German Climatologist Werner Kirstein Unloads: “IPCC Is To Deceive People”…Calls Michael Mann’s Chart “A Fake”

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German climate scientist Professor Werner Kirstein was interviewed by alternative media outlet NuoViso,  and since the video was released early this month on Youtube, it has been viewed over 130,000, times.

Politics commissioning reports for money

In the interview Professor Kirstein tells moderator Robert Stein that CO2 emissions have no effect on the climate and that “politicians commission climate scientists to produce expert reports for money.”

“Public is being deceived”

Prof. Kirstein talks about the “conscious deception” of the public and how all research projects and publications by “climate scientists” only have the goal of confirming “man-made climate change” and that different scientific views are not welcome.

According to Kirstein, the public is being deceived with the false information and that the aim of politics is to find a way to collect further taxes and to collect levies.

“We currently see this with the climate tax, which is to be introduced soon,” Kirstein says.

Movement back to feudalism

In the interview Kirstein also says that in Germany it gets down to ideologues pursuing an ideological transformation. He says: “I say this a bit exaggerated: We are to become a society of craftsmen and farmers like under feudal rule. Above are the feudals and below are the peasants who pay taxes. Industry is a detrimental thing that destroys the environment.”

Doomsday scenarios are “false”

The now retired professor calls the doomsday scenario in which the polar caps melt due to the CO2 greenhouse effect and floods and climate refugee flows occur worldwide, false.

“Even if all CO2 emissions in Germany were stopped, the effect would still be zero. We have no influence on climate change,” he says.

Mann’s hockey stick “a fake”, Gore “a profiteer”

Kirstein also sharply criticizes the IPCC and Prof. Michael E. Mann, telling Stein: “The purpose of the IPCC report is to deceive people,” and that Mann’s famous curve in the shape of a hockey stick chart and the graphics “are fake.”

Kirstein also blasted Al Gore, calling him a “profiteer” of the spreading global warming hysteria.

Warming has been natural, “All this is normal”

“In truth, it was very warm in the 12th century in the Middle Ages. And about 150 years ago a small ice age came to an end, both were suppressed in Michael Mann’s curve,” Kirstein said. He calls the rise in temperature after the Little Ice Age a natural “reheating”.

Kirstein also says the assumption that the glaciers have declined due to global warming is also wrong.

“Glaciers come and glaciers go. But that also varies from region to region,” the expert says. “That is why the ice would increase at the South Pole and some glaciers would melt at the North Pole. All this is normal.”

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2 New Papers: Scientists Report A Rapid Deceleration Of Greenland Ice Sheet Melt Since 2013

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Greenland’s ice sheet mass losses have significantly decelerated since 2013 – a reversal from the rapid retreat from the 1990s to 2012 driven by cloud forcing and the NAO (Ruan et al., 2019). The post-2013 “relatively stable” ice sheet even gained mass during 2017-’18 (Andersen et al., 2019).

Ruan et al., 2019   

Decelerated Greenland Ice Sheet Melt Driven
by Positive Summer North Atlantic Oscillation

“The GrIS lost mass at a rate of about -102 Gt/yr in early 2003, increased to -393 Gt/yr during 2012-2013, but suddenly reduced to no more than 75 Gt/yr during 2013-2014 (Bevis et al., 2019). It is suggested that this deceleration is due to the increased snowfall accumulation driven by the positive phase of summer North Atlantic Oscillation (sNAO; Folland et al., 2009; Chen et al., 2015).”

It is shown that the deceleration of GrIS melting since 2013 is due to the reduction in short-wave solar radiation in the presence of increasing total cloud cover, which is driven by a more persistent positive summer North Atlantic Oscillation (sNAO) on the decadal time scale.”

“After an extreme year of the GrIS mass loss in 2012 (Tedsco et al., 2013; Nghiem et al., 2012) the rate of mass loss dramatically decreased since 2013 and has returned to about the same level (or even less) as was observed during 2004-2005. This indicates that the deceleration in GrIS mass loss since 2013 is mostly attributable to a reduction in the total mass loss during the summer season.”

[T]he total cloud cover decreased with a rate of around 0.5% per year before 2013 in most of Greenland except the northeast area. As a result, the melt-albedo feedback is enhanced (Hofer et al., 2017) and the increased shortwave radiation over the low albedo ablation zone leads to accelerated melt of the GrIS (Box et al., 2012; Van-Angelen et al., 2012; Franco et al., 2013). Since 2013, the total cloud cover over most of southeast Greenland increased at a rate of more than 0.1% per year.”

“The lower SLP over Greenland is also consistent with the dramatic cooling of the northern North Atlantic Ocean during the same period. On the surface, the mean summer sea surface temperature (SST) in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre is more than 2ºC colder than the SST during 2003-2013; in the upper 300m, the volume mean ocean temperature is nearly 1.6ºC less (Fig. 6). The cooling of the ocean is not only helpful for the atmospheric configuration over the Greenland, but also favorable for the reduction of mass loss due to warmer water intrusion into the marine-terminated glaciers, though the latter process explains only around 30-50 Gt of the total mass budget of the GrIS (Zwally et al., 2002; Box et al., 2009; Tedstone et al., 2013).”


Andersen et al., 2019

Update of annual calving front lines for 47 marine
terminating outlet glaciers in Greenland (1999–2018)

“Currently, the mass loss from the Greenland ice sheet is the largest Arctic contributor to global sea-level rise (van den Broeke et al. 2009, 2017; Box et al. 2018).”

The period 2007–2012 underwent a rapid loss of glacier area, compared to 2013–2018, in which glacier area was relatively stable, associated with a small area change. The year 2017–2018 stands out as the only period with net area gain (+4.1 km2).”

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American Schoolteacher Researches, Warns “Green New Deal” Is A Nasty Lesson We’d Be Wise To Avoid

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The “Green New Deal” is a multi-trillion-dollar plan proposed by Ocasio-Cortez in February of 2019 and backed by almost one hundred members of Congress, including most of the Democratic presidential hopefuls.

Among a slew of other sacrifices, the program would force our prosperous society to replace diesel and gasoline-powered vehicles with electric vehicles and meat eating with vegetarianism. Liberty would be replaced by stifling government regulation.

The Green New Deal And Climate Change – What You Need To Know explains why the “Green New Deal” is neither green nor scientific, and needs to be rejected.

Lynne Balzer’s new book The Green New Deal And Climate Change – What You Need To Know explains how the climate science that’s driving the radical policy initiatives is flawed, fraught with outright scientific fraud and how all the proposed green initiatives are in fact anti-green because they would end up irreversibly ravaging our environment.

50 years of wrong predictions

This book details the 50-year history of climate change alarmism that began in the 1970’s with its dire warnings about global cooling caused by mankind and how that term changed first to “global warming” and then to “climate change” when the warming stopped.

