New GBR Study: 400% Coral Recovery Since 2014 – With 2017 Growth Rates Comparable To The 1970s

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A long-term (50 years) study of a Great Barrier Reef (GBR) ecoystem finds corals may quickly recover from El Niño disturbances.

According to scientists (Yan et al., 2019), coral reef ecosystems thrive in centennial-scale warming phases such as the Medieval Warm Period and Current Warm Period, whereas they experience population declines (“switch-off” episodes) during cold periods (the Little Ice Age).

Image Source: Yan et al., 2019

Indeed, corals prefer the warmest waters, which is why they predominantly live near the equator.

Image Source: NOAA

Popularized claims of a greater than 90% coral reef mortality after the 2015-’16 El Niño event are common in media circles (“93 Percent Of The Great Barrier Reef Is Practically Dead“).

Yet GBR expert Dr. Peter Ridd reports (at the 6:00 mark) that even the “extreme” estimate of reef deaths may not have exceeded 8%, and that corals “can actually recover from that within a year.”

Further, Ridd states that between 2011 and 2016, there was a 250% increase in coral cover in the southern GBR, and the abundance of corals in 2019 is no less than 1985.

In a new paper (Davis et al., 2019), scientists compare the growth (calcification) rates for corals observed in the 1970s at One Tree Island (Great Barrier Reef) to today.

Though it’s thought it may take about 9-12 years for corals to recover from El Niño disturbances (Guoezo et al., 2019), Davis and colleagues document a 400% increase in coral growth rates between 2014 and 2017, or before and after the “devastating” 2015-’16 El Niño event.

Furthermore, when comparing the 1970s to 2017, they find calcification rates were “comparable” for corals over the 50-year period.

Long-term observations would appear to offer necessary context to claims that climate change is igniting irreparable and unprecedented harm to coral ecosystems.

Image Source: Davis et al., 2019
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Two Economists Warn Germany Will See “Completely Different Demonstrations” On Friday As Climate Hysteria Demolishes Industry

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The German automobile industry today continues to be the real engine driving the country’s economy, but that may dramatically change for the worse – soon – according to economists Matthias Weik and Marc Friedrich in a commentary at the online news portal of the (German Midsize Companies News – DMN).

The two authors focus on the economic direction of the German economy and how it is seriously threatened by the country’s obsession with climate protection and how policymakers are neglecting its key industry: automobiles.

Weik and Friedrich say that German policymakers are naive, and are in the process of ruining the German economy in their panic to rescue the planet from an alleged climate meltdown.

“Everybody is talking about the climate, yet no one is talking about the economic climate,” Weik and Friedrich say.

“Hard as nails” recession threatens Germany

The two economists warn of a coming recession, one that will be “hard as nails” as the ecological activist onslaught on German industry picks up.

According to the Weik and Friedrich, already “the seasonally adjusted and real order intake of German industry fell by 8.6 percent compared to the same month last year! For the tenth month in a row it is going down!”

“Companies such as Deutsche Bank, BASF, Bayer, Siemens, Thyssen, Ford have begun “massive job cuts or announced plans to do so”.

The two authors say that new buzzwords, such as “unemployment” and “layoffs”, will soon be dominating the media and that “no one will talk about the shortage of skilled workers any more, let alone climate change”.

Climate activist policymakers “negligently gamble away” prosperity 

They write that the outlook for Germany’s key industry, automobiles, “is pitch-black” as the assault against the internal combustion engine continues unrelentingly.

The authors write: “If we actually continue to destroy our car industry – which accounts for 21 percent of our GDP – then everyone must be aware of the consequences.”

These consequences would mean economic shock waves not only for Germany, but also for Europe which massively relies on revenues generated by the German automotive industry, the authors explain.

Weik and Friedrich write that Germany’s policies “negligently gamble away” prosperity and that the “coming climate change in the economy will nip all irrelevant sham debates in the bud.”

“People in the streets”…”different demonstrations on Fridays”

They add: “The heated discussions and hysteria are a sign of the famous late Roman decadence and a warning sign of the crash. For many who demonstrate today, there will be no jobs in Germany tomorrow.”

Weik and Friedrich warn that as the “economic climate changes drastically and more and more people are standing in the streets without work […] we will see completely different demonstrations on Fridays. But then it will be too late.”

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New Study Shows Southeast Asia Climatic Variability Over Past Two Millennia, Likely Solar Driven – Deflate CO2 As Main Driver

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Amazing: A proxy study of Laos finds natural variability in hydrometeorology, a little Ice Age, and other substantial climate changes in the pre-greenhouse gas era.

Who would have thought! (sarcasm)

Hat-tip: NTZ reader Mary Brown.

University of California Irvine researcher Jessica Wang and her team of researchers find plenty of natural climate variability in Southeast Asia over the past 2000 years and a positive correlation with solar activity. Photo credit: Jessica K. Wang.

In a recently published paper published by a team lead by Jessica Wang of the Department of Earth System Science, University of California Irvine titled: “Hydroclimatic variability in Southeast Asia over the past two millennia,” in the journal of Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Wang et al found good evidence of a positive correlation with solar activity since 1200 CE, “contrary to the findings in previous studies”.

Wang is developing high-resolution and precisely dated stalagmite stable isotope records (of C and O) to evaluate past hydroclimate variability. She and her team of researchers compare the new records with regional tree-ring records and stalagmite records from the broader Asian monsoon region to better understand regional hydroclimate dynamics.

The researchers use global climate model simulations to better understand the role external forcings (i.e., solar activity) have on precipitation variability over the last two millennia.

What follows is the paper’s abstract:

The spatiotemporal variability of the Asian Monsoon (AM) over the last two millennia has been attributed to a combination of external solar and volcanic forcing and/or internal coupled atmosphere-ocean dynamics, but the relative importance of these mechanisms remains unresolved. The present knowledge of multidecadal to centennial-scale AM variability over Mainland Southeast Asia is not well-constrained, despite substantial progress in understanding seasonal to decadal variability from tree ring records. Here we present the first high-resolution stable isotope (δ13C and δ18O) speleothem record from northern Laos spanning the Common Era (∼50 BCE to 1880 CE). The δ13C record reveals substantial centennial-scale fluctuations primarily driven by local water balance. Notably, the driest period at our site occurred from ∼1280 to 1430 CE, during the time of the Angkor droughts, supporting previous findings that this megadrought likely impacted much of Mainland Southeast Asia. In contrast, variations in stalagmite δ18O reflect changes in rainfall upstream from our study site. Interestingly, the δ18O record exhibits a positive correlation with solar activity that persists after 1200 CE, contrary to the findings in previous studies. Solar-forced climate model simulations reveal that these δ18O variations may be driven by solar-forced changes in upstream rainout over the tropical Indian Ocean, which modify the δ18O of moisture transported to our study site without necessarily affecting local rainfall amount. We conclude that future rainfall changes in Mainland Southeast Asia are likely to be superimposed on multidecadal to centennial-scale variations in background climate driven primarily by internal climate variability, whereas solar forcing may impact upstream rainout over the Indian Ocean.”

Yet another paper showing that climate variability was common over the past 2000 years without added CO2 from man.

Confirmed by 100s of studies

Alarmists may wish to dismiss these findings, but Wang’s results are in line with those of hundreds of other studies.

