape south coast [of South Africa]. … Chronological context11 suggests an age of MIS 5e (the Last Interglacial). As sea levels during MIS 5e in this area were up to 6-8 m higher than at present, a warmer climate capable of supporting large reptiles on the Cape south coast can be inferred.”
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Modest Or No Warming Western US Stations Altered By NASA, Now Show Stronger Warming

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By Kirye (photo)
and Pierre Gosselin

Today we look at the mean annual temperatures of western USA stations that have a Brightness Index (BI) of 0, meaning they are not subjected to urban heat island impacts.

Many people are claiming that temperatures worldwide are rising due to greenhouse gas emissions from human activities.

First we begin with the station located at the town of Fort Bragg in California. Using NASA data, we plot the annual temperatures going back to 1935!

Data source: NASA GISS

Above we plot the V4 unadjusted versus the V4 adjusted data. Neither show any warming since 1935. The adjusted data, however, turns a cooling trend into one of no cooling.

Recently I tweeted an animation that compares the v4 unadjusted data to the V4 adjusted data for the Beowawe station in the state of Nevada:

Note how the Beowawe data of the past was substantially altered (reduced) in order to create a warming trend from a previously cooling trend. Here the warming is man made – but statistically by researchers at NASA.

The story is similar for 4 other stations located in the western US.

At the Manti station in Utah, modest warming was adjusted to created more warming:

Data source: NASA GISS

The same is true for the Seligman, Arizona station:

Data source: NASA GISS

The mean annual temperatures measured by the Cheesman, Colorado station used to show a cooling trend since 1903, before NASA tampered with the data and changed them into a warming trend: 

Data source: NASA GISS.

Finally we look at the data from the station for Hachita, New Mexico:

Data source: NASA GISS.

Here for Hachita, NASA changed the data so that modest warming was changed to produce greater warming.

Why do the new, adjusted data plots always end up warmer and never cooler? This seems to be Deep State science, and not real science which the public expects to get and is owed.




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Soon-To-Be-Published Study Finds Oceanic, Atmospheric And Solar Cycles Drive Europe Climate Variability

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Elsevier has accepted a new paper by Lüdecke et al, 2020, showing natural oceanic and solar cycles play a large role in modulating Europe’s climate. Offers new chances for robust midterm temperature prognoses. 

The paper, in press, journal pre-proof, analyzes natural variability in European monthly temperatures on decadal and multidecadal timescales and their possible drivers.

NAO, AMO, sun behind temperature variability 

The authors claim to have established characteristic correlations of temperature with ocean cycles, here NAO and AMO, and solar activity for many regions and seasons. This means it is likely that NAO, AMO and solar activity are the actual drivers of a lot of the temperature variability.

Figure 1 of the soon-to-be-published paper follows:

Image: Decadal and multidecadal natural variability in European temperature, Lüdecke et al, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics (journal pre-proof).

The authors did NOT look at the anthropogenic component of the long term warming of the past 150 years and its attribution but feel the results will hopefully help to better attribute shorter-term temperature changes and their typical patterns.

Chance for midterm temperature prognoses

This is important because efforts by the scientific community are progressing to better predict NAO and AMO for months and a few years in advance, This opens up new chances for more robust mid term temperature prognoses that also includes natural climate variability which the  paper documents.

The paper’s preliminary abstract (emphasis added):

European monthly temperatures undergo strong fluctuations from one year to the other. The variability is controlled by natural processes such as Atlantic cycles, changes in solar activity, volcanic eruptions, unforced internal atmospheric variability, as well as anthropogenic factors. This contribution investigates the role of key natural drivers for European temperature variability, namely the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and solar activity changes. We calculated Pearson correlation coefficients r for AMO, NAO and sunspots compared to monthly temperature data of 39 European countries for the period 1901–2015 in order to search for ‘fingerprints’ of the natural drivers. A cross correlation window of 11 months was chosen for AMO, NAO and of 120 months for SILSO to account for possible time lags or phase shifts. The r coefficients were mapped out across Europe on a monthly basis to document regional and seasonal changes of the correlation strength. The NAO dominates European temperature variability during the winter months, with strongest relationship in February. The AMO modulates temperatures in March to November, with best correlations occurring in summer, but also in April. Regions of strongest AMO and NAO impacts shift across the continent from month to month, forming systematic patterns. Direct correlation of the solar 11-year Schwabe cycle with temperatures was identified only in some countries in certain multidecadal intervals during February, March, June and September. Previous studies have suggested a significant solar influence on the AMO and NAO. It is likely that the greatest impact of solar activity on European temperatures is of a non-linear, indirect nature by way of interaction with Atlantic cycles.”