None of the predictions, ten-year survival warnings or tipping points given during the past five decades has ever materialized.

Ms. Balzer, a schoolteacher from America’s heartland, presents compelling reasons why wind turbines, solar power and biofuels are not only impractical but would actually greatly damage the environment.  The book exposes the serious flaws in the science behind the entire manmade global warming scenario and the scientific impossibility that carbon dioxide, a trace gas, could be responsible for warming the planet.

Balzer explains how prominent climate scientists have been hiding data and attempting to destroy other scientists who disagreed with their claims.

The right antidote for the truant FFF school kids

The Green New Deal and Climate Change: What You Need to Know is essential reading for all voters and policy makers.

It’s also the ideal book for the FFF school-striking kids to read because it’s written by a schoolteacher in terms that are easily understood by laypersons.

Every responsible parent or grandparent needs to give this book to their children so that they will be able to view the climate issue critically, calmly, rationally and objectively.

Ms. Balzer’s book concludes that the energy “solutions” specified in the Green New Deal are neither green nor sustainable and that so-called renewable sources of energy, such as wind and solar power and biofuels, are not only impractical and economically devastating, but also very damaging to the environment.

The “Green New Deal” is one social engineering lesson we’d be far better off going without.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Lynne Balzer taught science on the high school and college levels over her career. A project director for Faraday Science Institute in Oklahoma, she has researched this issue for years.

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Scientist’s Confession: Climate “Models Have “Serious Flaws”… Confident Others Will Speak Up On “Fraudulent Claims”

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Now in English…

An eye-opener book by Japanese MIT climate scientist now partly available in English at Kindle.

MIT climate scientist Dr. Mototaka Nakamura’s writes global warming data are “untrustworthy”, “falsified”.  Image: http://iprc.soest.hawaii.edu/

Not long ago we reported on a recently released book authored by Dr. Mototaka Nakamura, a scientist who received his doctorate from MIT and worked at NASA: “Confessions of a climate scientist The global warming hypothesis is an unproven hypothesis“.

After that post, I personally urged Dr. Nakamura to write the book in English.

Today I am very pleased to announce that a newly released Kindle version is now available with the important parts in English. You can download it for free for a limited time.

Please do download it! The English parts are within the Japanese text.

“Untrustworthy” and “falsified” data

In the book Dr. Nakamura writes how in the 1980s he became “seriously concerned about the predicted ‘catastrophic global warming due to the increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere'” and how the issue motivated him to study the atmospheric and oceanic sciences at the North Carolina State University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and to become a climate scientist.

Ironically, rather than finding any robust scientific basis underpinning the hypothesis, Dr. Nakamura wound discovering just how “untrustworthy” and “falsified”  the data behind global warming really are.

“We also do not know for certain how the earth’ s climate has changed in the past 100 years or longer, although we do know well how regional climate has changed in limited regions, such as Europe, North America, and some parts of Asia,” he writes. “A quasi-global observation system has been operating only for 50 years or so, since the advent of artificial satellite observation. Temperature data before then were collected over extremely small (with respect to the earth’ s entire surface area) areas and, thus, have severe spatial bias.”

Confident other scientists will speak up on “fraudulent claims”

On whether other scientists will speak up, Nakamura wrote that he is confident that “some honest and courageous true climate scientists will continue to publicly point out the made by the ‘mainstream climate science community'”.

As an expert, Dr. Nakamura also believes that the climate simulation models used for climate change predictions have two “serious flaws” among many. One “fatally serious flaw” is the oceanic component of the models and the “grossly oversimplified and problematic representations of the atmospheric water vapor”.

Nothing except a propaganda tool

Dr. Nakamura concludes that the “global surface mean temperature change data no longer have any scientific value and are nothing except a propaganda tool to the public.”

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Europe August Temperature Trends Not Warming… Instead Have Been Cooling Over Past 2 Decades

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By Kirye

NASA GISS likes to go back in history and alter the temperature figures from recorded datasets from all around the world, and then declare global warming.

Yet when we examine the (real) unadjusted, unaltered data, we find an entirely different story: In many places there has been little or even no warming over the recent decades. Many locations have seen cooling, in fact.

For example, using the data from the Japan Meteorology Agency (JMA), I checked 12 France stations which have August temperature data going back to 1982. Seven of 12 stations show August temperatures there have not warmed since 1990!

France August temperatures haven’t risen in almost 3 decades. Data source: JMA.

Looking at the 6 stations that have complete data going back to 1996 in the Scandinavian country of Finland, we also see the same story for August:

Three of 6 Finland stations have seen a cooling trend for August since 1996. The warming at the other three are statistically insignificant. Data source: JMA.

In neighboring Sweden we also find 6 stations for which the JMA has almost complete data going back over 2 decades:

Six stations in Sweden show a cooling trend for August since 1995. Data: JMA

These show no warming as well.

So when we look at the untampered data at stations in Europe, we find that there has not been any warming over the past recent decades. The story is the same at many stations scattered around the globe.

NASA GISS claims that warming has occurred because it simply changed the data to make it appear that way. Real data tell a different story.

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New Studies: Cold-Temperature Deaths Rising And 10-20 Times More Common Than Heat-Related Deaths

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Since the 1980s, deaths attributable to excessive heat have declined, whereas deaths attributable to cold weather have not.

Image Source: The Guardian

Rising energy poverty with wind and solar energy penetration

Heating a home in the United Kingdom became 63% more expensive in the last decade, and electricity prices have risen by 80% in Germany since 2000. These developments can be traced to the increasing reliance on wind and solar energy in these developed countries (Lomborg, 2014).

Image Source: Lomborg, 2014

Significantly due to California’s heavy emphasis on wind and solar energy penetration, Californians’ electricity prices rose 5 times more than the other states between 2011 and 2017 (EnvironmentalProgress.org).

Californians pay 60% more for electricity than the rest of the country.

Image Source: EnvironmentalProgress.org

Cold weather is 20 times more deadly than hot weather

A 2015 study analyzing 74 million deaths from 384 locations across the world (1985 and 2012) revealed that cold weather killed 20 times more people than hot weather did (7.29% of mortalities due cold vs. 0.42% of mortalities attributed to heat).

A new paper (Sera et al., 2019) analyzes atrributable mortality trends in urban areas – 340 cities in 22 countries – and found there was a similar (but less pronounced) discrepancy between attributable cold deaths and heat deaths (6.05% vs. 0.56%) during 1985-2014 for the world’s cities.

Heat-related deaths are “low and non-significant” relative to exposure to cold weather in SW China according to another new paper (Deng et al., 2019).