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Greta’s Transatlantic Sail Turning Into Grand Farce…Will Wind Up Causing Many More Tons Of CO2 Emissions!

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Climate poster child Greta’s is sailing across the Atlantic instead of flying – in order to minimize the climate impact.

Teenage climate rescue warrior Greta Thunberg. Image source: Greta’s Twitter site

5 crewmen to fly over to New York

But German online leftist daily TAZ here has uncovered that Greta’s climate publicity jaunt is going to wind up creating a massive carbon stomp, one far greater than anyone would have dared to imagine.

The TAZ writes that Greta would have been far gentler to the climate had she simply taken a commercial airliner. The reason, the TAZ writes, is because a crew of 5 men will have to fly over to New York in order to take the boat back!

This is what Andreas Kling, press spokesman for Thunberg’s skipper Boris Herrmann, told the TAZ on Thursday.

“There’s no other way,” said Kling!

10 tons instead of 4

Citing carbon emissions calculator site atmosfair, each crewman flying from Hamburg to New York will emit 2 tons of CO2 for the flight, i.e. a total of 10 tons. Had Greta simply taken a roundtrip commercial economy-class flight, she would have wound up emitting less than 4 tons.

The 16-year-old Greta and her father set sail last Wednesday afternoon on board the ocean-going yacht Malizia II with two sailors and a publicity filmmaker.

Hundreds of journalists travel to Plymouth

Moreover, “hundreds of journalists, supporters and spectators” travelled to Plymouth to watch Greta’s departure, thus adding enormously to the carbon emissions that the trip was supposed to reduced. The journalists could have witnessed here departure via live feed or a webcam rather than travelling in automobiles and what not to Plymouth.

Spokesman Kling says now they are considering sending Greta back from New York via cargo container ship.

Gee, cutting back fossil fuels “not easy” after all

Aware that the trip is possibly turning into public relations farce, sailor Herrmann told the TAZ: “The journey symbolizes two things: that it is not easy to replace fossil fuels and that mastering this challenge can be a great adventure”.

 

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Natural Variability Domination: Defying Models, Scientists Find LESS Extreme Precipitation In Recent Decades

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Higher frequencies of drought and extreme rainfall are assumed to be associated with modern climate change. But long-term studies in both hemispheres indicate extreme precipitation patterns were more common prior to the 20th and 21st centuries. Natural variability dominates precipitation patterns so thoroughly that an anthropogenic signal cannot be detected in observed records.

Internal climate variability (ICV) masks detection of an anthropogenic influence in extreme rainfall patterns (Bhatia and Ganguly, 2019).

Image Source: Bhatia and Ganguly, 2019

Contrary to modeled expectations, there has been no “coherent picture” of an increase in extreme precipitation on a global scale in recent decades (Tabari and Willems, 2018).

Image Source: Tabari and Willems, 2018

There has been “little unequivocal evidence” of an acceleration of the hydrological cycle on a global scale in recent decades. Instead, recent trends are “caused by internal climate variability” (Miralles et al., 2016).

Image Source: Miralles et al., 2016

“No evidence was found for changes in extreme precipitation attributable to climate change in the available observed record” (van der Wiel et a., 2016).

Image Source: van der Wiel et a., 2016

“Natural variability appears to dominate current observed trends” in precipitation extremes (Kendon et al., 2018).

Image Source: Kendon et al., 2018

Since 1983, there has been no increasing or decreasing trends in precipitation detected on a global scale (Nguyen et al., 2018).

Image Source: Nguyen et al., 2018

There have been “no significant trends” in extreme precipitation (floods or droughts) on the East and West US coasts observed in the last 145 years. Further, “significant drought conditions that were common prior to 1900 have not been experienced by the present population“(Christy, 2019).

Image Source: Christy, 2019

There are “no significant annual trends” in extreme precipitation in central China (Yellow River region). Actually, warmingwould bring less extreme heavy precipitation” (Jiang et al., 2019).

Image Source: Jiang et al., 2019

Not warm, but “cold tropical Pacific Ocean conditions are the principal driver of pan-[continental United States] droughts” (Baek et al., 2019).

Image Source: Baek et al., 2019

For Antarctica as a whole, “there has been no significant change in the precipitation from EPEs [extreme precipitation events] over the period considered here [1979-2016]” (Turner et al., 2019).

Image Source: Turner et al., 2019

An intensification of the hydrological cycle – the wet-gets-wetter-dry-gets-drier paradigm – was more evident prior to the 20th century according to Northern Hemisphere proxy evidence over the last 1200 years (Ljungqvist et al., 2016).

Image Source: Ljungqvist et al., 2016

Megadroughts and flood events “were more severe, extensive, and prolonged over Northern Hemisphere land areas before the 20th century” (Cook et al., 2015).

Image Source: Cook et al., 2015

For the Southern Hemisphere (Australia), extreme patterns in drought and flood events were “signficantly longer and more frequent” prior to 1900 (Tozer et al., 2016).

Image Source:   Tozer et al., 2016

Extreme daily rainfall events were “more extreme [during 1839-1899] than anything in the modern record” for the Australian cities of Melbourne, Sydney, and Adelaide (Ashcroft et al., 2019).

Image Source: Ashcroft et al., 2019
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Slow Hurricane Season No Surprise As Tropical Storm Trends Defy Climate Alarmist Warnings

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Recently NTZ published a post on a study which examined Vietnam tropical cyclone activity.

The study found that for Vietnam “none of the meteorological trends such as frequency, central pressure, wind speed, or storm intensity show any significant increase or decrease over the last four decades.”

But such a trend is not only seen for Vietnam, but virtually the entire Pacific. For example Japanese climate blogger Kirye compiled the stats on Japan typhoon landfalls and here we see they have not risen significantly, and the number of typhoons formed has even fallen:

Number of typhoons formed: . Number of typhoons landings in Japan:

At his latest Saturday Summary, meteorologist Joe Bastardi shows that this year’s hurricane season is off to a slow start as conditions in the main development zone will remain unfavorable for at least another week.

All of this tells us that global warming alarmists’ warnings of more frequent and intense storms have been completely WRONG so far.

Hurricane frequency falling

Now we look further at the statistics for global tropical storm activity from expert Dr. Ryan Maue here:

Also no trend in major hurricanes since 1992. Image: Dr. Ryan Maue

Looking at total global tropical storms, Dr. Maue’s data show no trend in close to 50 years:

The next time someone claims tropical cyclones have gotten worse and more frequent, you might want to tell them to look at the data and to stop parroting alarmist nonsense spread by the media.

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Climate Hustler, Partner At ‘Beyond Meat’ Largest Investor, Al Gore Moves To Profit Big From Anti-Meat Drive

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Well, wouldn’t you know it!  There he is again – behind another multi-million-dollar money-making scheme.

Al Gore is standing to rake in millions from a World Resources Institute meat consumption reduction report, one that will certainly help boost profits for the meat substitute manufacturers – in which Gore just happens to be a big stakeholder!

Al Gore has ties to meat consumption reduction report while holding huge stake in substitute meat company. Image: cropped here M4GW.

