By Prof. Fritz Vahrenholt
The global mean temperature of the satellite-based measurements remained almost unchanged in August compared to July. The deviation from the 30-year average (1981 to 2010) was 0.43 degrees Celsius.
Temperature measurements on land and in the sea continue to decrease, as the graph of the JRC analysis shows, especially in the southern hemisphere (blue).
Approaching La Nina
The research institutes predict with high probability a La Nina in the Pacific Ocean next winter. Therefore, a further decrease in global temperatures is expected until next spring. The following diagram shows the incipient cooling effect in the Pacific.