Image Source: Deng et al., 2019

Cold weather death rates are increasing as heat deaths are declining

Two new papers (Díaz et al., 2019, Cheng et al., 2019) indicate that from Spain to Australia, heat-related mortality has been decreasing whereas cold-related deaths have risen in recent decades.

Vicedo-Cabrera et al., 2018 found heat-related deaths declined in 7 out of 10 countries studied since 1985 and no trends in cold-weather deaths.

It is likely that the rise in both energy prices and energy poverty have heavily contributed to the higher incidence of cold-related mortality in recent decades.

Image Source: Díaz et al., 2019

Image Source: Cheng et al., 2019

Image Source: Vicedo-Cabrera et al., 2018
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German Wind Industry In A Coma: Tenders For Wind Energy Projects “Have Fallen To New, All-Time Low”

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Tenders for new wind energy projects in Germany “have fallen to a new, all-time low”, the online IWR reports here.

After the installation of thousands of megawatts of German wind power capacity led to instability in the power grid, exploding electricity prices and the destruction of natural landscapes and biotopes, protests against wind projects ratcheted up to the point where the government was forced to scale back on subsidies two years ago. The result: investments in wind parks, once seen as the future of Germany’s energy supply, have since collapsed.

The IWR writes: ”

The negative trend in the construction of new wind turbines in Germany, which has persisted for more than a year, is thus intensifying.”

And: “A short- or medium-term change is not to be expected,” the IWR reports.

As of September 1, 2019, the Federal Network Agency (BNetzA) has put out to tender 500 megawatts (MW) of wind power capacity, but so far “only 176 MW could be awarded in permissible bids”.

The grinding halt in wind energy by Germany flies in the face of the country’s commitment to transition over to green energies by 2050. Already experts say Germany will fail to meet its 2020 comitments.

Following the solar energy industry to the graveyard

IWR Director Dr. Norbert Allnoch said: “Politicians are frivolously jeopardizing the economic location of another future-oriented industry, as they did years ago with the solar industry.”

Will the “restart” be enough?

The wind industry is now placing its hopes on a “restart” on green energy investment announced by finance minister Olaf Scholz in his opening speech that kicked off debate in parliament on national spending in 2020. “More of the same will no longer help us,” Scholz said on the German government’s strategy to push climate-friendly activities through support programs and tax rebates.

Climate cabinet to roll out new measures

Major decisions on green energy programs and investments are expected to be announced by the country’s “climate cabinet” on 20 September 20th, but details on wind energy expansion plans remain vague. Currently onshore wind park projects face fierce opposition from hundreds of citizen protest groups and traditional environmentalists who believe the destruction of the German landscape is not an ecological price worth paying

On other fronts, Scholz foresees a pricing system for CO2 and that any measure would need to be financially designed “in a way that works for citizens”.

“We failed to take the necessary decisions in the past decades. There is now no more time to waste,” Scholz said.

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Former German Bundestag President Warns Of Climate Activism’s “Anti-Democratic Affection”, “Debate Rigorism”

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You really know that climate activism is going way off the rails when even a leading German socialist thinks the movement is becoming a threat to democracy. Leading German socialist politician Wolfgang Thierse warns of Greta Thunberg’s “anti-democratic”, uncompromising rhetoric.

Hat-tip Die kalte Sonne

“Anti-democratic affection”

Over the years a number of leading climate scientists and activists have expressed to some degree their frustration with democracy, hinting that the political system which incorporates the will of the common people in government has only gotten in the way of taking action against the “climate crisis”. What is needed, they suggest, is an elite group of Leaders to decide how to properly organize society. The average citizen is too stupid to make the right decisions.

Even some socialists are beginning to worry about the movement. For example German online flagship daily Die Welt here recently reported on how leading SPD politician, former President of the German Bundestag, Wolfgang Thierse sees in the words of climate activist Greta Thunberg an “anti-democratic affection” and thus he “warns against the climate movement”.

“Rigorism in climate debate”

Die Welt writes how Thierse also “warns against rigorism in the climate debate” and statements made by climate activist Greta Thunberg such as “that the climate does not tolerate compromises”.

Thierse made the comments to the Berlin “Tagesspiegel” in a video interview.

In Thierse’s view, such statements are “anti-democratic” and urges climate activists to take former German Chancellor Willy Brandt as an example when it comes to convincing the public on policy.

Young people don’t see the complexity

Thierse is not alone. Last month well-known nature filmmaker David Attenborough also told WELT: “The young climate activists see things in black and white, very clearly. They don’t yet know all the buts…”

In other words, the youth are being manipulated.

Attenborough added: “Maybe the young people don’t see the complexity of the problems to be solved and how to deal with them in a reasonable democratic way. Bringing the whole population along democratically is a big problem.”

German political scientist says climate movement like a religion

Also in a recent interview with German DLF here, political scientist Ulrike Ackermann said: “Rescuing the climate is almost like a religion.”  She warned: “It is of no use to paint the world catastrophe on the wall in an alarmism that can only be countered radically.”

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New Study: Of 53 Long-Term Tide Gauges On North America’s East/West Coasts, 24 Have Negative Accelerations

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The West Coast of North America has 20 long-term (90+ years) tide gauges measuring relative sea level changes. The East Coast has 33. Of the 53 total tide gauges, 45% (24) are negatively accelerating, 14 document falling sea levels, and just 11 have sea levels rising more than 3 mm/yr.

Image Source: Boretti, 2019

A cooling/non-warming North America

A few months ago, Gan et al. (2019) reported that the North American continent as a whole (180-0°, 15-60°N) “is one of the major cooling centers” in the Northern Hemisphere, with temperatures dropping after 1998 and no signficant net change since the early 1980s apparent.

Image Source: Gan et al. (2019)

The contiguous United States has even undergone an overall cooling or non-warming trend – especially on the Eastern half – since 1900 (Partridge et al., 2018).

Image Source: Partridge et al., 2018

Image Source: Partridge et al., 2018

U.S. East Coast has been expanding, not shrinking, since 1960

A few months ago Armstrong and Lazarus (2019) indicated “trends in recent rates of shoreline change along the U.S. Atlantic Coast reflect an especially puzzling increase in accretion, not erosion.”

From 1830 to 1956, shorelines eroded at the rapid rate of -55 cm per year on average. Since 1960, the U.S. Atlantic coast has been expanding (accretion) at a rate of +5 cm per year.

Image Source: Armstrong and Lazarus, 2019

12 of 15 Florida Bay islands have also been expanding in size since the 1950s (Zhai et al., 2019).

Image Source: Zhai et al., 2019

New study: 45% of 53 long-term North America tide gauges show negative acceleration

A new paper (Boretti, 2019) utilizes 90+ years of continuous tide gauge data from the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) to record the sea level trends from the West Coast (20) and East Coast (33) of North America.