CNN recently reported here on the just published report from the global research nonprofit World Resources Institute. The 568-page report dubbed “Creating a Sustainable Food Future” recommends, among other actions, eating far less beef in order to rescue the planet.

Gore hack is WRI co-chair

But according to S___  at a thread at Twitter (see below), the WRI’s Co-Chair is David Blood. “David Blood is former Goldman Sachs’ Asset Management head who founded Generation Investment Management with Al Gore, yes that Al Gore,” S___writes under point no. 3.

So the report is now looking more and more like a junk-science-based instrument designed to boost the plant-based substitute meat industry, which include major companies such as Beyond Meat.

Kleiner Perkins: biggest Beyond Meat investor

Generation Investment Management is connected to Kleiner Perkins, where former Vice President Al Gore is one of its partners and advisors.

Who’s Kleiner Perkins? It turns out they are Beyond Meat’s biggest investor, according to bizjournals.com here. Beyond Meat is a Los Angeles-based producer of plant-based meat substitutes founded in 2009 by Ethan Brown. The company went public in May and just weeks later the more than quadrupled in there value.

Yes, Al Gore, partner and advisor to Kleiner Perkins, Beyond Meat’s big investor, stands to haul in millions, should governments move to restrict real meat consumption and force citizens to swallow the dubious substitutes and fakes.

If taken seriously, the World Research Institute Report, backed by Gore hacks, will help move the transition over to substitute meats far more quickly.

According to S___:

All these “We need to cut beef consumption to save the planet” stories originate from the World Resources Institute whose co-chair is a partner in the firm that collaborates w/ the main investor in and his co-founder is a partner in the main investor.”

Another dubious money making scheme that reeks of ethics violations and that needs to be investigated.

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New Paper: CO2 Rise + Warming Are 91% Responsible For The Earth’s Accelerated Greening Trend Since 1990

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Satellite observations indicate the Earth has become much greener in recent decades. According to scientists, the overwhelming majority of the “significant increases in tropical forests and the forests of North America, Eurasia, and China” since the early 1990s can be attributed to the combination of CO2 fertilization (56%) and climate change (35%).

Image Source: O’Sullivan et al., 2019

O’Sullivan et al., 2019

“The recent warming hiatus (1998–2013) was identified as a potential key mechanism behind the increased land sink during this period via reduced ecosystem respiration (Ballantyne et al., 2017).”
At the global scale, simulated NPP [net primary production, greening] increased substantially over the 20th century to present day from 56.2 (mean of 1901–1910) to 66.0 Pg C/year (mean of 2007–2016) with positive contributions from all drivers considered, including rising CO2 concentrations (referred to as CO2 fertilization), nitrogen deposition, climate, and carbon‐nitrogen as well as carbon‐climate synergies. The relative contribution of these drivers to this overall NPP increase amounts to 60% for increased CO2, 15% for nitrogen deposition, 8% for carbon‐nitrogen synergy, 9% for carbon‐climate synergy, and 8% for climate. Both CO2 fertilization and nitrogen deposition individually caused a smooth, transient increase in NPP, in line with the trajectory of the corresponding drivers.”
[R]esults show a global NPP [net primary production, greening] increase of 3.4 Pg C/year between the early 1990s (mean of 1990–1996) and the end of our study period (2010–2016), with CO2 fertilization and climate being the dominant drivers, accounting for 56% and 35% of the overall change, respectively.”
Carbonclimate interactions led to significant increases in tropical forests and the forests of North America, Eurasia, and China.”

A dozen new papers attest to the substantially positive impact that CO2 fertilization and warming has had on the biosphere.

Due especially to the rise in CO2 concentrations, 52% of the globe’s vegetated lands have shown statistically significant greening/gross primary production trends since 1981, whereas just 12% of vegetated areas have been browning. CO2’s greening effect has been underestimated by 60% with outdated models.

Image Source: Winkler et al., 2019

Winkler et al., 2019

Historical increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration, from 280 to current 400 ppm, has resulted in enhanced GPP [gross primary production/greening] due to its radiative and physiological effects, which is indirectly evident in amplified seasonal swings of atmospheric CO2 concentration and large scale increase in summer time green leaf area. Thus, these observables, expressed as sensitivities to ambient CO2 concentration, might serve as predictors of changes in GPP and help to reduce uncertainty in multimodel projections of terrestrial carbon cycle entities. This study is focused on the northern high latitudes (NHL, north of 60°N) where significant and linked changes in climate and vegetation have been observed in the past 3–4 decades: 52% of the vegetated lands show statistically significant greening trends over the 36-year record of satellite observations (1981–2016, Methods), while only 12% show browning trends, mostly in the North American boreal forests due to disturbances.”
“Here, we apply the concept of Emergent Constraints (EC) to reduce uncertainty in multi-model projections of GPP using historical simulations and satellite observations of LAI focusing on NHL. We find that the EC estimate [of the effect of CO2 on greening/GPP] is 60% larger than the commonly accepted multi-model mean value, in line with a recent study that assessed the impact of physiological effects of higher CO2 concentration on GPP of northern hemispheric extra-tropical vegetation. Detailed independent analyses of insitu CO2 measurements and atmospheric inversions imbue confidence in our conclusions. Our central finding is, the effect of ambient CO2 concentration on terrestrial photosynthesis is larger than previously thought, and thus, has important implications for future carbon cycle and climate.”

According to observations, the Earth – especially its dryland regions – has been greening due to climate change (CO2 and temperature rise).

Brandt et al., 2019

Recent Earth observation studies find a greening of the Earth and in particular in global drylands, which is commonly interpreted as a global increase in net primary production and has been attributed to climate change. Although changes in rainfall, fire regimes, elevated temperatures, atmospheric CO2 and nitrogen depositions are suggested explanations, only few studies provide quantitative evidence on both the biophysical processes (changes in vegetation cover, structure and composition) and controlling factors of long-term dryland vegetation trends.”

Qiu et al., 2019

Our results show that both net primary production (NPP) and heterotrophic respiration (HR) of northern peatlands increased over the past century in response to CO2 and climate change.”

The “remarkable” vegetation greening in the Yellow River Basin since 2000 is expected to continue for 73% of the region.

Image Source: Wang et al., 2019

Wang et al., 2019

Changes in Vegetation Greenness in the Upper and Middle Reaches of the Yellow River Basin over 2000–2015 … In this study, the vegetation dynamic characteristics were analyzed for unconverted forestland, shrubland, grassland, cropland, and converted forestland, shrubland, and grassland from cropland over 2000–2015 in the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River. … The results obtained were as follows: (1) Vegetation greening was remarkable in the entire study region (0.036 yr−1).”
“Overall greening trend in the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River indicated great achievements have been obtained since the implementation of the GTGP. Vegetation restoration exerted stronger influences on converted types from cropland than unconverted types. In the future, approximately 73.1% of the study region is expected to continue increasing [greening].”

 Water-use efficiency – the ability for plants to compensate for water loss – has improved directly due to “rising atmospheric CO2 and contemporary climate change.”

