‘Widespread Cooling (Up To -1.0°C) In Western And Central Europe’ Has Swept Across The Continent Since 1992

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A new study assesses a reduction in tree cover via urbanization or by clearing forests for cropland can warm up a locality by 1°C within 10 years. In contrast, transitions from croplands and urban centers to forests leads to cooling. Europe has been cooling recently (1992-2015) from land cover transitions to forests.

Image Source: Huang et al., 2020

Urbanization adds multiple degrees of warming over decades

A few years ago a compelling analysis (Levermore et al., 2018) found the urban heat island effect can reach intensities of 8°C warmer temperatures than nearby rural sites.

Further, reducing the green (trees and vegetated areas) in an urban center by as little as 11% can lead to a 0.21°C per decade (non-climatic) warming trend in the local thermometer record.

Image Source: Levermore et al., 2018

Global warming can be reversed via land cover changes

While forest losses can heat up local temperatures by as much as 1°C within 10 years (Alkama and Cescatti, 2016), a new study (Huang et al., 2020) has assessed the opposite can occur too.

From 1992 to 2015, there were about 70 million hectares (Mha) of land cover changes (LCCs) occurring across the European continent.

A substantial portion of these LCCs were “cropland-to-forest” transitions due to agricultural abandonment.

When a region returns to forest and tree cover, cooling ensues.

And with a growing percentage of European forested areas returning, a “predominant regional biophysical cooling” with “an average temperature change of −0.12 ± 0.20 °C, with widespread cooling (up to −1.0 °C) in western and central Europe in summer and spring” has swept across Europe due to LCCs in recent decades.

Image Source: Huang et al., 2020

The substantial impact of land cover changes

The implications of this study are profound.

First, the human effect on CO2 concentration changes appears to have minimal effect on local and regional temperatures relative to the much larger impact from land use changes.

More importantly, if reducing global warming is indeed the goal of policy makers, then denuding forests so as to install hundreds of steel-and-concrete wind turbines would appear to achieve the opposite of what it is claimed to do (reduce warming).

So why on Earth are we doing this?

Image Source: The Telegraph
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6 responses to “‘Widespread Cooling (Up To -1.0°C) In Western And Central Europe’ Has Swept Across The Continent Since 1992”

  1. ‘Widespread Cooling (Up To -1.0°C) In Western And Central Europe’ Has Swept Across The Continent Since 1992 — NoTricksZone - Climate- Science.press

    […] über ‘Widespread Cooling (Up To -1.0°C) In Western And Central Europe’ Has Swept Across The Continen… […]

  2. Don from OZ

    Caption should read …five million ‘trees’ have been cut down…..

    1. Dennisa

      I much prefer “windfarms chopped down”!

      1. Steve

        Me too

  3. När vänsteraktivismen blir systemkritisk – Avancemang

    […] att notera, flera klimatforskare har varnat för att vi under de senaste decennierna fått något kallare vintrar i Europa och Nordamerika, vilket givetvis ökar risken för virussjukdomar, då virus sprids […]

  4. ziane

    Merci …..

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