Boretti finds the average sea level change for the 20 West Coast tide gauges amounts to -0.38 mm/yr, whereas the average sea level rise rate is +2.22 mm/yr for the 33 East Coast gauges. Much of the relative differences between the two coasts can be explained by land subsidence (sinking) or uplift (rising).

“Nearly the entire East Coast of the United States, from Massachusetts and parts of Maine to Florida, is known to be affected by subsidence [6–10]. Subsidence is much stronger along the East Coast of the United States and significant only in Southern California along the West Coast, and it increased in intensity since the mid-1900s.”

Image Source: Boretti, 2019

Of the 53 total tide gauges on North America’s East and West coasts, 45% (24) are negatively accelerating, 14 document falling sea levels, and just 11 have sea levels rising more than +3 mm/yr.

The overall acceleration for both the East and West coasts amounts to just +0.0028 mm/yr² and +0.0012 mm/yr², respectively, when using the late 1800s and early 1900s as the starting years.

An analysis by Houston and Dean (2011) showed that when the sea level trend begins in 1930, the U.S. coasts as a whole actually decelerated overall (-0.013 mm/yr²) during 1930-2007.

Image Source: Houston and Dean, 2011

These modest trends would not appear to support the conention that modern sea level changes in this region are rising at alarming rates.

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Let’s Welcome Warming! 2 New Studies Show Species, Biodiversity Harmed More By Cooling Than Warming

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Two recent scientific publications underscore how mass extinction events are associated with global cool-offs, glaciation and sea level fall, and NOT warmer climates.

Life thrives when the globe gets tropically warm. Photo credit: NASA, public domain

There’s been a lot of hype and hysteria surrounding the claims that the recent, modest global warming supposedly will have dire impacts on species diversity and survival.

But the wild claims fly in the face of what the earth’s history shows us: Biodiversity and species thrived in warm periods, and struggled during the cooler ones.

Now scientific results published in two recent papers suggest this yet again. What follows are the abstracts from the 2 papers along with links to them:

1. Fujisaki et al., 2019

To constrain the redox conditions and related nitrogen cycles during the Middle Permian (Guadalupian) to latest Late Permian (Lopingian) deep mid-Panthalassa, we determined the abundances of major, trace, and rare earth elements along with the carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in shales interbedded with deep-sea cherts that are well-exposed at the Gujo-Hachiman section in the Mino-Tanba belt, SW Japan. … However, unlike the oxic and nitrate-rich deep-Panthalassa, we speculate that oxygen-depleted (i.e., anoxic/euxinic) and bioavailable nitrogen-poor conditions developed in the deep Tethys immediately before the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary (G-LB). These environmental stresses were potentially driven by a global cooling episode (Kamura event) together with the unique paleogeography, i.e., no contact with polar ice caps in the Tethyan Ocean. Upwelling of the anoxic watermass accumulated in the deep Tethys during the global cooling episode likely triggered oceanic anoxia in the shallow-marine regions around the G-LB [Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary, Mid- to Late Permian], which eventually resulted in the G-LB mass extinction. … In the latest Guadalupian (Capitanian), the appearance of the global cooling episode was proposed based on various lines of evidence; e.g., the lowest sea-level during the Phanerozoic (Haq and Schutter, 2008), the preferential extinction of tropically adapted fauna (Isozaki and Aljinović, 2009), the migration of mid-latitude fauna toward tropical domains (Shen and Shi, 2002), and the occurrences of mid-latitude tillites (Fujimoto et al., 2012) and alpine glacial deposits in high altitudes (Fielding et al., 2008). The high δ13Ccarb values during this period were also interpreted to indicate high primary productivity and leading to an effective burial of organic matter promoted by the global cooling episode (Kamura event; Isozaki et al., 2007a, 2007b, 2011). The global cooling episode potentially affected biological activity in the shallowmarine domains; i.e., the low eustatic levels invoked delivery of fluvial organic matter to shelf because of the increased land area, which likely resulted in increase of organic matter, expansion of the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ), and enhanced denitrification in the water column.”

2. Smolarek-Lach et al., 2019

Mercury Spikes Indicate a Volcanic Trigger for the Late Ordovician Mass Extinction Event … We conclude that our Hg and Hg/TOC values were associated with volcanic pulses which triggered the massive environmental changes resulting in the Late Ordovician mass extinction. … Mercury enrichments have also been described for the middle and latest Permian extinctions. Sanei et al.’s study of the latest Permian mercury enrichment in the Canadian High Arctic, attributed this to emissions from the Siberian Traps [flood volcanism] with deleterious environmental consequences. … [T]he Hg enrichment in the Katian geochemical record (the ornatus anomaly) is interpreted as a volcanic event that triggered severe cooling. It has been suggested that the upper pacificus anomaly is connected with a volcanic eruption which triggered an albedo catastrophe and the rapid expansion of ice sheets.”

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Surprising Parallels Found Between Solar Activity And Hurricane Development

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Cat 5 Hurricane “Dorian” showed a development parallel to a solar storm lasting several days, which reached the earth from 27 August to 4 September 2019.

By Snowfan

The strength of particle radiation of a solar storm is given as a three-hour value in the Kp index, the daily value is called the A index.

The following table shows the development of hurricane DORIAN compared to solar activity in the daily values of the A index.

Source: https://nextgrandminimum.com/

The parallels are astonishing: It would seem DORIAN was “fed” by the strength of the solar storm in its development, especially in its peak around September 1, 2019.

It’s well known, of course: correlation isn’t causation.

So the question arises: How could solar storms influence earthly hurricanes? And the question certainly cannot be vice versa.

A commentator made the following interesting comments on hurricane activity in 2017 (including IRMA), and 2018 in the North Atlantic and a connection of solar activity with regard to changes in the jet stream:

Interesting sequence of events here; July 9/10 we had a sharp ‘Kp’ impact after a prolonged period of quiet.
On July 11th, TS Barry had been activated, by the end of the week we had the Jet Stream phenomenon, first over the pacific then over US states.
The theory is that a burst of ‘Kp’ activity expands upper atmosphere and triggers profile changes which can activate or exacerbate potential or base line activity lower down in the atmosphere.
Science in this area is in its infancy; however a discussion of what is involved can be seen at
https://howtheatmosphereworks.wordpress.com/about/solar-activity-and-surface-climate/storm-analysis/

This is also an impressive parallel development of hurricane “IRMA” (Cat. 5) and the solar storm in September 2017:

IRMA– Recorded peak intensity and (below) overall progress

 

The influence of solar activity on the Earth’s weather, e.g. sudden stratospheric warming in the winter over the Arctic with violent “Arctic outbreaks” in the mid-latitudes, is already well known.