Cernusak et al., 2019

“Human-caused CO2 emissions over the past century have caused the climate of the Earth to warm and have directly impacted on the functioning of terrestrial plants. We examine the global response of terrestrial gross primary production (GPP) to the historic change in atmospheric CO2. The GPP of the terrestrial biosphere has increased steadily, keeping pace remarkably in proportion to the rise in atmospheric CO2. Water-use efficiency, namely the ratio of CO2 uptake by photosynthesis to water loss by transpiration, has increased as a direct leaf-level effect of rising CO2. This has allowed an increase in global leaf area, which has conspired with stimulation of photosynthesis per unit leaf area to produce a maximal response of the terrestrial biosphere to rising atmospheric CO2 and contemporary climate change.”

 A “large increase” in total biomass and improvement in water use efficiency is assessed for the Amazon region under elevated CO2 (700 ppm). Elevated CO2 “nullified” the effect of drought.

Oliveira and Marenco, 2019

“The large increase in total biomass and the substantial improvement in WUEP [water use efficiency] under eCO2 [elevated CO2, 700 ppm], and the sharp decline in leaf area under water stress widen our knowledge on the physiology of this important species for the forest management of large areas in the Amazon region.”
“Climate models predict an increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration and prolonged droughts in some parts of the Amazon, but the effect of elevated CO2 is still unknown. Two experiments (ambient CO2 ‒ 400 ppm and elevated CO2 ‒ 700 ppm) were conducted to assess the effect of drought (soil at 50% field capacity) on physiological parameters of Carapa. At ambient CO2 concentration, light-saturated net photosynthetic rate (PNsat) was reduced by 33.5% and stomatal conductance (gs) by 46.4% under drought, but the effect of drought on PNsat and gs was nullified at elevated CO2. Total plant biomass and leaf area production were also reduced (42‒47%) by drought. By changing leaf traits, Carapa is able to endure drought, as the consumptive use of water was reduced under drought (32‒40%). The improvement of PNsat under elevated CO2 and water stress and the leaf plasticity of Carapa broaden our understanding of the physiology of Amazonian trees.”

• Plants grown under elevated CO2 have “higher biomass, plant height, and leaf area.” Elevated CO2 “may mitigate the negative effects of water deficit” in soybeans.

Bencke-Malato et al., 2019

“In this study, we evaluated the individual and combinatory effects of E[CO2] [elevated CO2] and water deficit on the physiology and root molecular responses in soybean. Plants growing under E[CO2] [elevated CO2] exhibited increased photosynthesis that resulted in a higher biomass, plant height, and leaf area. E[CO2] decreased the transcripts levels of genes involved in iron uptake and transport, antioxidant activity, secondary metabolism and defense, and stress responses in roots. When plants grown under E[CO2] [elevated CO2] are treated  with instantaneous water deficit, E[CO2] reverted the expression of water deficit-induced genes related to stress, defense, transport and nutrient deficiency. Furthermore, the interaction of both treatments uniquely affected the expression of genes. Both physiological and transcriptomic analyses demonstrated that E[CO2] may mitigate the negative effects of water deficit on the soybean roots.”

 Elevated temperature and CO2 increased maize and soybean yield by 25%-31%.

Qiao et al., 2019

Maize had 25% yield increase under elevated temperature (eT). Soybean had 31% yield increase under elevated CO2 (eCO2) with eT. Elevated temperature with and without eCO2 increased grain oil concentrations.”

 Rice yield is “significantly higher” with elevated CO2.

Raj et al., 2019

Climate  change  associated  with  rising  atmospheric  carbon  dioxide  (CO2)  concentration  may  have  impact  on  crop production and soil health. Increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration may enhance crop growth with higher demand for nutrients by the crop. An experiment was conducted during July-October, 2013 using Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment facility at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi to study the impact of elevated CO2 and nitrogen (N) dose on growth, yield and nitrogen uptake in rice crop. Four doses of N, i.e., control, 0.6 g N pot-1 (75% recommended dose of N), 0.8 g N pot-1 (100% recommended dose of N) and 1.0 g N pot-1 (125% recommended dose of N) were applied in both ambient (395 ppm) and elevated CO2 (550±20 ppm)  conditions. Grain and biomass yield of rice was significantly higher under elevated CO2 condition. Plant growth and yield parameters also increased with increased N doses in both elevated and ambient CO2 conditions. Nitrogen concentration of grain and straw decreased under high CO2 level but N uptake increased under elevated CO2 condition. Agronomic efficiency of N was higher under elevated CO2 while recovery efficiency of N remained unaffected. The study showed that although yield of rice increases under elevated CO2 condition, to maintain plant nitrogen concentration, application of additional dose of N is required.”

 Trees “may temporally benefit from warming climate” in Asian boreal forests.

Zhang et al., 2019

While summer GST [ground surface temperature] had a somewhat consistently positive correlation with tree growth, winter GST has shifted from a negative to a strongly positive correlation with growth in the last decade, coincidental with a sharp increase in winter GST since 2004. Winter GST is also strongly correlated with the rapidly thawing permafrost dynamics. Overall, our results suggest a link between recent changes in the permafrost and shifts in climategrowth correlations for one of the main boreal tree species. As a result, L. gmelinii has experienced an important increase in radial growth that may indicate that, unlike what has been reported for other boreal species, it may temporally benefit from warming climate in the continuous permafrost region of the Asian boreal forests.”

 Due to climate change, the height growth for oak trees has been “significantly higher” during the last 30-35 years than the decades prior.

Gulyás et al., 2019

Due to climate change, it is important to know to what extent forests will be impacted by atmospheric changes. This study focuses on the height growth response of sessile oak.”
The relative top heights of the young stands were significantly higher than of the older stands, which means that the overall growing conditions were better in the last 30-35 years due to atmospheric changes than the mean conditions during the lifetime of old stands.”
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Japan May Soon Add To Growing Roster Of Major World Leaders Who Doubt Climate Alarmism

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NoTricksZone contributor Kirye provides us with a unique look at climate and energy developments in Japan.
===============================================

World may get another climate realist leader

By Kirye

As the working class struggles economically, signs of profound anti-establishment shifts are emerging in Japan, spurred on by a new political leader who is a climate and energy realist.

Rising Japanese political star Taro Yamamoto aims to shake up Japan’s crusty establishment down to the core. Image: Twitter here.

Growing poverty in Japan

In the House of Councillors election held on July 21, 2019, I voted for the recently founded Reiwa Shinsengumi party led by Taro Yamamoto . Why? According to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW), 57.7% of families, 81% of single mothers and 1 of 7 children feel impoverished. These are shockingly dismal social and economic indicators for one the richest countries on the planet.

Part of this is due to an increased tax burden that have made people unhappy and poorer while the super rich profit from tax cuts. Moreover, Japanese finance minister Tarō Asō suggested that Japan could even learn from constitutional changes made by the Nazi party! Japanese president Shinzo Abe spends time on the golf course.

In contrast Taro Yamamoto, leader of the newly minted Reiwa Shinsengumi party, helps out at soup kitchens and fights for Japan’s many forgotten citizens.

Enough is enough – historic election result

Today there’s finally a growing feeling among the Japanese citizenry that the country is in need of toppling establishment structures and bringing in a new president and political party who work for justice, life and on behalf of the poor.

In the recent Upper House election, Mr. Yamamoto hauled in 992,267 votes, and so was the candidate with the highest number of votes in history in proportional representation. Now the Reiwa Shinsengumi has gone from a political group to political party, and is becoming more famous as many Japanese media are reporting on the phenomenon.