The paper’s graphs show an oscillation of temperature that challenge the sharply rising GISS-like narrative for Europe.




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New Study: Solar Forcing Estimates Since 1750 Could Be Much Larger Than Estimates Of Anthropogenic Forcing

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An observational analysis of photometric evidence suggests solar forcing of Earth’s atmosphere could vary by as much as ±4.5 W/m² since 1750, which is “far larger than the IPCC estimate of −0.30 to +0.10 W/m²” (Judge et al., 2020).

A 2017 study suggested the solar activity during the “modern maximum period from 1940 to 2015” is a “relatively rare event, with the previous similarly high levels of solar activity observed 4 and 8 millennia ago” (Yndestad and Solheim, 2017). Variations in solar activity since the 18th century were shown to have ranged between about 1357.5 W/m² and 1362 W/m² (~4.5 W/m²).

In contrast, the total radiative forcing due to the increase in the CO2 concentration since 1750 is suggested to be 1.82 W/m² (Feldman et al., 2015).

Image Source: Yndestad and Solheim, 2017

A new study (Judge et al., 2020) also affirms our highly uncertain estimations of solar forcing variations since 1750 may be “of the order of 3 W/m², far larger than the IPCC estimate of −0.30 to +0.10 W/m²” and also greater than the uncertain IPCC estimates of total anthropogenic forcing (+2.2 ± 1.1 W/m²) since 1750.

Large estimate ranges for solar forcing variability should reduce the certainty that Earth’s radiative forcing has been dominated by anthropogenic activity in recent centuries.

Image Source: Judge et al., 2020



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Green Energy Crime: Endangered Red Kite Blocking Wind Park Found Shot Dead!

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Nesting red kite shot dead because of wind energy?

By Die kalte Sonne
(Text translated by P. Gosselin)

Red kites have little chance against wind turbines. Image: Thomas Kraft (ThKraft) – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5

Red kites and wind power just do go well together. These predatory birds can find good prey especially where farmers mow meadows or plow fields. Lethal are cases such as the one in Baden-Württemberg, where areas with green fodder have been planted in the immediate vicinity of a wind park.

When these fields are mowed, the red kites search for food within the hay. It is ideal for them, but also possibly deadly because they cast their view downward when hunting, and not forward. The Hilpensberg wind farm was even approved in a red kite area. Now one of the beautiful animals has fallen victim again, as the Nature Conservation Initiative reports:

According to biologist Immo Vollmer, the conclusion can only be that we should not build any more wind turbines in areas where red kites nest or where buzzards often seek food. Otherwise the red kite, which has its largest distribution center in the world in Germany, will have no future here, because the loss rate is already almost in the same order of magnitude as the rate of offspring.”

And another sad case has just been reported in North Rhine-Westphalia. A female, nesting red kite was shot dead near Paderborn.

In an earlier trial, a judge even gave the controversial wind projects approval – precisely where the shot bird was found – under the condition that no protected species be proven to exist there. Now that the animal has been executed, this condition has been met. Probably just a coincidence, or maybe suicide, to make the wind turbines possible and to get out of the way?




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Earth’s Mean Temperature Falling, Planetary Alignment Suspected As Driver Of The 11-Year Solar Cycle

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Image: NASA Earth Observatory. Public Domain

Prof. Fritz Vahrenholt’s Monthly Solar Report

The global mean temperature in April 2020 was again significantly lower than in February and March, at 0.38°C above the average from 1981 to 2010. The average temperature increase on the globe from 1981 to February 2020 was 0.14°C per decade. The further development promises to be interesting, especially since a number of research institutes expect a higher probability of a cooling La Nina in the Pacific towards the end of the year. March’s solar activity was very low with a sunspot number of 1.5.  Activity in April rose slightly to 5.4. The first sunspots of the new cycle are showing.

What causes the sun to have an 11-year cycle?

Since the Dessau pharmacist Heinrich Samuel Schwabe discovered in 1843 that the sunspots of the sun increase and decrease in an 11-year cycle, science has been puzzling over the reason why this cycle lasts 11 years and why the solar magnetic field also changes its polarity in this rhythm: the north pole becomes the south pole and vice versa.

In July last year, scientists at the Helmholtz Centre in Dresden Rossendorf made a little-noticed but exciting discovery. Every 11.07 years, the planets Venus, Earth and Jupiter are aligned quite precisely. At this point in time, their gravitational force acts jointly in one direction on the Sun.