Why shouldn’t solar activity also have a significant influence on the formation and development of cyclones through solar storms over the stratosphere and the jet stream?

An important and meaningful field of research, in my opinion…, and far more meaningful than the demonization of the life-giving CO2 in our atmosphere, with the aim of pulling money out of people’s pockets with a CO2 tax….

By the way: The solar activity also influences ENSO – NASA sees the globally cooling La Niña from November 2019 on…

The current NASA-ENSO forecast from September 2019 shows globally cooling Lan Niña conditions with SSTA of at least -0.5 K and colder in the relevant Nino area 3.4 as early as October/November 2019. Dr. Horst Malberg describes the relationship between ENSO conditions and sunspot cycles here. Source: NASA-GMAO-ENSO-Model

Snowfan 2015

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Leading Economist: “Only Sure Way To Reduce CO2 Emissions Is To Make People Poor”!

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In and interview with flagship German business daily Handelsblatt here, Danish economist Björn Lomborg warned of the “inefficiency in climate protection” and says Germany is a “deterrent example” in this respect.

“Gigantic costs”

He told the Handelsblatt that the once highly praised “Energiewende” was “poorly implemented” and that the costs will be “gigantic”.

Image: Twitter.

“Germany, with its promotion of renewable energies, is a particularly deterrent example in this respect. Such mismanagement adds up to gigantic additional costs,” said Lomborg.

Great doubts concerning costs

The high profile  Danish economist also told the Handelsblatt that the goal of climate neutrality makes no economic sense, saying: “That is easy to say, but extremely difficult to implement. I have great doubts as to whether all these states will be able to answer the question of what it will cost in the end.”

Lomborg also told the Handelsblatt that bans would be counterproductive, and that consumers will simply spend the money they save by not flying on other CO2-causing products. “The only sure way to reduce CO2 emissions is to make people poor.”

Technology is the key

Lomborg says that he supports a CO2 tax over the short-term to reduce CO2 emissions but that that ultimately the only way will be through improved technology, and not political measures. “We need innovations to combat climate change. That must be our first priority. […] The key then is innovation.”

Citizens will rise up against bans

Lomborg says technical innovation is better than demanding people pay 16% of GDP on climate protection. “People don’t want that. They will then vote for politicians like Trump or Bolsonaro.”

Only one percent comes from wind and sun

When it comes to wind and sun as a supply of energy, Lomborg says that ultimately the huge costs will have to be correctly taken into account, and warns that they are far from being a cheap supply.

“You have to see the cost of the whole system. […] And we should not lose sight of the dimensions: According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), one percent of global energy demand is currently covered by wind and sun, while the IEA estimates that it will be about four percent by 2040,” Lomborg told the Handelsblatt.

Going it alone, shifting emissions “crazy”

And the Danish economist warns against Europe going it alone on CO2 reductions. If it does, ” then the energy-intensive industry will disappear in the direction of the USA or Asia. It is crazy to drive the energy-intensive industry out of Europe and shift emissions to other regions of the world.”

Education and development

Lomborg also told the Handelsblatt that the best way to protect developing countries from climate change is to invest in their education and health care – so that they will be able to “get themselves out of sheet metal huts.” Storms wreak far greater damage on impoverished societies than on developed ones.

“If we lead people out of poverty, they will become less vulnerable to the consequences of climate change and to many other challenges. Yes, we must fight climate change, but we must do it intelligently,” said Lomborg

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New Papers: Ex-NOAA Climatologist And Russian Physicists Find Human Contribution To Warming 0.0°C-0.02°C

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Two more additions to the steadily accumulating evidence CO2 plays an insignificant to negligible role in climate change have recently been published in the scientific literature.

Last year, Dr. Rex J. Fleming, a former  NOAA climate scientist who earned both his Master’s and Ph.D in meteorology, published a paper (Fleming, 2018) in the Environmental Earth Sciences journal that detailed the lack of an identifiable causal relationship between CO2 concentration changes and Earth’s temperature.

Fleming theorized that the Earth has warmed in the modern era as a consequence of the strong solar activity during the 20th century  (the Modern Maximum) shielding cosmic ray intensification and thus reducing decadal-scale cloud cover, which leads to warming via an increase in absorbed surface solar radiation as illustrated here by Ogurtsov et al., 2012 and detailed by Avakyan, 2013McLean, 2014, Herman et al., 2013, Goode and Palle, 2007, Loeb et al., 2018, Pokrovsky, 2019, and others.

Fleming has now published an expanded version of his 2018 paper in a Springer© book entitled The Rise and Fall of the Carbon Dioxide Theory of Climate Change.

He reaches the same conclusion: CO2 has “no role” in the process of influencing climate.

Image Source: Fleming, 2019

Another climate sensitivity paper (Krainov and Smirnov, 2019) published in the journal Atomic and Molecular Radiative Processes finds a negligible (0.02 K) warming contribution from human emissions.

Physicists Dr. Vladimir Krainov, atomic physicist, and Dr. Boris Smirnov, author of over a dozen physics textbooks – conclude “injections of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as a result of combustion of fossil fuesls is not important for the greenhouse effect.”

Image Source: Krainov and Smirnov, 2019
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Retired Climate Alarmist John Schellnhuber: “Not Much Time Left”…Earth “Slipping Into A Hot Age”!

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According to the German online Tagesspiegel here, retired alarmist climate researcher Prof. John Schellnhuber is open to accepting a minister position in the state government in Brandenburg.

Panic in Germany

The former director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research thinks the planet “is in a sort of emergency” and so he is prepared “to advise the democratic parties concerning overcoming the climate crisis,” he said an interview with the “Potsdamer Neuesten Nachrichten”.

Schellnhuber says we are living in “unusual times”. Germany has pledged to shut down its coal power plants by 2038, which environmentalists and climate alarmists say is too long and that it has to happen much sooner.

As the coal industry is a key energy supplier to the state of Brandenburg, and the current Brandenburg government coalition made up of the socialists and leftists has been reluctant in scaling back coal power, fearing a fierce backlash from coal-related workers.

Earth slipping into a “Hot Age”

Schellnhuber warns, however, that action needs to be taken more aggressively and that “we really don’t have much time left to prevent the earth from slipping into a Hot Age”.

Potsdam recently declared a climate emergency and a citizens’ initiative is demanding that it be declared state-wide, the Tagesspiegel reports.

Schellnhuber also attacked the hard right, climate skeptic AfD Party, which the Tagesspiegel reports “denies climate change”. Schellnhuber says their “climate lies sound seductive because you don’t need to change behavior over the short term.”

Skepticism “endangers our entire civilization”

Schellnhuber calls this type of science skepticism “dangerous because it endangers our entire civilization” and says that in parties like the AfD there are “many bitter old gentlemen” who would lose their importance.