Energy and climate realist

When it comes to energy, party leader Yamamoto wants to use natural gas thermal power as a main energy supply, and to end the use of nuclear power (Japan is an earthquake country, so his ideas are valid).

On climate, I personally have never heard Mr. Yamamoto mention that CO2 is bad, despite so many Japanese people having been brainwashed by the media into believing we have to cut CO2 emissions. Many Japanese have never even heard of Climategate. Where does he stand on climate?

Yamaoto at JAJ press conference.

To find out, last Wednesday I took part in a press conference held by the Journalists Association of Japan and had the opportunity to tell Mr. Yamamoto the real story of how CO2 is not climate’s main driver (1:34:34 mark and 1:38:00). In summary I told him: Just this year alone, almost 200 new papers which do not support the anthropogenic global warming theory have been published so far. Last year the number of skeptic papers was 504. Moreover, NASA’s website shows only 166 stations have data that go back to 1880, and less than 1000 stations have the data from January, 1919.

I also told Mr. Yamamoto how distinguished Japanese climate scientist Dr. Mototaka Nakamura, who used to work for NASA, reminds us that only 5% of Earth’s surface has been adequately measured by thermometer over past 100 years and how the surface temperatures have been substantially affected by the urban heat island effect. Also how the real world’s temperature remains a far cry from the IPCC’s prediction.

He answered:  “In a sense it is wonderful if the fact spreads abroad and that it is controversial.”

He added:

Some people say that warming is not good, and are criticizing me because I aim breaking with nuclear power generation and I am pushing the generation of thermal power.”

This is a fresh perspective that has long been lacking in Japan, and so Mr. Yamamoto could act as a figure for changing public perception on the issues of climate and energy. Eventually the facts will win out because the sham cannot hide reality for long.

Growing roster of worldwide climate realist leaders – alarmists in panic

Already a number of worldwide leaders have expressed strong doubts on CO2 being the dangerous climate driver, for example US President Donald Trump, Russia President Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister Scott Morrison of Australia and the UK’s Boris Johnson. Others include Eastern European leaders, Italy’s Matteo Salvini and Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro. The momentum is real. So it’s little wonder global warming alarmists are becoming increasingly spooked and hysterical.

Some people believe that Mr. Yamamoto will be the next President of Japan, and I hope so. If it becomes reality, the world will be adding yet another climate realist to the growing roster of climate-realist leaders.

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Typhoon Data Contradict Alarmist Claims… Vietnam: No Significant Increase In Storm Intensity Over Past Four Decades!

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A new paper appearing in the journal Urban Climate titled “Statistics on typhoon landfalls in Vietnam: Can recent increases in economic damage be attributed to storm trends?“, authored by Hiroshi Takagi, shows that tropical storm claims often made by climate alarmists are more fiction than fact.

Tropical storm. Image: NASA

The paper concludes “it is reasonable to attribute the expansion of disaster-related economic damage to economic development and the fundamental volatility of typhoons.”

Hat-tip: reader Mary Brown

It also concludes:  “None of the meteorological trends such as frequency, central pressure, wind speed, or storm intensity show any significant increase or decrease over the last four decades.”

What follows is the paper’s abstract:

The Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT) indicates that the economic damage associated with storms has been rapidly growing in Vietnam. By contrast, the fatality rate due to storm-relevant disasters has been declining in recent decades. This study investigates whether typhoon trends have affected these outcomes. Best track data from the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) were examined to estimate central pressure and wind speed when typhoons made landfall. From 1977 to 2017, typhoons with wind speeds above 20 knots struck the country 105 times. A statistical analysis, which defined a storm’s intensity using principal component analysis (PCA), revealed that Typhoon Doksuri in 2017 was the strongest among the collection, followed by Cecil in 1985, Xangsane in 2006, and Damrey in 2017. The worst storm in history, Typhoon Linda in 1997, claimed over 3500 lives in southern Vietnam, but was only ranked 37th, demonstrating that typhoon intensity is not always the determining factor of fatalities.

Moreover, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) illustrates that none of the meteorological trends such as frequency, central pressure, wind speed, or storm intensity show any significant increase or decrease over the last four decades. However, landfall frequency has risen significantly, particularly in the northernmost part of the country where two large cities, Hanoi and Hai Phong, are located. A strong correlation was found between intensity and recent economic damage (r = 0.80) based on the proposed index of positive annual landfall storm intensity (PALSI). Given all of these factors, it is reasonable to attribute the expansion of disaster-related economic damage to economic development and the fundamental volatility of typhoons.”

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Malfeasant Omissions? German Flagship ARD Broadcasting One-Sided, Drama-Making Sea Level Reporting

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What follows is another example of the tricks the mainstream media use to produce fake drama and urgency concerning sea level rise and climate change – namely omissions – and how geologist Sebastian Lüning held their feet to the fire.

Geologist Dr. Sebastian Lüning puts German ARD broadcasting’s feet to the climate fire. Photo. Die kalte Sonne.

Dr. Sebastian Lüning wrote a complaint to German ARD public broadcasting concerning its December 2, 2018, one-sided reporting of the Indian island of Ghoramara and the sea level rise it is allegedly experiencing. The €6.9 billion euro publicly funded, 22,612-employee ARD is the German equivalent to the UK’s BBC.

What follows is the exchange between Lüning and the ARD editorial staff:
======================================

From: Dr. Sebastian Lüning
To: NDR Rundfunkrat

Date: 3 December 2018

Dear Ladies and Gentlemen,

On December 2, 2018, you reported on the Tagesschau.de evening news on the Indian island of Ghoramara, which according to your report is “sinking into the sea” due to climate change.

https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/indien-klima-ghoramara-101.html

In concrete terms, the report cites rising sea levels as the only cause. This, however, distorts the facts, as the shrinking of the island actually has a number of reasons. Although the globally rising sea level plays a role, other processes are much more important, which your correspondent Bernd Musch-Borowska fails to mention a single word about and thus ultimately over-dramatizes the role of climate change. This is all the more regrettable because the report appeared on the first day of the Katowice Climate Conference and thus casts the technical robustness of your reporting in to doubt.

In view of the enormous importance of climate change in the public debate, you should make additional efforts to avoid such one-sided and technically unbalanced presentations in your program, e.g. by consulting experts before publication.

The island of Ghoramara lies at the mouth of the Ganges. As in many deltas of the earth, strong currents prevail here, which lead to a constant rearrangement of sediment and a systematic shifting of the islands. Similar coastal dynamic processes can be observed in the area of the East Frisian Islands.

The island of Ghoramara and neighboring islands in the Sundarbans have therefore always been exposed to major morphological changes. In addition, there is a rate of subsidence of several millimeters per year, which is also typical for deltas, an amount which even exceeds the global (eustatic) sea-level rise of 2-3 millimeters per year. In addition, the construction of several dams in the catchment area of the Ganges has led to a reduced sediment load in the river and delta, further exacerbating erosion.

Also activities on the island of Ghoramara have made the problem worse. Strong groundwater removal has led to an additional compaction and lowering of the island. In addition, the islanders have removed part of the protective mangrove vegetation in the process of creating additional arable land, leaving the soil vulnerable to erosion during storms.