“The agreement is amazingly accurate: we see a complete parallelism with the planets over 90 cycles,” explains Frank Stefani, one of the authors of the publication published in Solar Physics. Just as the gravitational pull of the Moon causes the tides on Earth, planets could move the hot plasma on the surface of the Sun. But the effect of a simple gravitational force is too weak to significantly disturb the flow in the Sun’s interior, so the temporal coincidence has long been ignored.

Now the researchers assume that the layers of the plasma are subject to a Taylor instability. The Taylor instability is known from the behavior of liquids of different densities at their interface (we know the turbulence that occurs when milk is poured into a cup of tea).  Taylor instability is sensitive to even very small forces. A small burst of energy is enough for the polarity of the solar magnetic field to swing back and forth every 11 years. The necessary impulse for this could be provided by the tidal action of the planets – and thus ultimately determine the rhythm in which the sun’s magnetic field reverses its polarity.

The tidal forces of the planets could have other effects on the Sun in addition to their role as pace-setter for the 11-year cycle. For example, it would be conceivable that they could change the stratification of the plasma in the boundary area between the inner radiation zone and the outer convection zone of the Sun, the tachocline, in such a way that the magnetic flux could be more easily dissipated.

Under these conditions, the strength of the activity cycles could also change, just as the “Maunder Minimum” once caused a significant decrease in solar activity over a longer period, the researchers write on the Helmholtz Center website. It is an unusual idea that the activity of the sun is controlled by the planets, including the earth itself. This sounds like astrology – but it is the latest in solar research.

One of the first researchers who assumed an influence of the solar activity by the planets was Theodor Landscheidt, who already in 1988 in his book “Sun-Earth-Man” predicted the decreasing strength of the solar cycles 22 and following. However, he assumed a different mechanism, according to which the planets cyclically move the sun out of the center of gravity (barycenter) of our solar system. Landscheidt died in 2004.

And also in our book “The Forgotten Sun” we had invited Prof. Nicola Scafetta for a separate chapter, who already then interpreted the conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter as the cause of a 60-year cycle. In a publication published in Solar Physics in February 2020, he also relates the longer-term oscillations (Hallstatt -2400 years ,Eddy – 1000 years, Suess-de Vries – 210 years) to influences of the large planets of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. The long version is accessible here.

Fritz Vahrenholt




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“Rare” May Snow & Cold Forecast Silences Climate Alarmists: “Over A Foot Of Snow” In Maine

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Unusual cold and snow are expected to sweep across North America and Europe over the coming days, thus threatening crops. 

Not that mid May is approaching, global warming alarmists tell us we should already be expecting heat waves. But right now the opposite is in the forecast: snow and extreme cold! Who would have thought?

Snow for Boston and new York?

Meteorologist Dr. Ryan Maue tweeted that both New York City and Boston might see snow on Saturday as a “rare & powerful May ‘bomb cyclone’ Nor’easter” is projected to develop off the east coast.

Over a foot of snow might fall in Maine, Maue asserts:

Maue earlier had tweeted that the snow and cold could act as a “triple whammy” because “hard freezes limit agriculture, forces people to remain indoors w/central heating & provides outdoor environment favorable for coronavirus.”

Snow to blanket parts of northern/central Germany 

Not only the Northeast has to worry about winter striking so late in the season, but also an intense cold front will be sweeping across a vast swath of northern Europe, reports German weather site daswetter.com here.

One can also call it an unusual cold snap for almost mid-May. The air in the north will warm up to only 7 to 12 degrees. […] With the polar air, the temperatures will plunge, and so will the snowfall line. When the cold air reaches the south in the night from Monday, it will snow slowly until the middle of the day. Around 400 to 600 m, up to 10 cm of fresh snow is possible in the middle of May. Even up to 300 m wet snow can fall.”

“Five to 6 nights of frost warnings” in UK

At Twitter David Birch tweeted a GIF animation showing the projected movement of the cold front, writing that Britain might see 5 or 6 nights of frost warnings next week:




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New Study: 11,500 Years Ago, Spain Warmed And Cooled ~3°C Within Decades…Warmth Was ‘Higher Than Current’

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At the end of the last glacial, when CO2 concentrations hovered around 250 ppm, there were abrupt warming and cooling events in the Spanish mountains (Béjar range) with magnitudes of 3°C within decades. Peak temperatures were at times warmer than today.

It has often been claimed that abrupt warming and cooling events with amplitudes reaching multiple degrees within 20 to 50 years were confined to records obtained from polar climates.

Greenland

Greenland, for example, warmed by 8 to 16°C “within decades or less” 20 or more times during the last 80,000 years (Li et al., 2019). The warming and cooling events may have occurred in the absence of an external an forcing mechanism; instead, they were an “unforced oscillation”. The abrupt climate changes extended throughout the Northern Hemisphere and even into the Southern Hemisphere.