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Medieval Warmth Was GLOBAL…Confirmed By Over 1200 Publications At Google Maps

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More than 1200 publications show the Medieval Warm Period (MWP) was global – an embarrassment to global warming alarmists who claimed it was regional

Global warming alarmist scientists like claiming that the well documented Medieval Warm Period (MWP) was mostly a regional, North Atlantic phenomenon, and was not global, and so we just move along and stop questioning man-made global warming.

For example, the online Britanica entry on the Medieval Warm Period written by John P. Rafferty writes that it occurred “predominantly in the Northern Hemisphere from Greenland eastward through Europe and parts of Asia.”

Britanica does state that the claim of a global extent is highly controversial, though it really isn’t as we are about to see.

More than 1200 papers evidence it was global

Indeed the claim that it was global is now backed up by a huge body of scientific studies meticulously compiled by Dr. Sebastian Lüning of Die kalte Sonne and presented at Google Maps here.

Click here to access the MWP Google Map.

The outstanding site presents more than 1200! publications which evidence that the MWP was global.

125,000 visits

So far the site is proving to be a valuable resource as it has been accessed over 125,000 times. Not bad for a project that was financed entirely on a shoestring by small, private donations.

Natural forces at work

When asked about the reaction to this resource, Dr. Lüning replied:

We run this study fully open-minded and without any result that we try to prove. We screen through all available data and then simply let the data talk. We begin to see a connection of the Medieval Climate Anomaly to the long-term changes of the ocean cycles, such as AMO and NAO. The same patterns that are known from the last 100 years (multidecadal) seem to operate on a multicentennial time frame. Most ocean cycles were really just discovered in the 1990s and it is only now that we integrate them into the longterm pre-industrial climate changes as well. By better understanding natural pre-industrial climate change, we may help answer a key question for modern climate change, related to attribution: How much of the warming of the last 150 years is anthropogenic, and how much is natural? This attribution question is certainly not trivial:

http://www.luening.info/#attri”

Taken as a whole, for the alarmists the 1200+ papers are an extremely inconvenient body of facts and knowledge, so don’t be surprised if efforts are made to make them disappear from the Google platform in the future.

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Settled Science? 7 New Papers Show Regional Temps Were 2-6°C Warmer Than Today During The Last Glacial!

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CO2 concentrations ranged between 180 ppm to 220 ppm from about 15 to 60 thousand years ago. Several new temperature reconstructions indicate there were millennial-scale periods with multiple degrees Celsius greater warmth than today (410 ppm CO2) during this glacial period.

Image Source: Ganyushkin et al., 2018

Between 45 and 30 thousand years ago, or during the middle of the last glacial, atmospheric CO2 levels hovered around 200 ppm – less than half of today’s concentration.

Image Source: Kohfeld and Chase, 2017

Tree remains dated to this period have been discovered 600-1000 meters atop the modern treeline in the Russian Altai mountains.  With lapse rate and tectonic changes considered, this suggests surface air temperatures were between 3°C and possibly up to 5.9°C warmer than today (Ganyushkin et al., 2018) at this time.

Image Source: Ganyushkin et al., 2018

Modern sea surface temperatures of 15.5°C and 10°C have been recorded in the subpolar North Atlantic (Tobago Basin and Bonair Basin, respectively). Between and about 10 and 15 thousand years ago, temperatures reached 23°C and 17°C, respectively, which is ~7°C warmer than today). Temperatures were 2-4°C warmer than today between 20 and 30 thousand years ago (Reißig et al., 2019).

Image Source: Reißig et al., 2019

Today’s North Atlantic’s bottom-water temperatures are about 4°C. They averaged ~5°C during the last glacial, with anomalies reaching 10°C both 13 and 16 thousand years ago and about 7°C both 15 and 19 thousand years ago (Yasuhara et al., 2019).

Image Source: Yasuhara et al., 2019

Modern annual temperatures at a California lake average 18°C. Between 31 and 24 thousand years ago, temperatures averaged 22°C to 23°C, which is about 4-5°C warmer than today (Feakins et al., 2019).

Image Source: Feakins et al., 2019

The modern temperature in the subarctic North Pacific ranges beween 3 to 4°C.  About 14,500 years ago, the region had warm peaks of 5 to 9°C, as well as 4 to 7°C between 18 and 20 thousand years ago (Lohmann et al., 2019).

Image Source: Lohmann et al., 2019

Sea surface temperatures near the Peruvian coast have plummeted in the last 50 years, with catfish remains in northern Peru suggesting this region was 4°C warmer than today during the Early Holocene. One reconstruction shows the region was ~2°C warmer than today about 15 to 16 thousand years ago (Salvatteci et al., 2019).

Image Source: Salvatteci et al., 2019

The “present observed temperatures” appear to be less than 24°C in the South Atlantic. This region was about 2°C warmer than today from about 10 thousand years ago to the Roman Warm Period, but it also reached similar or slightly (~1°C) warmer temperatures around 52 to 60 thousand years ago (Dauner et al., 2019).

Image Source: Dauner et al., 2019

None of these 7 temperature reconstructions support the contention that rising and falling CO2 concentrations have driven regional climate changes during the last 60 thousand years.

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Reduced Blogging This Weekend Due To Berlin 100/24 ‘Megamarsch’

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There won’t as much blogging from my side this weekend because I’ll be participating in the so-called “Berlin Megamarsch” (Mega-Walk).

At the Berlin 100/24 Megamarsch, participants take on the challenge of walking 100 kilometers within 24 hours.

The fun starts Saturday, August 31, at 4 p.m. when some 1500 participants will begin following a marked route and will have to complete it before 4 p.m. the next day, Sunday. Here’s the route:

100/24 Megamarsch starts in Berlin Saturday at 4 p.m., goes overnight to Potsdam, before finishing on Sunday at Teltow.

Some five months ago a friend told me about it, and initially I thought the whole idea was insane. But another part of me became intrigued by the challenge and so on July 6th I completed the Düsseldorf 50k/12hr in 10.5 hours. As the 50k in Düsseldorf went pretty well, I decided to give the big Berlin 100/24 a shot.

Even though I’ve trained quite a bit, I still estimate my chances of success this weekend at less than 30%. What follows is my training list of walks done in order to prepare:

No. 23 was the Düsseldorf Megamarsch on July 6.

Since Düsseldorf I’ve walked 65+ km three times, but made the big mistake of not stretching enough after the 67.7 km walk on July 22. The result: plantar fasciitis. During my 66-km walk on August 1st I wound up coming home with my feet in agony.

For the last 3 weeks since, I’ve been stretching and trying to massage all the kinks out, yet I can’t say how my feet will hold up in Berlin. I can only hope for a good day.