If you are interested, I would be happy to provide you with the relevant technical literature.

The Tagesschau article falsely suggests that sea-level rise is the main problem for Ghoramara. This is wrong. What is true is that the shrinking of the island of Ghoramara has a variety of causes, which can be divided into 1) natural, 2) non-climatic anthropogenic and 3) climatic anthropogenic causes. I would therefore like to ask you – at the same place as the original report – to list the complete range of causes so as not to provide a basis for accusations of climate dramatization on the occasion of the current climate conference in Katowice.
Best regards,
Dr. habil. Sebastian Lüning
Geoscientist

But the editor-in-chief of ARD, Dr. Kai Gniffke, finally replied evasively on January 4, 2019. The pdf of the reply can be found here. In the reply, the ARD defended its report, writing: “Unfortunately it is not possible to address all backgrounds and developments in daily reporting.”

To which Lüning responded:

From: Dr. Sebastian Lüning
To: NDR Broadcasting Council [ARD]
Date: 10 January 2019
Dear Dr. Nenz,
Dear Dr. Gniffke,

Thank you for sending the statement. Of course, the answer is not satisfactory, because you reply to my accusation of selective and distorted reporting by claiming that the climate conference and the scarcity of the reporting justify the deliberate omission of important contextual information. The incomplete presentation, however, automatically leads to an artificial dramatization. Ultimately, it is deliberate cherry-picking.

The editorial team is thus in the same line as the former editor of the Süddeutsche Zeitung, Christopher Schrader, who in your program ZAPP openly admitted that in his articles he follows a personal mission and prefers to leave scientific uncertainties unmentioned in order to prevent citizens from becoming unrestful and doubting the energy revolution.

https://www.ndr.de/fernsehen/sendungen/zapp/Von-wegen-Klima-Wissenschaftsjournalisten-wettern,klima302.html

I was also surprised that another mistake had crept into your answer. You wrote that there are “more violent and more frequent storms” in the area of the Indian island of Ghoramara due to climate change. This is also wrong, especially as it is not even claimed in your original article. Studies in the northern Indian Ocean have not found a trend in tropical cyclones for the last three decades. See Hoarau et al. 2012:

https://rmets.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/joc.2406

It would be really important that you introduce quality assurance measures in your ARD editorial office in the area of climate change reporting in order to avoid such obvious mistakes and distortions. As you may know, this is not the first case. As an example, I would like to mention your reporting on the warming of the North Sea in 2017:

http://www.kaltesonne.de/um-antwort-wird-gebeten-der-fall-nordsee-erwarmung/

For the sake of transparency, I would also like to ask you to allow us to publish your Ghoramara statement on the website www.kaltesonne.de.
Yours sincerely,

Dr. habil. Sebastian Lüning

Again the ARD editors followed by dodging the facts of their poor reporting in a response to Lüning’s message above, even going so far as to deny everything. What follows is their response to Lünings accusations:

From: Dr. Kai Gniffke (Editor-in-Chief ARD-aktuell)
To: Dr. Sebastian Lüning
Date: 25 January 2019

Dear Dr. Lüning,

We regret that our detailed response to your program complaint was not satisfactory from your point of view. As we have already stated in the opinion, we believe that the situation of Ghoramara has been accurately described in the criticized report. In principle, not all aspects of a complex issue can be presented in a single contribution. We understand your comments as a suggestion and have already written that an in-depth consideration, for example in the context of a longer radio feature, is conceivable.

In your reply, you also mentioned our report on the warming of the North Sea in 2017, which you also criticized. We refer you to our corresponding statement, which you had already published on your website. You are also welcome to publish our most recent statement there.

We thank you for your comments and assure you that we will continue to report on climate change and its impacts.
Yours sincerely,

Dr. Kai Gniffke
First Editor-in-Chief ARD-aktuell

Clearly the ARD’s reporting was sloppy and intentionally one-sided with the aim of generating climate urgency. And the reactions by its editors told us us they had no plans to change anything with regards to quality control and its obligations to viewers.

But today, months later, Die kalte Sonne here informs that ARD editor Kai Gniffke has left the ARD. But don’t expect the quality of climate science reporting to improve at ARD any time soon.

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New Temperature Reconstruction Shows Asia’s Tianshan Mountains Were 1-2°C Warmer During The 1700s

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Yet another region of the globe has not warmed (net) for the last 333 years.

The authors of a new study (Jiao et al., 2019) point out that temperature changes in the Tianshan mountains are “mainly influenced by the solar activity via the mean minimum temperature within approximately 11-year periods.”

Despite some warming since the 1950s, the authors do not maintain CO2 changes were an influencing climate factor in the 1680-2012 reconstruction.

The 1708-1801 period is shown to be about 1-2°C warmer than the the 1950-2012 period.

Jiao et al., 2019

Regional climate change is affected by large-scale climate-forcing factors, such as solar activity and atmospheric–oceanic variability (Fang et al., 2010; Linderholm et al., 2015; Rydval et al., 2017). On the one hand, based on the MTM analysis results, the temperature changes in the study area are mainly influenced by the solar activity via the mean minimum temperature within approximately 11-year periods (Li et al., 2006; Wang et al., 2015). The tree-ring chronology was developed by samples of Schrenk spruce collected from the National Nature Reserve of the Western Tianshan Mountains. The mean minimum temperature in the growing season is the main and stable limiting climate factor. Therefore, the mean minimum temperature series in the growing season during 1680–2012 was reconstructed based on the STD chronology.”
“In the past 333 years, the mean minimum temperature has roughly experienced three relatively cold periods and relatively warm stages (relatively cold periods: 1680–1707, 1802–1911 and 1935–1997; relatively warm periods: 1708–1801, 1912–1934 and 1998–2012). By analyzing similar trends in regional temperature changes in our reconstruction series with drought events, large volcanic eruptions and other reconstruction series around the study regions in Xinjiang and even large-scale regions, we found that the mean minimum temperature of the reconstruction was accurate and reliant. Moreover, the mean minimum temperature was influenced by solar activity (sunspots) and large-scale atmospheric–oceanic fluctuations (NAO, WPO, ENSO, TBO) based on the MTM and spatial correlation analysis.”
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German Agency For Disaster Preparedness Calls On Citizens To “Be Ready For Widespread Blackouts”

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The President of the German Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe (Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief, abbreviated BKK) is calling on citizens, government offices and companies to be prepared for widespread blackouts.

In an interview with German national daily Die Welt, BBK President Christoph Unger warned that in the future Germany faced higher probabilities of natural disasters arising from climate change, such as droughts, heat waves and flooding, but said his greatest concern was a power outage.

“After 24 hours without electricity we would have catastrophic conditions,” Unger told Die Welt.

He was particularly concerned about how the power supply could be switched off by a cyber attack. “We have to prepare ourselves for such a scenario and prepare ourselves for it”.

Unstable grid, more frequent interventions

He then told Die Welt that although the German power supply is relatively stable and secure in a global comparison, “the German Federal Grid Agency is having to intervene more and more frequently in order to compensate for grid fluctuations.”

Over the years Germany has added more and more volatile supplies of wind and solar power to feed into its power grid. This has made keeping the frequency within the needed range an increasingly difficult challenge.