Image Source: Li et al., 2019

New England (US)

In the northeastern United States, temperatures plummeted by 5.6°C within 200 years about 13,000 years ago (Hou et al., 2007). Then, around 11,600 years ago, temperatures abruptly rose ~5.4°C “in less than 200 years”. One proxy location (Blood Pond) even suggests there was an 8°C warming event in the US about 11,500 years ago.

Image Source: Hou et al., 2007

Western Spain (Béjar)

A new study (Lopez-Saez et al., 2020) of the Late-Glacial-Early-Holocene period (about 15,000 to 11,500 years ago) analyzes evidence of tree cover transitions in the western Iberian region (Spain).

Deciduous oak forests were assessed to have abruptly expanded and declined during this period. The established temperature tolerances for this tree species suggest the warming-cooling transitions occurred within decades to centuries, and the climate change amplitudes could reach 2-4°C.

Despite the low and modestly fluctuating CO2 concentrations during this Late-Glacial period (~250 ppm), the evidence suggests regional temperatures were warmer than today 13.9, 12.3, 11.5-11.3, and 10.9 ka cal BP (thousand calibrated years before present).

These pronounced natural climate change events in the paleoclimate record do not support the contention that modern temperture changes are unusual or unprecedented.

Image Source: Lopez-Saez et al., 2020
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Antarctic Avery Ice Shelf “Prograding Considerably In Last 2 Decades”, Team Of Scientists Find

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A newly released paper by Kumar et al looks at the changes and prediction of the Amery Ice Shelf (AIS) of East Antarctica using remote sensing data.

The scientists found that the ice shelf is prograding (expanding), and not breaking apart like some alarmist scientists feared earlier.

Image: cropped from Wikipedia

Hat-tip: Mary Brown

Wikipedia tells that in December 2006, “enormous cracks” had been forming for over a decade at a rate of three to five metres a day – possibly due to global warming – but researchers later said it was too early to attribute the phenomenon to global warming because of the “possibility of a natural 50-60 year cycle being responsible”.

Now the recent paper by Kumar et al reports findings that the Amery Ice Shelf (AIS) is not disintegrating, let alone shrinking, but rather is advancing!

“Prograding considerably”

Once readers get past the scientific gobbledygook of the paper’s abstract, (possibly intended to obscure the paper’s inconvenient results) it becomes clear the ice shelf there is growing. “Amery Ice Shelf extent is prograding considerably in the last two decades.”

The scientists reconstructed the past and made a prediction of the future-ice shelf extent using linear regression techniques. They found that changes in the ice shelf extent “are linked with ocean-atmosphere interaction”. That means natural factors are dominantly at work, and not the anthropogenic ones.

The AIS changes were studied using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) satellite data of the austral summer months (January–March) from 2001–2016. Using statistical techniques, the rate changes of the AIS extent were estimated.

14.5 km increase

According to the paper’s abstract: “The study reveals that the AIS extent has been prograded at the rate of 994 m/year with an average 14.5 km increase in the areal extents during 2001–2016, as compared to the year 2001, whereas, the maximum advancement in ice shelf extent was recorded during the 2006–2016 period.”

The study also found that the eastern part of Mackenzie Bay to Ingrid Christensen coast also “recorded advancement in ice shelf extents and mass” and that this was in part linked to “a decrease in the temperatures (air temperature and sea surface temperature).

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97% Consensus Claim? German Historians Warn Against Shutting Down “Open Debate”, “Opinions”

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In these times when legitimate, qualified and alternative voices and opinions on science are being snuffed out by the mainstream and social media, e.g.: on issues related to the Corona lock down and the causes behind climate change, many worry that our fundamental rights are being infringed.

“I’ve been called on to save you!” Führers like claiming they represent overwhelming “consensus”, the Association of German Historians warns. Image: Science Skeptical

The Association of German Historians (VHD, Verband der Historiker und Historikerinnen Deutschlands) has issued a statement on “Current Threats to Democracy“, warning against populism.

The scientists at the German Die kalte Sonne site here noted, however, the often claimed “97% consensus” in climate science “sounds despicable and reminds us of the election results of autocratic regimes”. How does science actually work and how does democracy work?”

To shed some light on this, here’s what the Association of German Historians writes on its website:

For parliamentary democracy and a pluralistic culture of debate, against populism

In pluralistic democracies, public policy is the result of open debates in which a variety of political opinions and social interests are expressed. A unified will of the people that can be discerned by those regarding themselves as ‘called’  is, in contrast, a fiction, used by people in political debates primarily for the purpose of making themselves invulnerable. In the Weimar Republic, the idea of ‘the people’s will’ smoothed the way to power for a movement whose ‘Führer’ saw himself as the incarnation of that will.