I was also in agony at the end of the 70k walk on August 14. My left foot is still not in a condition I’d like it to be.

According to Megamarsch organizers, only 20-25% succeed in accomplishing the distance in under 24 hours. Most throw in the towel at 60 km.

In any case, que sera, sera. I’ll be posting progress reports at Twitter Saturday night and Sunday for those who might be curious as to how I’m holding up. I also need all the fans and support I can get!

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NASA: We Can’t Model Clouds, So Climate Models Are 100 Times Less Accurate Than Needed For Projections

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NASA has conceded that climate models lack the precision required to make climate projections due to the inability to accurately model clouds. 

Clouds have the capacity to dramatically influence climate changes in both radiative longwave (the “greenhouse effect”) and shortwave.

Cloud cover domination in longwave radiation

In the longwave, clouds thoroughly dwarf the CO2 climate influence. According to Wong and Minnett (2018):

• The signal in incoming longwave is 200 W/m² for clouds over the course of hours. The signal amounts to 3.7 W/m² for doubled CO2 (560 ppm) after hundreds of years.

• At the ocean surface, clouds generate a radiative signal 8 times greater than tripled CO2 (1120 ppm).

• The absorbed surface radiation for clouds is ~9 W/m². It’s only 0.5 W/m² for tripled CO2 (1120 ppm).

• CO2 can only have an effect on the first 0.01 mm of the ocean. Cloud longwave forcing penetrates 9 times deeper, about 0.09 mm.

Image Source: Wong and Minnett, 2018

Cloud cover domination in shortwave radiation

In its shortwave albedo capacity, cloud cover modulates the amount of solar radiation that warms the ocean. Changes in the Earth’s radiation budget “are caused by changes in tropical mean cloudiness.” (Wielicki et al., 2002).

When cloud cover increases, less shortwave radiation reaches the surface, leading to cooling. When cloud cover decreases – as it has since the 1980s – more solar radiation is absorbed.

The decrease in cloud cover in recent decades can therefore explain the 1979-2017 warming (Herman et al., 2013Poprovsky, 2019, Loeb et al., 2018).

Image Source: Herman et al., 2013

Image Source: Poprovsky, 2019

Image Source: Loeb et al., 2018

IPCC and NASA acknowledge that we can’t model clouds with requisite accuracy

The IPCC has admitted there is a great deal of “continuing uncertainty” in the sign and magnitude of the cloud influence. Most models indicate a positive feedback (more warming), but this “is not well understood” and the IPCC scientists “are not confident that it is realistic.”

Image Source: IPCC (2013)

NASA has been even more candid about the massive uncertainties associated with cloud climatology.

Some clouds “cool more than they heat” and other clouds “warm more than they cool.”

In some models “clouds decrease the net greenhouse effect, whereas in others they intensify it.”

Because the uncertainties are so pervasive, NASA concludes that “today’s models must be improved by about a hundredfold in accuracy” if we wish to make climate projections.

Image Source: NASA

Uncertainty in the effects of cloud forcing are 20-40 times larger than the projected greenhouse gas warming for the next century

Due to the enormous uncertainties associated with cloud cover changes, the IPCC’s CO2 emission scenarios used to calculate warming are reduced to the realm of nearly evidence-free presumption.

Using the IPCC’s emission scenarios, for example, the projected greenhouse gas-induced warming by 2100 is 3.7°C. Due to cloud forcing errors, the uncertainty in this projection is ±130°C!

When both the cloud and the forcing uncertainties are allowed to accumulate together, after 5 years the A2 [greenhouse gas-induced] scenario includes a 0.34°C warmer Earth but a ±8.8°C uncertainty. At 10 years this becomes 0.44±15° C, and 0.6±27.7°C in 20 years. By 2100, the projection is 3.7±130°C.”

Image Source: Frank, 2008

Unless we can model clouds, we cannot model climate with any precision

Due to the dominant influence of cloud cover in facilitating climate change, dramatically improving our woefully insufficient capacity to model clouds is both necessary and fundamental.

Climate science should rise to the challenge rather than continuing to gloss over or even dismiss the profound cloud modeling problem undermining climate projections.

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Body-Slamming The Poor! New Studies Show Renewable Energies “Have Virtually Doubled The Price Of Electricity”

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Some fresh new scientific papers are confirming that renewable energies, particularly wind and solar power, are not delivering what was promised – not by a long shot.

They likely will become far more of a burden than a benefit.

“Virtually doubled the price of electricity”

For example, Pereira et al., 2019  writes that “growth in the installed capacity of renewable energy has increased electricity prices, which raises the question of how households have withstood the cost of energy transition.”

The authors conclude that their paper “proves that both income and risk of household poverty are directly linked with renewable energies, in both the short- and long-run” and that the shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources “has virtually doubled the price of electricity.”

Inefficiently located, “stranded assets”

Another paper by Greenstone and Nath, 2019 writes that “renewable power plants require ample physical space, are often geographically dispersed, and are frequently located away from population centers, all of which raises transmission costs above those of fossil fuel plants.”

Moreover the study found that adding new renewable installations to a mature grid infrastructure “may create a glut of installed capacity that renders some existing baseload generation unnecessary” and “the costs of these ‘stranded assets’ do not disappear and are borne by some combination of distribution companies, generators, and ratepayers.”

In other words, the location of renewable power systems are often just inefficient and a bad idea that doesn’t make economic sense. The paper also adds that batteries of the size and scope needed are unproven and not cost effective.

“Inhibits CO2 emissions insignificantly in Africa”

Nathaniel and Iheonu, 2019 look at renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on CO2 emissions in Africa. They conclude: “Renewable energy inhibits CO2 emissions insignificantly in Africa.”

Or in plain language: No benefit for a high cost on a continent that can ill afford it.

Toxic…could soon cause harmful effects to human health

Finally a study by Padoan et al., 2019 warns of a huge heap of waste coming from solar panels as they begin to be scrapped in earnest in 2036.

They write: “The improper disposal of these waste fluxes could cause harmful effects to human health and to economy of the manufacture sector by the dispersion of toxic elements and loss of valuable material resources including rare metals, respectively.”

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New Studies Show Solar Activity Has Major Impact On Europe’s Climate, Cannot Be Dismissed

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How the sun impacts European climate

By Die kalte Sonne
(German text translated by P Gosselin)

Images: NASA Observatory

The gigantic nuclear fusion power plant of the sun reliably supplies the earth with energy.

However, the IPCC’s current doctrine is that fluctuations in solar activity have no effect whatsoever on the Earth’s climate. Some climate scientists disagree with the IPCC and see a significant influence of the sun on the earth’s climate.