“Faced multiple collapses”

For example, the German DWN here reported how in June earlier this year “Europe’s electricity grid faced multiple collapses” and how grid frequency in Germany had “plummeted several times to such an extent that Europe’s entire power grid had been endangered.” Some aluminum mills had to be taken offline.

Keep candles and matches on hand

To prepare for blackouts, Unger told Die Welt that citizens needed to keep “candles and matches” and always have a “batter-powered radio on hand in order to be able to receive news even when the power is out.” He added: “Every household should have a supply of food and drinking water.”

Diesel backup generators to the rescue

Ironically Unger told Die Welt that government offices and companies to ask themselves: “Is there enough diesel fuel on hand to power an emergency back-up generator? Where will the diesel come from when the electricity has not yet returned after two days but the back-up generators have to continue running and diesel can only be pumped from the tank farms with electric pumps?”

Is this the future of the European power supply? Citizens using matches, candles and battery-powered radios to getb through power blackouts and companies and government offices relying on emergency backup diesel generators? Sounds like the 1950s.

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Expensive Especially For Home Owners! Wind Turbines Can Decrease Property Values By Up To 23%, German Study Finds!

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Wind energy is not only an eyesore in the middle of what is often times an idyllic landscape and an unreliable source of power, but it is also expensive – especially if you are a homeowner nearby a wind park a German study has found.
=============================================
Hat-tip: Die kalte Sonne

Industrial turbines knock down property values. Image: Pierre Gosselin

Wind turbines lead to property value loss

RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung

A study by the Germany-based RWI Leibniz Institute for Economic Research shows that wind turbines can lead to falling prices for single-family homes in the immediate vicinity.

The value of a house one kilometer away from a wind turbine drops by an average of a good 7 percent. For the study, RWI evaluated almost 3 million sales offers on the Immoscout24 online portal.

The most important results:

– The effect decreases with increasing distance from the wind turbine. At a distance of eight to nine kilometres, wind turbines no longer have any effect on property prices.

– The researchers attribute the loss in value of the properties to the negative effects of wind turbines on their immediate surroundings – such as noise and disturbance of the landscape.

– As the RWI study shows, not all properties suffer the same loss in value: old houses in rural areas are hardest hit. Here, the loss in value within the one-kilometer radius can even amount to 23 percent. In contrast, houses on the outskirts of cities hardly lose any value at the same distance from a wind turbine. This could be due to the fact that in urban areas disturbances of the landscape or noise are less noticeable than in rural areas.

“Even if wind power plays an important role in the success of the energy system transformation, the effects for property owners can be serious in individual cases,” says Manuel Frondel, head of the “Environment and Resources” competence area at RWI. “Installing a wind turbine can cost homeowners tens of thousands of euros.“

For the study, RWI evaluated almost 3 million sales offers that appeared on the Immoscout24 online portal between 2007 and 2015. The effects on real estate prices were estimated using a hedonic price model that takes into account the exact distance between the wind turbines and the single-family houses in question, as well as the many properties of the houses and the socio-economic environment.

Contact:
Prof. Dr. Manuel Frondel Tel.: +49 0201 81 49-204
Leonard Goebel (Pressestelle) Tel.: +49 0201 81 49-210

This press release is based on the Ruhr Economic Paper #791 ” Low Cost for Global Benefit: The Case of Wind Turbines”. It can be downloaded as a pdf file at http://www.rwi-essen.de/publikationen/ruhr-economic-papers/976/ The “Welt am Sonntag” of 20.01.2018 reports on the results of the study under the heading “Wind power destroys real estate values”.

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For Most Of The Last 10,000 Years, Greenland Ice Sheet and Glacier Volume Was Smaller Than Today

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Most of the ice currently melting on Greenland only formed during the last few hundred years.

Image Source: Mikkelson et al., 2018

A new paper (Axford et al., 2019) reveals NW Greenland’s “outlet glaciers were smaller than today from ~9.4 to 0.2 ka BP” (9,400 to 200 years before 1950), and that “most of the land-based margin reached its maximum Holocene extent in the last millennium and likely the last few hundred years.”

The authors conclude:

“We infer based upon lake sediment organic and biogenic content that in response to declining temperatures, North Ice Cap reached its present-day size ~1850 AD, having been smaller than present through most of the preceding Holocene.”

Furthermore, the authors assert Greenland was 2.5°C to 3°C warmer than modern on average during the Holocene Thermal Maximum, and peak temperatures were 4°C to 7°C warmer.

Image Source: Axford et al., 2019

Another new paper ( Schweinsberg et al., 2019) indicates the most pronounced glacier expansion in West Greenland has occurred during the last 2,000 years.

“Our records reveal asynchronous regrowth of GIC between ~4.3 and 2 ka emphasizing the variable responses of individual glaciers to late Holocene climate changes on Nuussuaq. The subsequent millennia were characterized by gradually increasing glacier size in accordance with gradual declining summer insolation. Superimposed on the progressive increase in glacier growth are frequent, high-amplitude GIC fluctuations throughout the late Holocene; the most significant periods of GIC expansion occurred at ~3.7 and 2.8 ka, and throughout the past ~2 ka.”

Image Source: Schweinsberg et al., 2019

The authors cite a Greenland Ice Sheet temperature reconstruction showing modern temperatures (extending through 2015) are not unusual in the context of the last 10,000 years.

Image Source: Schweinsberg et al., 2019

The source for the Schweinsberg et al. (2019) Greenland temperature reconstruction is Kobashi et al., 2017, who concluded a) Greenland was about 2.9°C warmer than today during the Early Holocene, b) there has been no obvious net warming since the 1930s, and a c) slight cooling trend since 2005 (in accord with North Atlantic cooling).

Image Source: Kobashi et al., 2017
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Climate Ambulance Chasers Glum: Pacific Tropical Storms Near Record Low… Hurricane Development Hampered

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I’ve always wondered why alarmists blame storms on climate change, but then go totally silent when storms are absent. Just weather?

Yesterday at WeatherBELL Analytics Saturday Summary video, 40-year veteran meteorologist Joe Bastardi focused on global tropical storm activity.

Western Pacific typhoon activity near record low

On the western Pacific front, Bastardi says: “Normally this time of the year we’ve had 5 typhoons; this year we’ve only had one. And since March first this has been an almost record breaking low activity in the western Pacific.”

Quieter than normal August outlook for hurricanes

Looking at the Atlantic hurricane zones, here we see natural factors at work hampering hurricane development. One of them is dust blowing off the horn of Africa. Here Bastardi believes this area will remain quiet through most of August.

Cropped here.

“Very very bearish” development conditions for hurricanes in the MDR

Another factor hampering hurricane formation in the main development region (MDR), Bastardi says, is the current Atlantic sea surface temperature pattern, which leads to “sinking” over the development region. Sea surface temperatures at the latitudes above the tropics are warm, and this helps to keep the lid down on hurricanes.

Dry conditions

In the tropical main development region (MDR), dry conditions are forecast for the next two weeks, and so hurricanes will have a tougher time developing. Joe Bastardi characterizes the conditions for hurricane development in the MDR as “very very bearish”, i.e. lower than normal development potential.