[…] Also, in light of colonial violence committed by Europeans in other parts of the world, it is crucial to acknowledge our shared responsibility for the consequences of our policies in regions outside of Europe.”

Of course this message is aimed at the White House and to other capitals that aren’t popular with the European elitist establishment nowadays. Unfortunately, these warnings need to be heeded by the elitist European policymakers and activists the VHD likes to laud and defend. Lately European mainstream media, elitists and activists have been insulting and slandering experts who have come forward to express dissenting views.

In Germany climate and lock down dissenters – who are in fact experts – are routinely slandered as “deniers”, charlatans”, “right-wingers”, crackpots – or worse.

The grave consequences of baseless fear

Meanwhile, the fake-science-based “climate crisis” – resulting from am authoritarian shutdown of “open debate” and opposing opinion – is already having grave consequences on our youth.

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Global Warming Solved! Scientists Find Reforestation Can Cool The Surface By 2-6°C Relative To Grassland Area

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Reforestation removes CO2 from the atmosphere. Reforestation substantially cools the Earth’s land surfaces. Therefore, reforestation offers a “meaningful opportunity for local climate mitigation and adaptation”. So why are we focused on CO2 mitigation via reduction in fossil fuel use?

Cooling the surface via reforestation

A few months ago NoTricksZone featured a new study that determined global warming can be reversed via land cover changes. Forest losses can warm local temperatures by as much as 1°C within 10 years (Alkama and Cescatti, 2016).

Huang et al., 2020 found the opposite can occur too. When a region returns to forest and tree cover, cooling ensues.

And with a growing percentage of European forested areas returning, a “predominant regional biophysical cooling” with “an average temperature change of −0.12 ± 0.20 °C, with widespread cooling (up to −1.0 °C) in western and central Europe in summer and spring” has swept across Europe due to land cover changes in recent decades.

Image Source: Huang et al., 2020

Another new study finds reforestation may cool the local surface climate by up to 6°C

Now, results from another new study (Novick et al., 2020) suggest reforestation can mitigate “deleterious effects of climate warming” as it dramatically cools surface temperatures. Cooling from reforestation can reach magnitudes of 2-3°C for the air above the surface and 4-6°C for surface climate.

Further, as has been reported here recently, forest expansion substantially expands the Earth carbon sink and removes CO2 from the atmosphere such that future forest expansion, or greening, could offset 17 years of equivalent human CO2 emissions by 2100.

This easily supersedes the effect of Paris Agreement CO2 mitigation policies and suggests that global warming and CO2 emissions mitigation could far more easily and inexpensively be achieved by focusing on reforestation rather than fossil fuel reduction policies.

Image: Novick et al., 2020
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Rural Northern US Stations Showed No Warming – Before NASA Rewrote The Data

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By Kirye
and Pierre Gosselin

The northern hemisphere surface temperature was expected to drop substantially according to NCEP, but this of course will not keep global warming alarmists from sounding the warming alarms.

But a look at the unadjusted data from some rural US stations tells us that there has been no warming.

Today we look at temperature data from NASA of some stations along the northern US with a Brightness Index (BI) of 0, meaning rural locations with no urban heat island effects. We want to see the trend over the past 100 or so years.

Plotted are the USHCN Version 4 versus Version 4 adjusted.

The first plots are the data from Lincoln, Nebraska going back to 1901:

Modest cooling changed to warming. Data: NASA

Note how a modest cooling trend was changed to a warming trend. Very ealy temperatures were cooled by 2°C!

Next we move to the Livingston, Montana station, where here as well a modest cooling trend was transformed into warming by massively adjusting past temperatures downward also by more than 2°C:

Data: NASA

The story is similar for the New Salem, North Dakota station, where earlier temperatures were adjusted downward by more than 1°C in order to produce a meaningful warming trend:

Data: NASA

Moving to the northern US state of Minnesota, we plot the data for the Artichoke Lake station going back over 100 years. Once again the past was cooled by NASA number-crunchers:

Data: NASA

Here an insignificant warming was suddenly amplified to about 1°C per century.

Finally we compare the GHCN unadjusted to the adjusted data at Harbour Beach, Michigan, where we see a slight cooling trend over the past 120 years was changed to a warming trend:

Data: NASA

In summary rural US areas without urban impacts have raw data showing cooling or almost no warming for the past 100 years. But NASA revisions wiped out it out produced a history of warming.




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