New Study: North America Has Been Cooling Since 1998 – With No Significant Overall Warming Since 1982

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The Post-1998 Hiatus

Plods On…Regionally

Image Source: Gan et al., 2019

North America (180-0°N, 15-60°N) has been characterized as a “major cooling center” by the authors of a new paper (Gan et al., 2019) published in Earth and Space Science.

The continent warmed from 1982-1998, but a cooling trend since 1998 has nearly wiped out all the previous warming.

Overall, there has been no significant temperature change in North America since 1982.

The warming and cooling trends, especially the daily temperature minimum (Tmin), are well-correlated (r=0.71) with the path of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) during 1950-2014, leading the authors to conclude that the temperature trends over this 32-year period are “a result of” natural changes in the AMO.


Gan et al., 2019

The Key Role of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation
in Minimum Temperature Over North America
During Global Warming Slowdown

“Daily Minimum temperature (Tmin) is an important variable in both global and regional climate changes, and its variability can greatly affect the ecological system. In the early 21st century, warming slowdown is seen over the North Hemisphere and North America is one of the major cooling centers.”
In this study, we found that Tmin experienced an obvious decline in North America during warming slowdown period. Such Tmin decline is closely related to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), the correlation between the decadal components of Tmin and AMO reached 0.71 during 1950-2014.”
“According to composite analysis, the AMO on the positive (negative) phase takes two low-pressure (high-pressure) systems in the northeastern Pacific and the North Atlantic at night, accompanied by cyclonic (anticyclonic) circulations and warm (cold) advection in North America. Therefore, the analyses conclude that the Tmin decline during warming slowdown period is a result of the synchronous decrease of the AMO. The results emphasize the key role of AMO on the decadal variation of Tmin in North America.”

Image Source: Gan et al., 2019

Another new paper renews the global warming “hiatus” debate and documents a 21st century cooling trend in northern China that also effectively snuffs out the previous decades of warming for the region.


Li et al., 2019

Satellite-based regional warming

hiatus in China and its implication

Global warming ‘stalled’ or ‘paused’ for the period 1998–2012, as claimed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) (IPCC, 2013). However, the early drafts of IPCC AR5 have no detailed explanation for this “hiatus” since 111 of 114 climate models in the CMIP5 earth system model did not verify this phenomenon. … In 2017, after a wave of scientific publications and public debate, the climate models as reported in IPCC remain debates, including definitions of “hiatus” and datasets (Medhaug et al., 2017).”

Image Source: Li et al., 2019
“The slowdown in global warming since 1998, often termed the global warming hiatus. Reconciling the “hiatus” is a main focus in the 2013 climate change conference. Accurately characterizing the spatiotemporal trends in surface air temperature (SAT) is helps to better understand the “hiatus” during the period. This article presents a satellite-based regional warming simulation to diagnose the “hiatus” for 2001–2015 in China. Results show that the rapid warming is mainly in western and southern China, such as Yunnan (mean ± standard deviation: 0.39 ± 0.26 °C (10 yr)−1 ), Tibet (0.22 ± 0.25 °C (10 yr)−1), Taiwan (0.21 ± 0.25 °C (10 yr)−1), and Sichuan (0.19± 0.25 °C (10 yr)−1). On the contrary, there is a cooling trend by 0.29 ± 0.26 °C (10 yr)−1 in northern China during the recent 15 yr, where a warming rate about 0.38 ± 0.11 °C (10 yr)−1 happened for 1960–2000. Overall, satellite simulation shows that the warming rate is reduced to −0.02 °C (10 yr)−1. The changes in underlying surface, Earth’s orbit, solar radiation and atmospheric counter radiation (USEOSRACR) cause China’s temperature rise about 0.02 °C (10 yr)−1. A combination of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and other natural forcing (ONAT, predominately volcanic activity, and atmosphere and ocean circulation) explain another part of temperature trend by approximately −0.04 °C (10 yr)−1. We conclude that there is a regional warming hiatus, a pause or a slowdown in China, and imply that GHGs-induced warming is suppressed by ONAT [other natural forcing] in the early 21st century.”

Image Source: Li et al., 2019
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14 responses to “New Study: North America Has Been Cooling Since 1998 – With No Significant Overall Warming Since 1982”

  1. R2Dtoo

    It is a shame that these two papers have not been reported by MSM. It might dampen the enthusiasm of the marching students worldwide – prompted, of course, by adult educators, politicians and parents. If natural variation can offset GHG warming one has to question whether GHG were the cause of the initial warming. Thanks for reporting these new papers.

    1. SebastianH

      These papers aren’t contradicting AGW or anything about CO2 and other GHGs causing warming. If you are under that impression, then you should probably try to understand what you are arguing against.

      Of course natural variations can offset the GHE. Drop a bucket of ice into a boiling pot of water on your stove. The ice offsets the effect of the stove pretty well, but the heat content of the pot/ice system is still increasing due to the stove adding energy/heat to the system.

      Or maybe imagine what would happen when the Gulf Stream weakens. Europe wouldn’t have such a mild climate anymore … yet the heat still exists and will effect the climate in other regions. Internal variability doesn’t change the global effect of more greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

  2. Greg

    North America, China, Europe, – it wouldn’t surprise me if most of the areas they still claim are warming are Arctic and Antarctica, places we don’t have thermometers so the temperatures are modeled.

  3. Phil Salmon

    Remember a few years ago there was a big media circus about beetles that were destroying trees in North America. Apparently the winters weren’t cold enough so these critters were surviving winters in larger numbers. The predictable predictions flowed forth from the sagacious talking heads that this new global warming disaster would continue and increase with accelerating warming, and that America would be bald of any trees within x number of months etc.

    That story of course has gone quiet now. I think that the last few winters have been plenty cold enough to kill off both those beetles and that media adventure.

    The Khmer Vert are very agile at jumping from story to story. When one disaster scenario fails then deftly hop to another with the skill of a conjourer so that the non-alert audience would notice no pause in the disaster narrative.

    1. Yonason

      “Khmer Vert”

      Yes. I must “borrow” that one. 👍

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  5. DM

    Hiatus or no hiatus may be the wrong issue.

    The more important feature since 1998 may be: Temperatures failed to trend downwards. They “should” have done so because the cooling phase of a routine, roughly 60-80 yr temperature cycle was scheduled to start around 2000-2010. The warming phase stretched from 1970 to 2000.

    Following is a hypothesis to research & debate: Natural forces have offset anthropogenic warming since 2000.

  6. AMO/NAO/PDO (Ocean Oscillations) | Pearltrees

    […] New Study: North America Has Been Cooling Since 1998 – With No Significant Overall Warming Since 1…. By Kenneth Richard on 14. March 2019 Image Source: Gan et al., 2019 North America (180-0°N, 15-60°N) has been characterized as a “major cooling center” by the authors of a new paper (Gan et al., 2019) published in Earth and Space Science. The continent warmed from 1982-1998, but a cooling trend since 1998 has nearly wiped out all the previous warming. […]

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