But the veteran meteorologist does warn that this doesn’t mean hurricanes won’t develop in the MDR. So we need to stay on the look out for “in-close development” where storms form just off the mainland.

All in all, good news so far – especially for the Atlantic – in terms of hurricane season intensity. Let’s hope it remains that way for the rest of the season.

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Media Ignore Vast Summer Cold Across Northern Hemisphere; Southern USA, Russia See “Record Lows” In July

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While the headlines naturally focused on an intense heat wave over a region centered over France and Germany last week, the global warming ambulance chasers worked overtime avoiding and ignoring the real story: vast, continent-wide cold spreading across Russia.

Heat and cold zero-sum

First at the European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE), Klaus Öllerer reported how the Sahara heat ended up being a “zero-sum” event for the northern hemisphere region of Europe and Asia.

Öllerer wrote last week that despite the heat that took place in large parts of Europe, it was cooler than usual in other neighboring parts. Only a certain area in Central Europe (purple area) was particularly hot. Around it, it was less warm (yellow) and cooler than usual (blue):

Source: wetterzentrale.de

“Even large parts of the Sahara are cooler than usual (blue). This is no wonder, as the heat is now in Europe and cooler air flows into the Sahara,” Öllerer wrote.

“The above-average warm areas balance out with the above-average cold areas,” he concluded. “The current warming is a zero-sum game! Historically, such events have occurred again and again.”

“It is even the case that in cooler times – such as the Little Ice Age – warm summer extremes were more frequent than in the last one hundred years and more,” Öllerer added.

Severe cold across Russia

Last Saturday on his July 27 Weatherbell Saturday Summary, meteorologist Joe Bastardi posted images of what the coming days would look like over Eastern Europe and Russia:

Image cropped from Weatherbell Saturday Summary, July 27, 2019.

Weather site Elekcroverse here covered the Russian summer cold, writing:

Image cropped from Electroverse

Record cold across in southern USA

In the USA, July cold records were set across southern US, watchers.news here reported.

The media were awfully silent about all this.

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New German Book Casts Doubt Over Alarmist Global Warming Claims: “No Consensus” …”Even Serious Dissent”

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From Die kalte Sonne here:

Problems with the climate problem

Image source: BoD – Books on Demand

At the end of July Eike Roth published a book titled “Problems with the climate problem: A myth crumbles“.  The book’s description:

The climate is changing in a threatening manner. It has already become a degree warmer. It is man’s fault. Its CO2 releases endanger its existence. We have only a few years left to fundamentally change our behavior, otherwise the consequences will be catastrophic. Science agrees on this.

That is what we hear every day from every direction.

In this book precisely this is questioned in the this book. The situation, severity and breadth of the climate optimum, the climatic and non-climatic effects of CO2, the increase in extreme weather events, the strength and speed of anthropogenic climate change, the accuracy of climate models and their agreement with observed climate developments, the possibility or probability of other causes of observed climate change and the effectiveness, prospects of success and side effects of the initiated or required countermeasures are carefully examined.

The result shows that there is general agreement on the principles of the greenhouse effect and its anthropogenic intensification. However, it also identifies a whole series of points on which there is no consensus, at least not yet, and in some cases even serious dissent. For each of these points, it is explained in an understandable way what is specifically controversial and what significance this has for the climate problem as a whole.

All in all, the picture of the climate problem is very different from the one portrayed above. In view of the importance of the problem, it is necessary to clarify the outstanding issues as quickly as possible. Suggestions are made for further action.”

The book costs € 9,50 and can be ordered via BoD or Amazon.

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Biblical City Ur Used To Sit On The Persian Gulf Coast 6000 Years Ago. Today Its Ruins Sit 200 km Inland.

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The world was much warmer and greener with meters-higher sea levels just a few thousand years ago.

Between 9000 to 6000 years ago, when global temperatures were 4-6°C warmer than they are today, the Sahara was a tree- and lake-covered haven teeming with megafauna and human civilizations (Manning and Timpson, 2014).

Image Source: LiveScience

During this same period, the Earth’s sea levels were also multiple meters higher than they are now, as there was much less water locked up on land in the form of ice.

In the Persian Gulf region, for example, the biblically-mentioned city of Ur was once located on the sea coast.

Today, Ur’s ruins are located about 200 kilometers inland.

Image Source: WorldAtlas.com and ancient.eu

Scientists have determined the local sea levels were about 2 to 3 meters higher than they are today during that time.

Image Source: Lambeck, 1996
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Overshoot Day: German ARD Public Television Calls For Consumers To Be Punished By “So Damn Expensive” Prices

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Green hubris: ARD German public television commentary labels its audience “consumption addicts” – mentally ill – and pleads they be punished with “so damn expensive” prices.

Germany’s equivalent of the BBC, publicly (forced) funded ARD Broadcasting aired a commentary on Monday evening by journalist Lorenz Beckhardt. The commentary was to respond to the latest Earth Overshoot Day report. Eckhardt’s angry commentary was a scathing tirade against western society’s “addiction to consumerism” and an unveiled call for a collective punishment so harsh so as to lead to submission.

According to international sustainability organization Global Footprint Network, humanity has already used up nature’s resource budget for the entire year. According to the organization, this means that humanity needs almost 2 earths to satiate the human demand for her resources.

Over the years, Germany’s massive ARD public broadcasting network has increasingly moved to the left, and has since embraced extreme environmentalism and climate protection. And if anyone had any doubts about this, Beckhardt’s anti-free market tirade last Monday night puts these doubts to rest.

 

In his angry 1-min 41 sec. tirade, Beckhardt tells the audience how he’s fed up with hearing year after year how western societies are consuming way beyond the limits and that nothing is being done about it. He demands that policymakers take action to punish the ARD audience.

Consumption junkie

To drive home his point, Beckhardt admits how earlier in the evening he too had “a nice piece of meat on the grill” and that this is something he has “often”. He also tells the audience he often uses his car and flies all over the world because he loves coral reefs. He admits: “I’m a consumption junkie” and that he cannot help it.

He says he does it because “it’s fun, rewarding, enjoyment, lust and everyone else does it.” Next he indirectly calls the entire audience mentally ill, addicts who are in need of extremely harsh medicine.

Beckhardt’s “so damn expensive” medicine

Beckhardt then characterizes western consumption as a disease, telling the nationwide audience:

Everybody knows addicts need help. The problem is that no doctor is able to cure environment-damaging consumption addiction. This can only be done by courageous policymakers. That’s why the request: make meat consumption, car driving and flying so damn expensive that we get ourselves off it. Please! Quickly! Then we’ll vote for all of you!”

What’s astonishing is that the ARD is perfectly comfortable with airing such deranged commentaries that call for the draconian blanket punishment of its audience while harboring the delusion that we all want this punishment and that we would all vote for it.

Here’s what the ARD and the Greens really want to say: “Make meat, car driving and flying so damn expensive that you all get yourselves off it. Please! Quickly! Then only the very rich, the elite and me – the ARD journalist – will afford it. The rest of you will live as peasants in serfdom.”

And if that doesn’t take the cake:

The ARD has a budget of €6.9 billion and 22,612 employees. The budget comes primarily from a licence fee which every household, company and public institution are required by law to pay. For an ordinary household the fee is currently €17.50 per month.” – Wikipedia.

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