New Study: Sea Level Rise Along The North American Coast ‘Not Necessarily Symptomatic Of Anthropogenic Forcing’

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Scientists suggest relative sea level changes are well-correlated with natural variability and accelerated sea level rise is a “recurring feature” of what has been observed for over 300 years. Five of six studied regions along the North American Atlantic coast show declining sea level rates (mm/yr) in recent decades.

After retreating into the sea until about 1960, for the last five decades the Atlantic coast of North America has, on net, reversed course, expanding at a rate of about 5 centimeters per year (Armstrong and Lazarus, 2019).

This is likely the exact opposite of what would be expected given the reports of accelerated sea level rise for this region in recent decades.

Image Source: Armstrong and Lazarus, 2019

The lead author of a new study, Professor Roland Gehrels, has previously found much more rapid rates of sea level rise prior to 1950 than in recent decades in Southern Hemisphere locations, such as along the coasts of Tasmania and New Zealand (Gehrels et al., 2012).

Image Source: Gehrels et al., 2012

In a new study, Gehrels et al. (2020) also found rapid rates of sea level rise reaching up to 3 millimeters per year during the 1700s along the Atlantic coast of North America. He suggests “those rapid episodes of sea level rise on the north east coast of North America in the 18th Century have a natural cause”.

Interestingly, of the 6 locations chosen for the study, only 1 (Connecticut) indicates sea level rise rates have been steadily accelerating throughout the second half of the 20th century and in recent decades. The 5 others (Nova Scotia, Maine, New Jersey, North Carolina, and Viðarhólmi) all show the millimeters-per-year rates of sea level change have either not been rising or even rapidly falling.

This would not appear to be consistent with a driving anthropogenic influence in sea level rise trends since the 1950s, or since CO2 emissions have risen dramatically.

Image Source: Gehrels et al. (2020)
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3 responses to “New Study: Sea Level Rise Along The North American Coast ‘Not Necessarily Symptomatic Of Anthropogenic Forcing’”

  1. Lasse
  2. garyH845

    Haven’t had a chance to look at the studies yet, but another rather constant contributor to local relative SLR on the Atlantic coast line is subsidence; both from the post glacial rebound and extraction of ground water. In some places it has been found that up to 1/2 of SLR is from subsidence. I think that the Chesapeake Bay area maybe an example of that.

  3. M E

    I live in New Zealand. There is great deal of tectonic activity. I am always interested in the ways of measuring sea level rise on the coasts of areas where there have been large earthquakes. Kaikoura had a lot of change in the foreshore for instance.

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