On July 1, 2019, a study by Bhargawa & Sing appeared in Advances in Space Research:

Solar irradiance, climatic indicators and climate change – An empirical analysis

Since the Sun is the main source of energy for our planet therefore even a slight change in its output energy can make a huge difference in the climatic conditions of the terrestrial environment. The rate of energy coming from the Sun (solar irradiance) might affect our climate directly by changing the rate of solar heating of the Earth and the atmosphere and indirectly by changing the cloud forming processes. In the present paper, based on stability test of Vector Auto Regressive (VAR) model, we have used the impulse response functions and the variance decomposition method for the analysis of climate variability. We have examined the possible connections among the solar irradiance and some climate indicators, viz., the global temperature anomaly, the global mean sea level, the global sea-ice extent and the global precipitation anomaly occurred during last forty years (1978–2017). In our investigation, we have observed that the impact of solar irradiance on the global surface temperature level in next decade will increase by ∼4.7% while the global mean sea level will increase about 0.67%. In the meantime, we have noticed about 5.3% decrement in the global sea-ice extent for the next decade. In case of the global precipitation anomaly we have not observed any particular trend just because of the variable climatic conditions. We also have studied the effect of CO2 as anthropogenic forcing where we have observed that the global temperature in the next decade will increase by 2.7%; mean sea level will increase by 6.4%. Increasing abundance in CO2 will be responsible for about 0.43% decrease in the sea-ice extent while there will not be any change in the precipitation pattern.”

In May 2018, Chassiot et al. had already reported a characteristic millennium cycle from the Central Massif of France, apparently driven by solar fluctuations and ocean cycles:

A 7000-year environmental history and soil erosion record inferred from the deep sediments of Lake Pavin (Massif Central, France)

A 14-m long sedimentary sequence (core PAV12) was collected in the deepest part of Lake Pavin, a maar lake located in the French Massif Central. The PAV12 sedimentary sequence documents the lake’s environmental evolution since its formation 7000 years ago. The relationships between the catchment’s vegetation cover, erosion processes and changes in trophic status were shown using a multi-proxy characterization of mineral and organic fractions supported by palynological data. The record shows a succession of lithological units starting at the base with volcanoclastic material corresponding to the early stage of Lake Pavin. The deposition of organic-rich and diatomaceous sedimentary units above volcanoclastic material indicates an evolution toward a pristine lacustrine state. The Late Holocene environmental history of this lake is marked by two tipping points reflecting major environmental disturbances at ca. 4000 cal BP and after the deposition of erosive mass-wasting deposits (MWDs) at 1350 cal BP (AD 600) and 650 cal BP (AD 1300). The upper unit of core PAV12, which corresponds to the past 700 years, indicates that one of these MWDs was likely the driving force behind a major limnological change marked by a shift in redox-sensitive elements (i.e., current meromictic lacustrine state). The palynological diagram indicates a forested catchment where woodland clearances and agro-pastoral activities have remained limited except over the last 700 years. These findings suggest restricted human impact within the watershed compared to other regional archives. The reconstruction of the Lake Pavin erosion record determined from titanium and red amorphous particle fluxes highlights phases of enhanced erosion at ca. 6.5–5.5, 4.1–3.8, 3.5, 2.8–2.6, 1.6–1.4 cal kyr BP and during the Little Ice Age (LIA). A comparison between this erosion record, palaeoenvironmental archives from Western Europe and palaeoclimatic data supports an Atlantic signal driving precipitation patterns over Lake Pavin at centennial to millennial timescales. The influence of local human activities, even on a small scale, cannot be completely discounted as their impact on erosional processes may be amplified in a steep catchment such as that found in Lake Pavin.

In their conclusion they write:

[…] Consequently, the Lake Pavin erosion record appears primarily related to hydroclimatic fluctuations. The matching of enhanced terrigenous inputs with NAO negative phases and low TSI values supports both Atlantic and solar forcing at a centennial to millennial scale over the Holocene.

The Romanian climate also seems to be influenced by solar radiation, as Sfica et al. documented in 2018:

Solar signal on regional scale: A study of possible solar impact upon Romania’s climate

The topic of this paper is to investigate whether a solar signal can be identified in the variation of climatic parameters at regional scale. This was done using eight climate parameters recorded in Romania during 1961–2013 which corresponds with four cycles of solar activity. The methodology is based on trend, composite and wavelet analysis. A weak solar influence with a clear spatial pattern was identified, especially during the cold season, on temperature and cloud cover. During the warm season, the influence seems to be spurious. A clear difference between the north-eastern Romania and the rest of the country was found in the response of local climate to solar trigger. The mountain chain induces persistent disparities in the distribution of the most parameters, which supports the fact that orography is an important feature to be considered when analysing solar imprint at regional scale. Possible mechanisms for the solar influence on climate at regional and local scale are proposed.

This paper by Moreno et al., which deals with climate change in Portugal, dates from March 2019. In this case, the sun modulates spring and summer temperatures and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO):

Foraminiferal evidence of major environmental changes driven by the sun-climate coupling in the western Portuguese coast (14th century to present)

New paleoclimatic data from the Casa Branca salt marsh, in the southwest coast of Portugal, are compared with records previously published on the northwest coast (Caminha salt marsh) to offer a more comprehensive overview of the environmental evolution of the west Iberian margin over the last six centuries. These reconstructions are based on the foraminiferal records of two dated sediment cores retrieved from the high marsh settings and supported by geochemical-sedimentological data. Both marshes were originally formed in the AD 1300s, between the Medieval Climatic Anomaly (MCA) and the Little Ice Age (LIA), highlighting a major episode of increased sediment supply in lower estuaries linked to climate-driven changes in continental runoff. Afterwards, the two marshes evolved under different climatic regimes as reflected by their foraminiferal assemblages. The environmental conditions are characterized by higher salinity in Casa Branca (southwest), with Jadammina macrescens and Trochammina inflata as dominant species, than in Caminha (northwest), where Haplophragmoides spp. dominates. We suggest that a long-term trend of a net gain in evapotranspiration at Casa Branca inducing a higher marsh salinity baseline may explain this microfaunal contrast. Trochammina inflata seems to be a good indicator of drier periods in the studied area, connected to key events of aeolian large-dust input to the southwest coast of Portugal. The influence of the most important climate drivers was assessed, namely external (solar) and internal (North Atlantic Oscillation – NAO) forcings. Spectral and wavelet transform coherence analyses were used to detect solar footprints on foraminiferal and climate-related time series. A main significant quasi-periodicity was identified within the range of the secular Gleissberg cycle of solar activity modulating the annual NAO and regional spring-summer (simulated) temperatures after AD 1700. This stronger solar-climate coupling may be related to the known upward secular trend in the total solar irradiance after the Maunder Minimum.

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